Indonesia Submarine Cables

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Submarine Telecommunication Cable, Fiber Optic

Transcript of Indonesia Submarine Cables

  • 1. INDONESIA DOMESTIC BACKBONEPT. Telkom PT. Excelcomindo Pratama1. Jawa + Bali + Nusa Tenggara 1. Jawa + Bali + Nusa Tenggara --> 2000+ km -->2500+ km1. Sumatera --> 2200+ km 1. Sumatera-->1800+ km2. Kalimantan --> 600+ km 2. Kalimantan-->1000+ km3. Sulawesi --> 500+ km 3. Sulawesi-->1200+ km4. Submarine (domestic) --> 3600+ km 4. Submarine-->1700+ kmPT. Indosat1. Jawa + Bali + Nusa Tenggara -->1500+ km1. Sumatera-->2400+ km2. Kalimantan-->600+ km3. Sulawesi-->100? km4. Submarine (domestic)-->3200+ km (SMW, APCN excluded)
  • 2. Palapa Ring - Perusahaan operator telekomunikasi yg terlibat: Bakrie Telecom Tbk,Excelcomindo Pratama Tbk, Indosat Tbk, PT. Infokom Elektrindo, Macca SystemInfocom, Powertek Utama Internusa, dan Telekomunikasi Indonesia Tbk (Telkom)
  • 3. Palapa Ring - Perusahaan operator telekomunikasi yg terlibat: PT. Bakrie Telecom Tbk,PT. Excelcomindo Pratama Tbk, PT. Indosat Tbk, PT. Macca System Infocom, PT.Powertek Utama Internusa, dan PT. Telekomunikasi Indonesia Tbk (Telkom)
  • 4. Palapa Ring - Perusahaan operator telekomunikasi yg terlibat: PT. Bakrie Telecom Tbk, PT. Excelcomindo Pratama Tbk, PT. Indosat Tbk, PT. Macca System Infocom, PT. Powertek Utama Internusa, dan PT. Telekomunikasi Indonesia Tbk (Telkom)Palapa Ring merupakan megaproyek pembangunan tulang punggung (backbone) yangterdiri dari 35.280 kilometer serat optik bawah laut (submarine cable) dan 21.708kilometer serat optik bawah tanah (inland cable) pada 7 cincin (ring) melingkupi 33provinsi dan 460 kabupaten.Infrastrukur sepanjang 1.041 km yang menelan biaya 52 juta dollar AS tersebutmerupakan bagian dari konfigurasi proyek Palapa Ring yang telah dirintis oleh pemerintahsejak 2004.Di Kawasan Timur Indonesia (KTI) sendiri pembangunan Palapa Ring terdiri darisubmarine cable dan inland cable sepanjang 10.812 km yang menghubungkan Sulawesi,Nusa Tenggara, Maluku dan Papua.Telkom membangun link yang menghubungkan Mataram Kupang setelah menunjukHuawei Marine sebagai penyedia jaringan. Pembangunan yang diperkirakan selesai padaakhir November 2010 tersebut dilakukan melalui laut dengan kapasitas sampai dengan300 Gbps dan 6 landing point di kota Mataram, Sumbawa Besar, Raba, Waingapu danKupang serta 810 km melalui darat dengan 15 node di kota Mataram, Pringgabaya,Newmont, Taliwang, Sumbawa Besar, Ampang, Dompu, Raba, Labuhan Bajo, Ruteng,Bajawa, Ende, Maumere, Waingapu dan Kupang.
  • 5. Nusantara Super HighwayRing MKCS (Mataram-Kupang Cable System)"Mataram-Kupang" submarine cable system ("MKCS"). This system connects five islandsoff in the east of Indonesia and stretches about 1,200 km with an initial capacity of 4 10Gbit/s. Ring MKCS investment IDR112,363billion with 1.140 km "submarine" and"terrestrial" 1.415 km.6 Ring Nusantara Super Highway:1. Sumatra Ring length: 9,981 km spanning from the north tip of Sumatra: Banda Aceh to south tip:Bandar Lampung2. Java Ring length: 11,524 km spanning from the west tip of Java: Merak to east tip: Banyuwangi3. Kalimantan (Borneo) Ring: 6,664 km spanning from Pontianak to Tarakan4. Sulawesi (Celebes) to North Maluku Ring length: 7,233 km spanning from Makasar, Manado,Ternate to Sanana5. Bali and Nusa Tenggara Ring length: 3,444 km spanning from Denpasar, Mataram, Kupang toAtambua6. Maluku and Papua Ring length: 8,254 km spanning from Ambon, Fak-Fak, Sorong, Manokwari,Jayapura and Merauke.Ring no 1 to 4 were completed, ring 5 and 6 is currently in the midst of construction.Tahun 2011 membangun backbone fiber optic menghubungkan Manado, Ternate, Ambon, Fak Fak,Sorong, Manokwari, Jayapura, dan Fak Fak ke Timika. Tahun 2012 sudah dapat dioperasikan untukdaerah Ternate dan Ambon, project selesai pada 2014. Tahun 2015, jaringan Nusantara SuperHighway akan memiliki panjang tidak kurang dari 47.099 km, meliputi 421 kota/kabupaten atau 85persen dari kota/kabupaten di seluruh Indonesia.
  • 6. JASUKA (Jawa Sumatera - Kalimantan) - PT. Telkom Ring 1 : Jakarta, Tanjung Pakis, Tanjung Pandan, Pontianak, Batam, Dumai, Pekanbaru, Jambi, Palembang,Baturaja, Bandar Lampung Ring 2 : Medan, Tebing Tinggi, Rantau Prapat, Pekanbaru, Bukit Tinggi, Padang, Sibolga, Pematang Siantar Construction period : 2005 - 2006 Length : 10,080 km submarine, 780 km terrestrial Capacity : 20 Gbps initial (submarine), 10 Gbps initial (terrestrial), upgradable to 320 Gbps, 32 Lambdas possibly 1 or 2 FP (submarine)
  • 7. JaKa2LaDeMa (Jawa Kalimantan Sulawesi Denpasar - Makasar) PT. TELKOM Pontianak - Ketapang - Pangkalanbun - Bandjarmasin, Sangatta (Kalimantan ) Toweli (Sulawesi) - Jember, Java - Benculuk, Bali - Mataram,CAPEX : USD106,526million LombokCapacity : 320 GbpsLength : 1,836 km (total); (Ring 4 i.e. Pontianak-Ketapang-Pangkalan Bun-Banjarmasin -->1,198 km; Ring 8 i.e. Sangata-Donggala--> 326.4 km; DMCS i.e. Benduluk-Denpasar-Mataram --> 312 km. Contract signed : 30 December 2008. Successfully installed andtested by the end of April 2010. Opened for service May 2010.Ring JAKa2LaDeMa: "submarine" of 1.592 km; "terrestrial" of 330 km
  • 8. Batam Singapore Cable System (BSCS) PT. TELKOMBSCS is a submarine cable system connecting Batam Centre station (Batam) to Telin station(Singapore). The total system length is around 72.93 km, connecting the landing sites throughsix fiber pair cables, with stub cable is provided for future extension of the system. Initially, twofiber pair is equipped with four channels of 10Gb/s each realizing an initial capacity of 80Gb/s.Four other fiber pairs are purposely left as dark fibers for future expansion. At Batam, betweenthe BMH at Nongsa landing and Batam Center station, two distinguish land routes are utilizedto transmit/receive four 10Gb/s channels (40Gb/s) each. This design further increases thereliability of the system.
  • 9. DMCS PT. TELKOM Dumai Melaka Cable System (DMCS) is owned jointly by PT. Telkom and Telekom Malaysia. This was the second submarine cable project of PT. Telkom after the TIS (Thailand Indonesia Singapore) cable. Length approx. 160 km Contractor : NEC Corp. Capacity : design 320 Gbps, initial 20 Gbps protected (10 Gbps channels, 16 Lambdas, 2 FP), Unrepeatered system DMCS capacity in this time is 20 Gbps or equivalent by 121.000 maximum extension phone at a time and DMCS maximum capacity is 320 gigabit per second ( Gbps), equivalent by 3.870.720 extension phone at a time CAPEX : USD 9.3 - 11 mio. Construction: 06/2004 - 12/2004, official RfS 17/02/2005
  • 10. TIS PT. TELKOM TIS stands for Thailand Indonesia Singapore. As indicated by the name, it is an optical submarine cable spanning from Songkhla (Thailand) to Batam (Indonesia) via Changi (Singapore). TIS cable was the first submarine cable project of PT. Telkom. Operated since December 2003 Length: approx. 1,100 km Owners: consortium of SingTel, CAT Telecom, and PT. Telkom CAPEX: USD 36 mio. Capacity: design 320 Gbps, initial 30 Gbps Contractor: NEC Corp. Construction: 11/2002-12/2003 Repeatered and unrepeatered system
  • 11. Other Projects PT. TELKOM1. Backbone Serat Optik Sulawesi Kalimantan2. Backbone Serat Optik Sumatera ( Padang- Bengkulu)3. Jaringan Transport IP senilai US$ 71,8 juta4. Backbone fiber optic BSCS (Batam Singapore Cable System)5. Kapasitas 40 Gbps milik PT Telkom di Konsorsium AAG (Asia-America Gateway)6. Mataram-Kupang Cable System7. Consortium for Submarine Cable Construction of South-East Asia Japan Cable System (SJC) in Honolulu USA on last January 18, 2010.SJC will connect Singapore, Hong Kong, Japan and other Asian countries.The Submarine Cable to be installed uses the newest Submarine Cable technology with the capacity to transmit 64 WL (wavelength) at each fiber pair and 40 Gbps per WL so that the SJC submarine cable will have design capacity 17 Terabyte persecond (Tbps) able to upgrade up to 23 Tbps. It is planned that SJC will be handled by NEC and Tyco.The SJC consortium is composed of Brunei International Gateway Sendirian Berhad (BIG), China Mobile, ChinaTelecommunications Corporation (China Telecom), China Telecom (Hong Kong) International Ltd. (CTHKI, an Affiliate of ChinaTelecommunications Corporation), Donghwa Telecom Co., Ltd., Globe Telecom, Inc., Google SJC Bermuda Ltd. (a subsidiaryof Google Inc.), KDDI Corporation, Singapore Telecommunications Limited (SingTel), PT Telekomunikasi IndonesiaInternational (Telin), Telemedia Pacific Inc. (TPI), and TOT Public Co., Ltd. (TOT).SJC will be integrated with the Marine Cables (SKKL) owned by TelkomGroup either domestic or international. Domestic SKKLis Jasuka (Jawa-Sumatera-Kalimantan (land & sea), SUB (Surabaya-Ujung Pandang-Banjarmasin) and Jaka2LaDeMa (Jawa-Kalimantan-Sulawesi-Denpasar-Makasar), while International SKKL is Asia America Gateway (AAG), Batam Singapore CableSystem (BSCS), Thailand Indonesia Singapore Cable System (TIS) and Dumai Melaka Cable System (DMCS).
  • 12. BRCS XL AxiataBRCS stands for Batam Rengit CableSystem. It is a submarine optical cablelinking Batam (Kepri, ID) to Rengit (Johor,MY). The cable is owned by XL at ID sideand TM at MY side.CAPEX : about USD 10 mnDistance : 63 km (it shall actually belonger. Tapped to the existing cable onthe way)Construction : 04/2007 - 11/2007Capacity : one cable, 48 core (24 XL, 24TM), initially 1/STM-64 (10 Gb/s)
  • 13. XL Axiata NATION WIDE NETWORKBanda Aceh Q1 Y 2006 SDH RADIO 7+1 STM-1 Biruen SABAH NATUNA MEDAN Y 2007 Y 2007 Y 2007 TARAKAN S. Rengit Anambas Tiga Binanga MALAYSIA PENGGERANG Dumai MALAYSIA Y 2007 Y 2007 Submarine Q2-Y 2006 SDH 5+1 STM-1 MENADO G. Sitoli Kuching BATAM PEKANBARU Sanggata Q4-Y 2006 Bangkinang Optic GORONTALO Linggang Bingung PONTIANAK PADANG SORONG JAMBI Sungai Liat BALIKPAPAN PALU Kayu Aro Ketapang PALANGKARAYA Q2-Y 2006 SDH for 5+1 STM-1 JAYAPURA BENGKULU PALEMBANG Mentigi BANJARMASIN Y 2007 AMBON Muaraenim UJUNG PANDANGLEGEND P. Bawean BuloBulo TIMIKA Kalianda JAKARTA RADIO BACKBONE SEMARANG P.Madura R5 Tuban P.Kangean Sukabimi R4 R3 R2 BANDUNG MDIUN Surakarta SURABAYA R1 Malang MATARAM Kawindanae P.Lombok YOGYAKARTA MERAUKE Maumere 2007 DENPASAR Dompu OPTICAL INNER CITY NETWORK OPTICAL TRANSMISSION OPTICAL TRANSMISSION KUPANG Radio Backbone Transmission OPTICAL TRANSMISSION 2008 VSAT OPTICAL TRANSMISSION 2010 New SDH Radio 3+1 STM-1 OPTICAL INNER NETWORK Upgrade SDH Radio from 3+1 to 7+1 STM-1 ( STM-64) Upgrade SDH Radio from 3+1 to 8+0 STM-1 2009 New SDH Radio 3+1 STM-1 OPTICAL NETWORK ( STM-64) OPTICAL TRANSMISSION (STM-64)
  • 14. XL Axiata Fiber Optic Map
  • 15. INDOSAT TOPOLOGY JAKABARE merupakan jaringan kabel laut sepanjang lebih dari 1.300 kilometer, meliputi pulau Jawa, Kalimantan, Batam, dam Singapura.JAKABARE Kapasitas 160 Gbps hingga 640 Gbps 4 titik pendaratan di masing-masing pulau antara lain Tanjung Pakis (Karawang, Jawa Barat), Sungai Kakap (Pontianak, Kalimantan Barat), Tanjung Bemban (Batam), dan Changi (Singapura).
  • 16. INDOSAT TOPOLOGY
  • 17. JaKaSuSi (JAva KAlimantan SUlaweSI) Indosat Location: Banyu Urip (12.7 km), Takesung B1 (9.7 km), Takesung B2 (10.7 km), Aeng Batu Batu Length : 1.100 km Capacity : initial equipage 20 Gbps (2 FP x 1 [email protected]); design 12 Lambdas/FP (or 2FP)
  • 18. JASURAUS (JAkarta - SURabaya - AUStralia) IndosatJASURAUS is also known as APCN/A - or the Australian Extension of APCN. The 2,800 kmJASURAUS cable was built to meet the sophisticated telecommunications demands ofcustomers for new applications involving intemet, broadband and multimedia. Additionally,JASURAUS has the capacity to transmit some 60,000 simultaneous telephone conversations.The A$160 million cable was a cooperative venture between Telstra Corporation Limited, OptusCommunications, and PT Indosat.
  • 19. Asia-Pacific Cable Network (APCN) - Indosat Asia-Pacific Cable Network is a submarine telecommunications cable system linking nine Asian countries. It has landing points in: 1. Petchaburi, Thailand 2. Mersing, Malaysia 3. Changi, Singapore 4. Ancol, Indonesia 5. Lantau, Hong Kong 6. Batangas, Philippines 7. Toucheng, Taiwan 8. Pusan, Korea 9. Miyazaki, Japan It has a transmission capacity of 5 Gbit/s, and a total cable length of approximately 12,083 km. It started operation on 1997. Operator: Indosat - Telstra - Optus
  • 20. JASURAUS Asia-Pacific Cable Network (APCN)Technical Details Technical DetailsCapacity 5.332 Gbit/s RFS Date January 1997Total cable length 2,800 km Capacity 5.332 Gbit/s per fibre pair (2 X STMNumber of Fibre Pairs 1 Pair 16)Repeater Design Alcatel - Optical Total cable length 12,083 kmAmplification Number of Fibre Pairs 2 PairNumber of Repeaters : 34 Manufacturer System 1 & 3: KDD-SCSMean Repeater Spacing: 82 km and AT&T-SSITransmission Capacity: 2 x STM16 or System 2: Alcatel Submarine Networks32 x 155.52 Mbit/s Repeater Design Optical AmplificationSystem Design Life 25 years Number of Repeaters : 153Maximum Depth : 6,550 m Mean Repeater Spacing: (a) max. 90 kmLanding Points : Cooke Point, Port (b) min. 74 kmHedland, W A; Ancol, Jakarta, Indonesia Transmission Capacity : 2 x STM16 or 32 x 155.52 Mbit/s System Design Life 25 years Maximum Depth 6,300 m
  • 21. SEA-ME-WE 1 & 2 - Indosat Owners of the SEA-MEWE 2 Cable system counted sixty (60) from all public and private telecommunication administrations from forty seven (47) countries. It was directly connected 13 countries (Singapore, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, Djibouti, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Cypress, Turkey, Italy, Tunisia, Algeria and France) on three continents. The Project was commenced in 1988 and it was completed after six years in June 1994. Total investment is around S$800M. At that time it was the longest fiber optic undersea cable system ever laid. ItOn 14 February 1984, a consortium of 22 telecommunications was aroundadministrations from 21 countries signed the agreement for the 18,000 kilometers long. The cable system was dividedconstruction, operation and maintenance of the South-East Asia - in to seven Segments.Middle-East - Western Europe Submarine Cable System. Fiber optical cables with regenerative repeaters wereThe Submarine Cable System has eight segments linking Singapore to used to transport digital signals. Multiple access methodFrance via Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Djibouti, Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Italy. used was Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA) withAt a length of about 13,000 km and costing over S$800 million. PDH technology. Transmission wavelength is 1.55 nm at 565 Mbps per pair of fibers.Segment A:- Singapore - Indonesia 641 km with 70 repeaters laid by CSVercors and manufactured by Submarcom. Opened for service 15 The Cable System was Decommissioned on OctoberNovember 1984. Capacity 1260 circuits. 2006 after 12 years of service.Segment B:- Indonesia - Sri Lanka 2638 km with 223 repeaters, laid byCS Cable Venture and manufactured by NEC. Opened for service 31 SEA-ME-WE 2: SEGMENT 1: Singapore IndonesiaDecember 1985. Capacity 1080 circuits. System 1040 km. SEA-ME-WE 2 was WFS Oct 2006. Capacity 2 x 560 Mb/sMultiple access method used was Frequency Division Multiple Access(FDMA). The Capacity was SEA-ME-WE 2: SEGMENT 2.1, 2.2, 2.3 Indonesia - Srimeasured with number of 4kHz BW channels. The cable system was Lanka Indiadecommissioned June 1999. System 5465 km. Capacity: 2 x 560 Mb/s
  • 22. SEA-ME-WE 3 Indosat segment 14 & 16SEA-ME-WE 3 or South-East Asia - Middle East - Western Europe 3 is an optical submarinetelecommunications cable linking those regions and is the longest in the world, completed in late 2000. It wascommissioned in March 2000. In November 1997 C&MA was signed by 92 International telecommunicationadministrations. It includes 39 landing points in 33 countries and 4 continents from Germany to Australia.It is 39,000 kilometres (24,000 m) in length and uses Wavelength Division Multiplexing (WDM) technology withSynchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) transmission to increase capacity and enhance the quality of the signal,especially over long distances (this cable stretches from North Germany to Australia and Japan). The cablesystem itself has two fibre pairs, each carrying (as of May 2007) 48 wavelengths of 10 Gbit/s
  • 23. Moratelindo International Link - MORATEL
  • 24. Moratelindo International Link - MORATEL The MIC-1 (Moratelindo International Cable-system One) has been operated commercially once the project finished in January 2008. The system will cover the 70km fibre- optic link between Batam Island and Singapore with the transmission capacity of more then 10 GB. Moratelindo Batam - Dumai Cable System The Project MBDC is a 24 Core Fiber Optic link which connects the 330 kilometers Batam and Dumai. The link is using DWDM (Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing) technology with maximum capacity of 8 Lambda (8 x 10 Gbps) and consist of both Submarine and Inland Cable that branches out to Malaka in Malaysia.
  • 25. MORATEL DOMESTIC LINE
  • 26. MORATEL DOMESTIC LINE
  • 27. PGASCOMPGASCOM was developed to serve the changes in the need for telecommunication networks inSumatera and Java Area.The Company manages its network and optics along 1300 km from Singapore to Batam, Jambi, Grissik,Prabumulih, Bandar Lampung, Kalianda, Anyer, to Cilegon. Next June, Pgascom will build fiber opticnetwork from Cilegon to Jakarta.With a capacity of 160 Gbps, Pgascom selling bandwidth to telecom operators, mobile operators, networkaccess providers and large corporations.PGASCOM menggunakan kabel fiber optik 96 core standar G 654 (Submarine) dengan pelindung baja Double Armouredyang ditanam pada kedalaman 1,5 meter di bawah dasar laut. Infrastruktur kabel optik ditanam pada pipa gas milik indukperusahaan, juga diproteksi dengan timbunan bebatuan (rock dumping) sehingga aman dari gangguan jangkar kapal.
  • 28. TOPOLOGY ICON+
  • 29. TOPOLOGY ICON+
  • 30. Matrix Cable System (MCS) Matrix Cable System (MCS) spans 1055km from Singapore to Jakarta, with one active branch in Batam. Between Singapore and Jakarta: have 60Gbps lit capacity and 2.5Tbps maximum design capacity. Two additional Branching Units provide the ability to extend the network to Perth/Australia and to other existing cable or SE Asian destinations. Capacity: 4 fibre pairs each carrying 64 x 10 Gb/s. Maximum capacity 2.6 Tb/s DWDM. Matrix Networks Pte. Ltd. 55 Changi North Crescent, Singapore 499628 Tel : +65 6898 8888 Fax : +65 6543 3648 Email : [email protected] PT. NAP Info Lintas Nusa Menara Kadin, 7th floor, Jl. H.R. Rasuna Said, Kav 2-3 Jakarta 12950 - Indonesia Tel : +62 21 300 60 900 Fax : +62 21 5790 3906 Email : [email protected] URL : www.nap.net.id
  • 31. Submarine Cable Asia Network (SCAN) Telemedia Pacific Group An undersea cable approximately 4000 km in length, connecting Hong Kong to Jakarta (landing at Pantai Mutiara). Comprises six fiber pairs, each capable of carrying 96 X 10Gbps wavelengths, giving the system a total design capacity of 5.76 Tbps Includes a branching unit positioned to allow connection to the rapidly-growing Vietnam market System construction has been contracted to NEC, a premier supplier of undersea systems. Estimated ready-for-service by February 2012. SURABAYA suspended Landing points : Surabaya, Jakarta, Hong Kong; extension to SG, VN, PH. Length : appx. 4,300 km 4 BUs (3 reserved to branch to SG, VN, PH) 6 fibre pairs Capacity: initial 40 Gbps, design 1.92 Tbps, 5.76 Tb/s total capacity Construction plan: begin 1st half of 2009, the new cable is scheduled to be completed by the end of 2011. CAPEX : appx. USD 200 million This project is a collaboration between NEC Japan, Fangbian Iskan Corporindo, and Telemedia Pacific, Hong Kong.
  • 32. Southeast Asia Japan Cable (SJC) Telemedia Pacific Group The Southeast Asia Japan Cable (SJC) to provide a high-capacity information conduit between Singapore and Japan, with branches to China/Hong Kong, Philippines, Brunei, Thailand, and Indonesia. An undersea cable spanning up to 10,700km in length Trunk cable comprises six fiber pairs, with an initial design capacity of over 15 Tbps Construction of the system has been contracted to NEC of Japan and Tyco of the US Estimated to be ready-for-service in 2H 2013 Ms Winnie Lam Tel: +852-6693-1191 Fax: +852-2342-1741 Email: [email protected] Hady Hartanto, Chairman & CEO, founded the company in 2008.Having been in the business of building enterprises for more than 20 years, Mr Hartanto has extensiveknowledge of business management across varied industries, such as in the financial investment services,manufacturing and petro-chemical sectors. He currently holds senior management positions in JIC WoodLtd and Guangcai Energy (HK) Ltd. Mr Hartanto graduated from the Airlangga University with a degree inSocial and Political Science.
  • 33. PACNET EAC EAC-C2C, integrated state-of-the-art fiber optic submarine cable network spanning 36,800 kilometers between Hong Kong, China, Korea, Japan, Taiwan, the Philippines and Singapore. EAC-C2C has a design capacity of 17.92 Tbps to 30.72 Tbps to and from each of the landing countries with continuous upgrades underway. The integration of EAC and C2C into a single system with multiple landings and PoPs (Points-of-Presence).
  • 34. PACNET EAC