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    \ovox Amtoefm

    Aovjam Xowckutj Hokun Tokotmj

    Xowckutj mfmkm` ncvcx |oebboxma toimxm`

    (Amxk Nmxp*

    Aoefmvj imxmeb voximfj+ emnue xowckutj tctjmk noxu|mame ncnoevun |oevjeb fmkmntoimxm` fuejm ncfoxe% Hoxnukm fj \oxmedjt vm`ue =20: tmn|mj fj Wjovemn |mfm

    |oxvoebm`me mhmf aofum|uku`+ xowckutj jej vokm` nonhmrm |oxuhm`me |mfm cxbmejtmtj

    eobmxm+ tvxuavux aokmt tctjmk+ fme jfockcbj zmeb fcnjeme% Xowckutj vokm` nokm jxame hmezma eobmxm zmeb nonjkjaj aoaumtmme fme cvcecnj zmeb zmeb imu` nokohj j

    aoaumtmme fme cvcecnj noxoam tohokun xowukutj Xowckutj \oxmedjt vjhm.vjhm noebuhm`

    eobmxm jej noeimfj tumvu tumvu aoaumvme |oemakua fj hoeum Oxc|m+ Xowckutj Xutjm vokm`

    nonhmebajvame eoboxj jej noeimfj eobmxm mfjfmzm jefutvxj fme njkjvox% Xowckutj Noatjacnoeimfjame eobmxm jej jvu tmkm` tmvu eobmxm hoxaoaumvme |ckjvja fme |mtdm |oeimim`me

    zmeb |mkjeb nmiu jefutvxjezm fme noeimfj eobmxm Mnoxjam Kmvje zmeb |mkjeb imxmeb

    noebmkmnj aufovm njkjvox% Toima \oxmeb Fuejm JJ+ |uedma fmxj tumvu |xctot xowckutjceoxzmeb hoxkmebtueb kmnm+ vokm` noebuhm` fme non|oxtmvuame aonhmkj Djem zmeb

    vox|odm`.|odm`+ Xowckutj hmxu noebmajhmvame eobmxm.eobmxm zmeb |oxem` voximim` fme

    |oeimim`me hmxu+ to|oxvj Wjovemn fme Auhm+ nonuvutame xmevmj aovoxbmevuebme zmeboatvxjn%

    Xowckutj tctjmk vjfma tmim non|uezmj fmn|ma fj vjebamv emtjcemk% Hohoxm|m amtut

    xowckutj vokm` nonuedukame ncfok.ncfok fme djvm.djvm zmeb non|uezmj fmn|ma fme

    fmzm vmxja jevoxemtjcemk tmebmv hotmx a`ututezm m|mhjkm eoboxj zmeb noebmkmnj|oxuhm`me jvu non|uezmj aoaumvme hotmx zmeb zmeb todmxm boc|ckjvja |oevjeb+ mavumk

    mvmu |cvoetjmk% Mebamvme Hoxtoeimvm \oxmedjt zmeb |mvxjcvja xowckujceox noebumtmjtohmbjme hotmx fmxmvme Oxc|m% Hm`ame tohokun |oemakuame fme kmnm tovokm` aoamkm`me

    njkjvoxezm bmbmtme xowckutjceox \oxmedjt% Aohohmtme+ Aotmnmme fme \oxtmufmxmme

    vokm` noefcxceb jnmijemtj fmkmn u|mzm noedmxj aohohmtme tctjmk fme emtjcemk% \oebmxu`xowckutj jej noezohmx fmxj Ioeorm tmn|mj Tmevc Fcnjebbc+ fmxj Jxkmefjm tmn|mj

    Mnoxjam Kmvje fme Jefjm+ fme tokmeiuvezm non|oebmxu`j |mxm vocxjvjaut xowckutj fmxj

    =Roh9 rrr%|ovoxamtoefm%rcxf|xott%dcnOnmjk9 nx%amtoefmLbnmjk%dcn

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    Hmhoug tmn|mj Amxk Nmxp fme Koeje+ toxvm amun mevj ackcejmkjt mhf ao.8

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    \oxuhm`me jej hoxkmebtueb nokmkuj acegkja tctjmk.|ckjvja zmeb aumv zmeb fjfmkmnezm

    |oxiumebme aokmt nonmjeame |oxmeme auedj%(Tacd|ck% =::=9 = 8*

    Ncfok.ncfok Xowckutj

    \oxhofmme mevmxm vj|o.vj|o xowckutj iubm noxu|mame tumvu nmtmkm` |oevjeb%% Xowckutj

    emtjcemk nonjkjaj tjgmv xmebam| hmbj zmeb nonjkjaj aoaumtmme xowckutj emtjcemk jvu

    mfmkm` |oxmeb tmufmxm mvmu hm`ame nuebaje dunm tohum` |onhoxcevmame tofmebamehmbj amun |onhoxcevma tofmebame hmbj amun |onhoxcevma xowckutj emtjcemk jvu toima

    mrmk mfmkm` tohum` |oxmeb aonoxfoaimme zmeb fjvuiuame vox`mfm| |oeimim`me mtjeb%

    Tohmkjaezm+ xowckutj tctjmk |mfm `maoamvezm noxu|mame |onhoxcevmame fmxj tmvu aokmtvox`mfm| aokmt kmjeezm fjmxvjame tohmbmj Akmttoe gux tjd` (nmtjeb.nmtjeb aokmt uevua

    aokmt jvu toefjxj*% \onhmbjme kohj` kmeiuv fmxj kjvoxmvuxo mfmkm`9 xowckutj hcxiujt+ fjvuiuame

    vox`mfm| tumvu mxjtvcaxmtj zmeb hoxaumtm+ hox`mfm|.`mfm|me foebme xowckutj |xckovmx fmxj

    amun huxu` jefutvxj vox`mfm| hcxiujt zmeb hoxaumtm%

    Tokjtj`ezm mfmkm` `jebbm tohoxm|m imu` tohum` |onhoxcevmame zmeb fjnukmj foebmetumvu xowckutj hcxiujt+ tokmnm hoxkmebtuebezm fm|mv fjuhm` noeimfj tohum` xotckutj

    |xckovmx% Fum xotckutj Xutjm |mfm vm`ue =:=2% nonhuavjame hm`rm `mk jej vokm` nuebaje

    fj fmkmn |xmavoaezm+ tohmbmjnmem fjkj`mv cko` Koeje nmu|ue Vxcvtaz |mfm rmavu

    xowckutj vm`ue =:

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    Nmc Yofceb+ fme Kje Hjmc zmeb noebjauvj ioimaezm+ hm`ame nonhofmame tumvu vj|o

    xowckutj a`utut+ zmeb fjvuiuame vox`mfm| jn|oxjmkjtno+ gocfmkjtno fme am|jvmkjtno.

    hjxcaxmvja fme foebme fonjajme iokmt.iokmt noezjn|meb fmxj xowckutj emtjcemk vj|ohcxiujt9 xowckutj foncaxmtj hmxu+ zmeb fjdjxj.a`mtame cko` ao|onjn|jeme |xckovmxjmv%

    Xowckutj Wjovemn fme Auhm iokmt mame dcdca fmkmn amvobcxj jej+ zmeb cko` |onjn|je.|onjn|je Vjcebaca toxoevma fjhofmame fmxj tumvu xowckutj tctjmkjt zmeb voximfj |mfm

    tumvu tvmfjun hoxjauvezm%

    Jej nonhmrm ajvm |mfm nmtmkm` zmeb kumx hjmtm |oevjebezm noeboemj xowckutj amun vmej

    tohmbmj tumvu tuh.vj|o a`utut fmxj xowckutj tctjmk% Fmkmn kjvoxmvuxo Nmxpjt tohokunezm+

    xowckutj vmej jvu vjfma fjhofmame tohmbmj tmvu vj|o a`utut% Cko` amxoem aohmezmame m`kj

    vocxj Nmxpjt Hmxmv nonmeb amun vmej vjfma fj|mefmeb tohmbmj nm`akua.nm`akua zmebhoxaonmn|ume uevua nokmedmxame tumvu xowckutj toimvj% \onhoxcevmame.|onhoxcevmame

    vmej vmej kohj` fjakmtjgjamtj tohmbmj Imd}uoxjot+ tohmbmj kofmame.kofmame vme|m tumvu

    |xct|oa |oxuhm`me noefmtmx fj fmkmn nmtzmxmamv% Amun vmej nonmeb fjmauj tohmbmj

    |otoxvm.|otoxvm fme toauvu.toauvu |cevoetjmk fmkmn tumvu xowckutj hcxiujt mvmu |xckovmx%Emnue uevua nonmjeame tumvu |oxmeme nmefjxj noxoam noxoam jvu fjmebbm| vjfma

    nmn|u% Tjvumtj noxoam tohmbmj |onjkja vmem` aodjk vme|m |oefjfjame a`utut m|m|uenoebbckcebame noxoam ao |ctjtj mebbcvm amun|ovjv hcuxbocjtjo%

    Amun Nmxpjt huame bckcebme tmvu.tmvuezm zmeb noxono`ame mxvj |oevjeb |cvoetjmk

    uetux vmej hmbj boxmame.boxmame xowckutjceox% \mfm ma`jx fmtmrmxtm vjbm.|uku`me DxmeoHxjevce+ fmkmn huauezm V`o Memvcnz cg Xowckuvjce nmtj` non|oxkmauame amun vmej

    tohmbmj tohum` gmavcx zmeb fm|mv fjmhmjame foebme `mezm nonhoxjame tmvu `mkmnme1 fme

    hm`ame fmkmn tmvu `mkmnme jvu fjvukjtezm voevmeb amun vmej jvu foebme bmzm to|jevmt fmemkmtme.mkmtme hokmam%

    Fmkmn `mk jej Hxjevce%noezotumjame fjxj todmxm tofox mem |mfm tvoxocvj|o noeboemjamun vmej tohmbmjnmem zmeb hoxkmau fj amkmebme nmzcxjvmt toimxmrme Hmxmv fj rmavu

    fuku% Tvoxocvj|o jej |mfm |cacaezm mfmkm` tumvu |oejkmjme voevmeb amun vmej tohmbmj

    tumvu aokmt zmeb |mfm fmtmxezm acetoxwmvjg+ zmeb noebmnhjk imxma fmxj mxut.mxutvox|oevjeb toimxm` unmv nmeutjm% \mfm fmtmrmxtm vjbm.|uku`me tocxmeb |oezmjx+ IRG

    Roxunout Hueejeb+ noeukjt hmkmfmezm zmeb tmebmv voxaoemk zmeb nokuajtame amun vmej

    tohmbmj tohmbmj totocxmeb zmeb fmkmn aomfmme |mkjeb axjvjt voxut nonhmima vmem`ezm%

    Iubm Nmxp vjfma fm|mv to|oeu`ezm noko|mtame fjxj fmxj tvoxocvz|o jej% Nmejgotvc

    Acnuejt noedjxja`mtame amun vmej tohmbmj tjumvu hmbjme fmxj aokmt noeoebm` hmrm`+

    zmeb hoxbukmv nokmrme hcxiumtj mbmx ao`jfu|meezm tohmbmj tohmbjme fmxj bckcebme

    noeoebm` fjtokmnmvame fmxj |oeb`meduxme% Amxoem jvukm` amun vmej jvu vjfmaxowckutjceox+ vovm|j acetoxwmvjg% Kohj` huxua kmbj fmxj jvu+ noxoam jvu xomatjceox+ amxoem

    noxoam hoxutm`m nonuvmx hmkja xcfm toimxm`% Fme Jebbxjt mame+ noeuxuv mebbm|me

    Nmxp zmeb tufm` fjuebam|ame |mfm vmi ue =02

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    Notaj|ue fonjajme voxfm|mv toiunkm` |oxezmvmme fj fmkmn amxzm Nmxp zmeb noxuiua

    |mfm |oejkmjme zmeb kohj` |ctjvjg noeboemj |cvoetj xowckutjceox amun vmej% Njtmkezm

    |mfm =0?7 Nmxp noeukjt ao|mfm Gxjofoxjd` Oebokt hm`rm fj Ioxnme tmvu.tmvuezmaonuebajeme aohox`mtjkme hmbj tumvu xowckutjceox |xckovmx |mfm fj|oxcko`ezm fjuauebme

    |caca fmxj toioejt ofjtj aofum fmxj \oxmeb Vmej% Fme tokmnm |oximkmeme fmtmrmxtm

    vuiu`.|uku`me+ aovjam jm mbma fjaodormame cko` |cvoetj xowckutjceox huxu` jefutvxjOxc|m Hmxmv+ Nmxp nukmj non|ox`mvjame amun vmej Xutjm zmeb voxhokmameb jvu foebme

    tjn|mvj kohj` hotmx+ fme Nmxp hm`ame nonmefmeb noxoam jvu nuebaje fm|mv noeimfj

    toauvu fmkmn tumvu |oxiumebme uevua tumvu nmtzmxmamv tctjmkjt%

    BI @mxntoe foebme vo|mv vokm` noebonuamame hm`rm nmemamkm Nmxp hoxhjdmxm voevmeb

    acetoxwmvjtno fme tjam| hcxiujt amun vmej+ jm nuebaje toamkj noxuiua |mfm |oebbmxm|

    vmem` toamkjbut |onjkja vmem` Oxc|m Hmxmv+ zmeb kohj` noxu|mame |ovmej.|oebutm`m(gmxnoxt* fmxj|mfm |ovmej (|omtmevt*% Fme tohmkjaezm+ m|mhjkm Nmxp noeukjt voevmeb

    |oebbmxm|.|oebbmxm| vmem` Ioxnme fme Xutjm tohmbmj aonuebajeme tumvu aokcn|ca

    xowctjceox hotmx aonuebajeme tumvu aokcn|ca xowckutjceox+ hotmx aonuebajemeezm

    zmeb fjnmatuf mfmkm` amun |ovmej aodjk fmxj Oxc|m Voebm` fme voxkohj` kmbj amun vmejOxc|m Vjnux+ zmeb vjfma |oxem` noedm|mj aofufuame tohmbmj |onjkja.|onjkja vmem`

    zmeb to|oeu`ezm nmefjxj%

    Hmbj aohmezmame amun vmej Mtjm imxmeb zmeb nonjtm`ame noxoam fmxj |oebbmxm| vmem`

    Hmxmv jvu kohj` hotmx kmbj% Vjfma tocxmeb |ue mame nonhmzmebame amun vmej \oxmedjt

    mvmu Hokmefm ymnme toamxmeb tohmbmj aoaumvme xowckutjceox% Iutvxu tohmkjaezm amun\cuimfjt fj \oxmedjt fme \mxvmj Vmej fj eoboxj Hokmefm toima mrmk todmxm voxmeb.voxmebme

    mfmkm` acetoxwmvjg fme hm`ame xomatjceox% Tohmhezm tufm` iokmt tohmbmjnmem |oxfmem

    noevoxj acetoxwmvjg Jebbxjt fmxj nmtm tohokun |oxmeb+ Kcxf Tvmekoz Hmkfrje |oxem`amvmamem9 Mbmx cxmeb hoxtjam| vjfma nmu ao`jkmebme+ nmam hoxjamekm` |mfm noxoam

    totumvu uevua fjnjkjakjezm% \oebckm` vmem` Oxc|m Hmxmv mfmkm` tocxmeb hcxiujt+ tohmh

    foebme tobmkm aoku`.aotm`ezm+ zmeb mfm fj mevmxmezm nonmeb hoxfmtmx+ jm hoxao|oevjebme foebme aomfmme to|oxvj mfmezm toamxmeb% Tocxmeb |ovmej Mtjm+

    tohmkjaezm+ ezmxjt tocxmeb |xckovmx mvmu hm`ame kohj` fmxj|mfm jvu+ fme jm vjfma mame

    ao`jkmebme m|m.m|m foebme voximfjezm xowckutj+ aodumkj xmevmj zmeb nonhokoebbuezm|mfm vume.vmem` mvmu |mxm voebaukma#kjevm`.fmxmv% Hm`ame amfmeb.amfmeb iubm hokoebbu

    hokoebbu aoijrmme9 amun vmej vjfma imxmeb voxhokoebbu |mfm vume.vume vmem` tovon|mv

    zmeb tmebmv hoxaumtm nokmkuj jamvme.jamvme |mvxcemto%

    Todmxm hoxmebtux.mebtux |mxm m`kj vocxj Nmxpjt tonmaje noezmfmxj aonuebajeme

    xowckutjceox fj amkmebme amun vmej% Voxuvmnm tovokm` vm`ue =:

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    hm`ame noezmebamk hm`rm amun vmej+ fjmebbm|ezm voxhokmameb+ mame |oxem` fm|mv

    nonmjeame tumvu |oxmeme zmeb nmefjxj%

    Tokmnm fme totufm` xowckutj |xckovmx Xuttjm+ zmeb noeimfj aoezmvmme |mfm hukme

    Ecwonhox =:=2 tohmbmj tumvu aokmeiuvme fmxj xowckutj hcxiujt+ nmam mxvj |oevjeb aokmt

    vmej tohmbmj tumvu aoaumvme xowckutjceox fme toauvu |oevjeb fmxj amun huxu` acvm todmxmbmnhkmeb vokm` fjhuavjame% Amxoem xowckutj tctjmkjt acvm todmxm bmnhkmeb vokm`

    fjhuavjame% Amxoem xowckutj tctjmkjt zmeb fj`mxm|ame voximfjezm fj eobmxm.eobmxm Oxc|m

    kmjeezm vjfma aueiueb nokovut+ nmam |mxm |onjn|je Tcwjov tonmaje noeduxm`ame |ox mvjme noxoam |mfm Mtjm+ fj nmem tumvu bckcebme |ovmej zmeb tonmaje nokmxmv

    nuebaje mame fm|mv nonmjeame |oxmeme xowckutjceox toxu|m%

    Hovm|m|ue+ |jajxme hm`rm amun huxu` jefutvxj notvj noeimfj jevj fme noxu|mame|mtuame |oezoxhu boxmame xowckutjceox vjfma |oxem` fjvjebbmkame fmkmn vocxj Nmxpjtno

    Tcwjov%

    \mfm dmhmeb Vjcebaca fmxj Nmxpjtno+ tohmbmjnmem zmeb fjaonhmebame cko` NmcYofceb+ bjkjxme vubmt imvu` |mfmezm uevua nonhuavjame |cvoetj xowckujceox zmeb vjmfm

    voxuaux hotmxezm zmeb voxamefueb fmkmn aokmt |ovmej Mtjm zmeb nokmxmv jvu+ fme |ukm fjtumvu eoboxj zmeb ezmxjt vjfma fm|mv hoxhjdmxm voevmeb ao`mfjxme tumvu aokmt huxu`

    jefutvxjmk% Hm`ame Nmc toefjxj vjfma |oxem` noemnmame xowckutj zmeb voximfj fj

    Vjcebaca jvu tohmbmj xowckutj mbxmxjt% Toamkj|ue Nmc kohj` hmezma noeoameame mxvj

    |oevjebezm tm`mn mbxmxjt jvu fmxj|mfm zmeb fjkmauame cko` amun Nmxpjt Tcwjov `jebbm`mxj jej+ Nmc vovm| hox|obmeb |mfm mtmt Nmxpjt hm`rm tumvu xowckutj tctjmkjt `mxut

    fjdm|mj fj hmrm` ao|jn|jeme |xckovmxjmv jefutvxjmk% Fj fmkmn |xmavoa tvxmvobj Vjcebaca

    jej hoxmxvj hm`rm tokmnm tokuxu` xowckutjceox fmtmrmxtm vjbm.|uku`me fme on|mv.|uku`me+ |oxmeme uvmnm fme jejtjmvjg notvj fj|obmeb cko` |jn|jeme \mxvmj Acnuejt+ zmeb

    fjmebbm| normajkj |xckovmxjmv jefutvxjmk% Fme rmkmu|ue tokmnm Xowckutj Aohufmzmme

    ao|oebuxutme \mxvmj Acnuejt jvu tockm`.ckm` noeimfj bczm`+ fmkmn vm`ue =:70 |oxmemefcnjeme fmxj amun huxu` jefutvxjmk tohmbmj jevj uvmnm fmxj \mxvmj Acnuejt zmeb vokm`

    fjhoxtj`ame todmxm hoxmebtux.mebtux mbmaezm vokm` fj|ukj`ame aonhmkj%

    Fmkmn `mk jej |oemgtjxme Dmtvxc noeboemj Xowckutj Dchm vjfmakm` hoxhofm imu` foebme

    Nmc+ `mezm foebme |oxhofmme zmeb noezckca hm`rm fj tmn|jeb ao|onjn|jeme

    |xckovmxjmv ao|onjn|jeme amun jevokoavumk xowckutjceox iubm fjtohuvame zmeb fm|mv

    fjiokmtame cko` aodjkezm |oxmeme zmeb fjnmjeame cko` \mxvmj Acnuejt toefjxj fj fmkmnXowckutj Auhm%

    Fmkmn kjvoxmvuxo Nmxpjt zmeb kohj` hokmamebme jej voxezmvm voxfm|mv tumvu aodoefoxuebmezmeb tonmaje hotmx uevua noebmauj xowckutj.xowckutj zmeb hox`mtjk zmeb |mfm

    `maoamvezm mbxmxjt% Noeuxuv Nmxpjt Mutvxjm Gxmey Nmxoa xowckutj.xowckutj mbxmxjt |mfm

    `maoamvezm `mezmkm` zmeb fj eoboxj.eoboxj voxvoevu vokm` hox`mtjk noedj|vmame tumvutjvumtj to`jebbm Nmxpjtno fm|mv fjvobmaame tohmbmj tumvu jfockcbj xotnj%

    Fj kmje |j`ma vocxj Nmxpjt Tcwjov vovm| noebmebbm| bckcebme mbxmxjt fmkmn tumvu

    xowckutj tctjmk |mfm `maoamvezm hoxrmvma hcxiujt aodjk+ zmeb amxoemezm fmkmn aoimfjme

    7Roh9 rrr%|ovoxamtoefm%rcxf|xott%dcnOnmjk9 nx%amtoefmLbnmjk%dcn

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    xowckutj jvu fjhokcaame fmxj mxm` tctjmkjtezm% Noeuxuv vocxj Nmxpjt Tcwjov iutvxu tohmbjme

    jejkm` zmeb noeimfj aokonm`me oat|xjnoe Vjcebaca fme noeimfj tohmh |oezjn|mebme.

    |oezjn|mebmeezm fmxj ncfok Tcwjov% tokmku nmtj` fj|mefmeb tohmbmj dcevc` zmeb|mkjeb hox`mtjk fmxj tumvu xowckutj |xckovmx%

    Fmkmn jknu |ckjvja ece.Nmxpjt fj Hmxmv |jue mxvj |oevjeb uetux mbxmxjm fmkmn xowckutjtonmaje fjmauj% Ajxm.ajxm on|mv |uku` vm`ue zmeb kmku% Hmxjebvce Nccxo+ kmbj.kmbj

    tocxmeb |ckjvjackcb Mnoxjam+ noebununame tohum` tvufj |oxhmefjebme noeboemj

    xowckutj% To|oxvj Hxjevce+ jm mevmxm kmje iubm nonhoxjame |ox`mvjme a`utut |mfm xowckutjJebbxjt fme \oxmedjt% Emnue jm iubm noemnhm`ame vjbm eoboxj Mtjm zmeb |oevjeb tohmbmj

    chzoa tvufj |mfm ncfok Hmxmv jvu% Jej fm|mv fjvoxmebame fmxj aoezmvmme hm`rm

    |oefm|mvezm noeboemj mxvj |oevjeb |oxmeme amun huxu` hoxhofm imu` fmxj |oefm|mvme

    Hxjevce% Fmxj mema iufuk huauezm tufm` iokmt toamkj hm`rm fmkmn |oefm|mv Nccxo`uhuebme.`uhuebme mbxmxjt nonmjeame tumvu |oxmeme noeoevuame fmkmn noeovm|ame

    hoxkmebtuebezm |oxaonhmebme tctjmk fme oacecnj fj totumvu eoboxj% Nmttm |ovmej zmeb

    tonmaje nokmxmv fme hotmx iunkm`ezm fm|mv noeimfj km`me |oxtonmjme hmbj tumvu ioejt

    ncfoxejtmtj a`utut+ zmjvu uevua tumvu |oxaonhmebme oacecnj+ zmaej |oxvunhu`mejefutvxjmk kormv imkux.imkux fjavmvcxjmk+ to|ooxvj njtmkezm zmeb voximfj fj Ioxnme fme

    Io|meb% Fj \oxmedjt nmttm |ovmej iubm nonmjeame |oxmeme |oevjeb% Toamkj|ue xowckutj\oxmedjt jvu tmnm toamkj huame tumvu xowckutj |ovmej+ emnue noeuxuv Nccxo amun vmej

    jvukm` zmeb noeoevuame xowckutj jvu% Tokmnm amun vmej jauv hoxhmxjt foebme amun aodjk

    \mxjt+ amun tmetdukcvvot+ nmam xowckutj fm|mv hoximkme voxut% Vovm|j+ aovjam xoyjn fj

    hmrm` Xc|ot|joxxo vokm` noeimfj voxkmku xmfjamk uevua fm|mv nonumtame amun vmej|onjkja vmem`+ nmam noxoam kmxj aokumx fmxj hmxjtme xowckutjceox jvu fme rmavuezm vokm`

    noeimfj nmvmeb hmbj V`oxnjfoxfme voxxcx |uvj`%

    Noeboemj xowckutj Xutjm fme Vjcebaca+ aofum.fumezm |mfm `oaoamvezm fj|mefmeb cko`

    Nccxo tohmbmj xowckutj |ovmej%% Memkjtjt mfmkm` tohmbmj hoxjauv9 Fj Vjcebaca+ hm`ame

    kohji` fmxj|mfm fj Xutjm+ amun vmejkm` zmeb noebmebauv hm`me fjemnjv+ zmeb ma`jxezmnokofmaame vmvmeme kmnm% Emnue+ toamkj|ue Nccxo noebmauj amun vmej tohmbmj

    aoaumvme xowckutjceox zmeb |oevjeb+ jm nonmefmeb noxoam tohmbmj tumvu aokmt zmeb

    vokm` noeb`mhjtame voembmezm toboxm tovokm` vuiume xowckutj ncfoxejtmtj nokmkuj tumvu |oxaonhmebme jefutvxjmk jvu voxdm|mj% @mtjk |xctot ncfoxejtmtj mfmkm`+ noeuxuv

    |oefm|mvezm+ |oeb`meduxme bckcebme vmej tohmbmj tumvu aokmt%

    Tonoevmxm jej |oevjeb fj|ox`mvjame hm`rm huau Nccxo noxu|mame tohum` tjn|vcn fmxjtumvu |oeboxvjme zmeb kohj` hotmx noeboemj nmaem uetux |ovmej fmkmn xowckutj+ iubm hmbj

    |oeukjt.|oeukjt ece.Nmxpjt formtm jej%

    Foebme fonjajme ajvm vokm` tmn|mj |mfm |onhofmme.|onhofmme tohmbmj hoxjauv%

    \onhofmme |oxvmnm mfmkm` mevmxm xowckutj emvjcemk foebme xowckutj tctjmk%

    Fmkmn xowckutj emtjcemk akmtja mfmkm` amun hcxiumtj jej toefjxj noxu|mame tohum`

    |oeboxvjme zmeb imu` fmxj|mfm vjfma noefum.mxvj zmeb noebmnhjk ao|onjn|jeme+

    toamkj|ue nmttm |ovmej iubm jauv mnhjk hmbjme fmkmn |oxiumebme |onhohmtme jvu% Emnue

    fmkmn tjvumtj fuejm formtm jej hcxiumtj jvu fmkmn aohmezmame `mk voxjamv voxkmku oxmv |mfm

    2Roh9 rrr%|ovoxamtoefm%rcxf|xott%dcnOnmjk9 nx%amtoefmLbnmjk%dcn

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    ao|oevjebme.ao|oevjebme kumx eoboxj uevua fm|mv nonhoxjame |jn|jeme zmeb hmja |mfm

    tumvu |oxiumebme hoximebam rmavu |meimeb% Amxoem jvu boxmame.boxmame |onhohmtme

    emtjcemk fm|mv non|oxkj`mvame djxj.djxj foncaxmtj hmxu+ zmeb hoxmxvj hm`rm hmja|xckovmxjmv acvm nmu|ue |ofotmme fm|mv nonmjeame |oxmeme zmeb imu` kohj` |oevjeb%

    Tumvu xowckutj foncaxmtj hmxu foebme fonjajme nokmn|uj+ toima mrmk mvmu fmkmn

    |oximkmeme hoxjauvezm+ |oxhmvmtme mevmxm xodckutj emtjcemk fme xowckutj tctjmk%

    Fj kmje |j`ma ajvm toemevjmtm hox`mfm|me foebme xowckutj tctjmk m|mhjkm tumvu km|jtme

    tctjmk+ zmeb hoaoxim.tmnm mvmt fmtmx tckjfmxjvmt mvmu+ noebbuemame tohum` jtvjkm`Nmxpjt+ hoxguebtj tohmbmj tumvu Akmtto gux tjd` hoxutm`m noxmn|mt aoaumtmme |ckjvja

    fme fcnjemtj tctjmk fmxj km|jtme zmeb hoxaumtm% Vj|o xowckutj tctjmk zmeb kohj` vum+

    voxaoemk fmxj toimxm` Hmxmv+ fjdjxj.a`mtame cko` tumvu |oxiumebme hcxiumtj vox mfm|

    mxjtvcaxmtj zmeb tofmeb hoxaumtm%

    Formtm jej mfmkm` Bckcebme Ao.on|mv zmeb noebmedmn aoaumtme aumkm zmeb tofmeb

    hoxdcack% Emnue hoxhofm fmxj vocxj Nmxpjt akmtja+ fj Fuejm Aovjbm formtm jej huame kmbj

    |xckovmxjmv acvm zmeb nonmjeame |oxmeme noeoevuame fmkmn xowckutj tctjmk jvu% Amunvmej tonmaje fjmauj tohmbmj tumvu aoaumvmme xowckutjceox zmegb |oxamtm+ toamkj|ue amun

    Nmxpjt tokmku nmtj hoxtjauau` hm`rm tumvu ao|onjn|jeme voxvoevu fmxj aokcn|ca.aokcn|ca tctjmk kmje+ hmja |xckovmxjmv kcvm+ mvmu|ue amun jevokoboetjm+ vovm| noxu|mame

    tumvu ao`mxutme% (Roxv`ojn9 8?7 877*

    Vocxj.Vocxj Xowckutj

    Vocxj.vocxj jknu tctjmk jknjm` voevmeb xowckutj fm|mv fjhmbj ao fmkmn kjnm aokcn|cauvmnm% \oxvmnm.vmnm mfm hmjaezm ajvm hoxhjdmxm noeboemj bmbmtme |caca zmeb voxhmja

    fjtmijame fmkmn amxzm.amxzm Amxk Nmxp toefjxj% Tohmbmj |oefuaueb mavjg fmxj ncfok

    |oxuhm`me tctjmk jej+ amun nmxpjt noxu|mame |oebmemkjtm tctjmk zmeb |mkjeb acetjtvoefmkmn nonm`mnj xowckutj tctjmk% Nonmeb fj fmkmn mhmf.mhmf zmeb hoxboickma toima

    aonmvjme Nmxp+ vokm` hoxaonhmeb aodoefoxuebme zmeb hoxhofm fj fmkmn vxmfjtj

    jevokoavumk fme |ckjvja amun nmxpjt% Tohuv tmim emnm Ejackmj Hua`mxje+ Koeje+ NmcYofceb+ Bocxb Kuamdt+ Mevcejc Bxmntdj fme Kcujt Mkkv`uttox% Rmkmu|ue fonjajme+

    |oefoamvme mtkj Nmxp vox`mfm| xowckutj vovm| vma fjxmbuame+ notaj fjvmgtjxame todmxm

    hoxhofm.hofm n emnue noeimfj fmtmx hmbj tonum vocxj nmxpjt zmeb nueduk hokmamebme

    jvu%

    _etux.ueutx fmtmx vocxj Nmxp fm|mv todmxm iokmt fj jefoevjgjamtj vme|m noeckma gmavm

    hm`rm tonum uetux voxtohuv voxhuam uevua hoxhmbmj nmdmn uauxme fme |oemgtjxme% Nmxpnonm`mnj hm`rm xowckutj huame tohmbmj tumvu o|jtcfo voxvuvu| fmxj aoaoxmtme fme

    acegkja+ vovm|j tumvu boxmame aokmt zmeb nueduk fmxj `mtjk acevxmfjtj tvxuavuxmk fj fmkmn

    nmtzmxmamv zmeb todmxm `jtvcxjt hoxaonhmeb fme zmeb todmxm jevoxe fjkmefm acegkja% HmbjNmxp+ auedj fmxj tovjm| nmtzmxmamv jmkm` dmxm |xcfuatj mvmu acnhjemtj a`utut mevmxm

    aoaumvme tctjmk.oacecenj fmkmn |xcfuatj (voaeckcbj fme |onhmbjme aoxim* toxvm

    `uhuebme aokmt fmkmn |onjkjame `mtjk |xcfuatj fme |onjkjame tux|kut |xcfuatj% Zmeb

    voxma`jx jvu+ `uhuebme |xcfuatj+ mfmkm` tmebmv noeoevuame%

    0Roh9 rrr%|ovoxamtoefm%rcxf|xott%dcnOnmjk9 nx%amtoefmLbnmjk%dcn

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    Tohmh uvmnm acevxmfjatj xowckutjceox fmkmn nmtzmxmamv+ noeuxuv gcxnukmtj vocxjvjt

    nmxpjt zmeb |mkjeb unun+ mfmkm` vjnhukezm |onjtm`me tonoevmxm fmkmn dmxm |xcfuatjmevmxm aoaumvme tctjmk febme `uhuebme tctjmk fmkmn |xcfuatj

    \mfm bjkjxmeezm+ |onjtm`me dmxm |xcfuatj jej noejnhukame acegkja.acegkja aokmt zmebnmaje noeb`ohmv% Boeoxmtj fmxj tumvu |xcfuatj fmkmn hmvmt.hmvmt dmxm |xcfuatj voxvoevu

    zmeb mfm am|jvmkjtno fmkmn gocfmkjtno+ tctjmkjtno fmkmn am|jvmkjtno noedj|vmame

    tumvu hmtjt zmeb fjemnjt hmbj |oxvunhu`me aotmvume fme aotmfmxme tovjm| aokmt |xcvcxowckutjceox nokmkuj |oxiumebme nokmrme fcnjemtj aokmt zmeb mfm% Imfj+ ijam noebmdu

    |mfm xowckutj xowckutj hcxiujt Oxc|m mkmv.mkmv |xcfuatj fme |oxfmbmebme+ zmeb noeimfj

    fmtmx amun hcxiujt fmkmn nonhmebue fjxjezm toefjxj+ km`jx fmxj nmtzmxmamv goufmk%

    Xowckutj jvu toefjxj fjkmedmxame nokmuj matj aokmt zmeb fj|jn|je cko` tumvu aokmt

    xowckutjceox zmeb non|uezmj aotmfmxme fjxj (zmaej+ bckcebme hcxiujt fmkmn xowckutj

    hcxiujt fme amun |xckovmx fmkmn xodckutj tctjmkjt*% Nuebaje aokmt xowckutjceox jej

    fjfuaueb cko` aokmt kmje zmeb hoxtoauvu+ njtmkezm amun vmej+ vxovm|j toauvu jej vjfmato|oeu`ezm non|uezmj aotmfmxme aokmt fme vjfma voxcxbmejtjx todmxm |ckjvjt fmkmn tamkm

    emtjcemk% Toamkj hox`mtjk+ nmam xowckutj jvu mame nonmefmj fjnukmjezm vxmetjtj fmxj dmxm|xcfuatj fme hoevua aokmt fcnjeme zmeb kmnm ao|mfm dmxm |xcfuatj zmeb hmxu+ zmeb

    nmem `uhuebme tctjumk |xcfuatj hmxu+ hoevua.hoevua jfockcbj fme |ckjvja zmeb hmxu+ fme

    `oboncej aokmt xowckutjceox zmeb hmxu noemeb+ mame noedj|vmame acefjtj.acefjtj zmeb

    nonuebajeame hmbj |oxaonhmebme nmtzmxmamv tokmeiuvezm% Tjebamvezm+ Nmxp nokj`mvxowckutj nueduk fmxj dmxm |xcfuatj zmeb voxhmbj.hmbj noeuxuv aokmt fme noebuhm` tmvu

    dmxm |xcfuatj ao dmxm |xcfuatj kmjeezm nokmkuj acegkja aokmt%

    Fmkmn R`z Noe Xohok+ Vof Buxx hoxnmatuf noebonhmebame tumvu vocxj unun zmeb

    fjfmtmxame mvmt vocxj |tjackcbj vox mfm| imxma fme hoevua aoaoxmtme |ckjvja+ zmeb

    fjfogjejtjame tohmbmj tonum toxmebme ackoavjg fmkmn tumvu acnuejvmt |ckjvja vox`mfm|xoyjn |ckjvja+ |mxm mavcx |ckjvjaezm voxnmtua aokcn|ca.aokcn|ca |ckjvja zmeb hoxtmjeb+

    nmu|ue |mxm |oimhmv mvmu aohjimame.aohjimameezm% Aceto| jvu noebbmnhmxame mfmezm

    to|oxmebamv |oxjtvjrm+ |oebbuemme mvmu medmnme |oebbuemme aoaoxmtme todmxm hoxtmnm%Aceto| jvu voxnmtua xowckutj+ |oxmeb boxjkzm+ aufovm+ |onhoxcevmame+ fme aoxutu`me

    Vocxj Buxx mnmv xunjv fme |oeu` foebme eumetm zmeb noemxja+ fj fmkmn

    |oebonhmebmeezm+ vovm|j tohoemxezm otoetjezm duau| tofox`mem% Aoaoxmtme ckjvja voximfjaovjam hmezma mebbcvm nmtzmxmamv noeimfj nmxm`+ a`ututezm ijam acefjtj |xmavjt fme

    acefjtj hufmzm zmeb mfm noxmebtmeb voximfjezm mbxotj vox`mfm| tmtmxme.tmtmxme |ckjvja%

    Fme cxmeb mame noeimfj nmxm` m|mhjkm voxfm|mv iuxmeb |onjtm` mevmxm hmxmeb.hmxmebhox`mxbm fme aoton|mvme zmeb noxoam mebbm| tohmbmj `maezm zmeb tohoemxezm tumvu

    acefjtj zmeb fjaoemk tohmbmj fo|xjwmtj xokmvjg% Buxx noemrmxame ncfok a`utut uevua

    noeiokmtame hoxhmbmj hoevua aoaoxmtme |ckjvja zmeb uvmnm% Jm nonhofmame mevmxmaoamdmume+ |oxtoacebackme fme |oxmeb tmufmxm tohmbmj hoevua.hoevua uvmnm% Xowckutj

    voxnmtua amvobcxj |oxmeb tmufmxm+ hoxtmnm.tmnm foebme voxcxjtno aokmt amam|+ |oxmeb

    toxvm |oxmeb tj|jk% Tmvuj `mk zmeb noezohmhame |oxmeb tmufmxm fjhofmame fmxj hoevua

    kmje+ mfmkm` hm`rm jm kohj` voxcxbmejtjx fjhmefjebame aoamdmume fme kohj` hoxhmtjt nmttm

    :Roh9 rrr%|ovoxamtoefm%rcxf|xott%dcnOnmjk9 nx%amtoefmLbnmjk%dcn

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    xmazmv fjhmefjebame hoevua acet|jxmtj% Cko` amxoem jvu kcbjt amxzm+ xowckutj `mxut

    fjvoxmebame fmxj mfmezm fo|xjwmtj xokmvjwo meb `ohmv+ nokumt+ fme noezmebauv hoxhmbmj

    tobj ao`jfu|me zmeb noezoevu` hmja |mxm dmkce okjv nmu|ue nmttm xmazmv% Amxoemm|mhjkm |mxm dmkce |onjn|je fme |mxm |oebjauvezm voxut.noeoxut gxutvmtj+ nmam noxoam

    nuebaje mame hox|oxme toxvm fmkmn fme nuebaje nonhoevua tumvu cxbmejtmtj aoaoxmtme

    |ckjvja+ foebme fonjajme tumvu acefjtj fmtmx hmbj vjnhukezm |oxmeb tmufmxm tufm`voxdj|vm%

    Amxzm D`mxkot VjkkzGxcn Nchjkymjvjce vc Xowckuvjce+ noebbmnhmxame amvmamekm`+ tumvu|uedma |oxezmvmme vocxjvjt hmbj |oefoamvme acegkja.acegkja zmeb fjkm`jxame tohmbmj

    kmrme hmbj vocxj Vof Buxx% Mxbunoe fmtmxezm mnmv nozmajeame fme nufm` fj|m`mnj%

    \mxm |mamx vocxj acegkja.|ckjvja noebmvmame hm`rm hmbmjnmem|ue iubm aovjfma|umtme

    xmazmv+ noxoam vjfma fm|mv jauv dmn|ux vmebme fmkmn matj |ckjvja (voxnmtua matjaoaoxmtme* aodumkj m|mhjkm noxoam noeimfj hmbjme fmxj tumvu aokcn|ca zmeb voxcxbmejtjx

    zmeb non|uezmj hohoxm|m tunhox fmzm% Hm`ame toamkj|ue aonufjme |onoxjevm` mvmu

    aokcn|ca.aokcn|ca zmeb hoxtmjeb nuebaje hox`mtjk noeoame aonmume uevua jauv

    dmn|ux fmkmn matj ackoavjg foebme dmxm non|oxvjebbj xotjac zmeb `mxut fjvmebbueb%Tokmeiuvezm+ |mxm |mamx vocxj acegkja.|ckjvja+ hoxamvm+ to|oxvj zmeb fjaonuamame cko`

    Vjkkz99 Xowckutj fme aoaoxmtme ackoavjg jvu kohj` doefoxueb nueduk todmxm kmebtueb fmxj |utmv |xctot.|xctot |ckjvja fmkmn tumvu nmtzmxmamv+ aovjnhmeb noedoxnjeame

    aovobmebme fme aovjfma|umtme fmkmn nmtzmxmamv hm`rm akmjn.akmjn hmkmtme voxvoevu

    vox`mfm| |onoxjevm` zmeb mfm zmeb fjkmauame cko` hoxhmbmj aokcn|ca zmeb voxnchjkjtjx

    mfmkm` kohj` |oevjeb fjhmefjeb foebme aovjfma|umtme unun mvmu aoaodormme fmxjaokcn|ca.aokcn|ca jvu fme hm`rm akmjn uevua noefm|mv von|mv zmeb nm|me fmkmn

    tvxuavux aoaumtmme mfmkm` tmebmv noeoevuame

    Fmkmn aoezmvmme+ Vjkkz noeckma uevua nonmamj aoaoxmtme tohmbmj chioa memkjtjtezm+

    amxoem jm hoxaovovm|me hm`rm+ jetjfoe aoaoxmtme ackoavjg totuebbu`ezm `mezm

    noxu|mame majhmv fmxj |xctot ecxnmk fmxj |oxtmjebme aokcn|ca uevua noxohuvameaoaumtme fme vuiume voxvoevu% Nmam fmxj jvu+ chioa memkjtjtezm mfmkm` matj ackoavjg zmeb

    fjmxvjame tohmbmj matj toaokcn|ca cxmeb todmxm hoxtmnm fmkmn noedm|mj ao|oevjebme

    hoxtmnm% Fmkmn noebmemkjtjt matj ackoavjg jej Vjkkz noebbuemame fum ncfok unun+ncfok nmtzmxmamv fme ncfok nchjkjtmtj% _etux |caca ncfok nmtzmxmamv |ckjvja mfmkm`

    |onoxjevm` (cxbmejtmtj zmeb noefoefmkjame tmxmem.tmxmem aoaoxmtmme uvmnm fmkmn

    nmtzmxmamv* fme aokcn|ca.aokcn|ca zmeb non|oxohuvame aoaumtmme++ voxnmtua

    mebbcvm (|otmjeb zmeb non|uezmj matot xuvje vox`mfm| tunhox fmzm |onoxjevm`*+ fme |mxm |oeoevmeb (tonum |otmjeb kmjeezm*% Ncfok nchjkjtmtj voxnmtua wmxjmhok zmeb

    fjxmedmeb uevua non|oxiokmt |ckm matj ackoavjg zmeb fjkmauame cko` |otmjeb voxvoevu%

    Wmxjmhok jej noebmdu |mftm ao|oevjebme aokcn|ca+ vjebamv |oebcxbmejtmtjme+ hotmxezmtunhox fmzm zmeb mfm fj hmrm` aoefmkj ackoavjg+ toxvm |mfm aoton|mvme fme medmnme

    zmeb fj|mamj cko` |otmjeb.|otmjeb voxvoevu fmkmn `uhuebmeezm foebme |onoxjevm` fme

    aokcn|ca |otmjeb kmje%

    Hmbj Vjkkz xowckutj jmkm` amtut a`utut fmxj matj ackoavjg fjnmem aokcn|ca.aokcn|ca

    zmeb hoxtmjeb+ hoxiumeb uevua noefm|mvame aofmukmvme |ckjvja voxvjebbj mvmt nmtzmxmamv+

    fme amtut fj nmem aokcn|ca.aokcn|ca |oeoevmeb hox`mtjk+ toauxmeb.auxmebezm fmkmn

    =