Ppg Pak Dewa

download Ppg Pak Dewa

of 14

  • date post

    03-Mar-2016
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    23
  • download

    0

Embed Size (px)

description

Program gizi

Transcript of Ppg Pak Dewa

SKEMA DAUR PERENCANAAN PROGRAM GIZI BERDASARKAN DAUR PEMECAHAN MASALAH

PERENCANAAN PROGRAM GIZI

Oleh:I Dewa Nyoman Supariasa, MPS(Dosen Jurusan Gizi)

Kementerian Kesehatan RIPoliteknik Kesehatan Kemenkes MalangJl. Besar Ijen 77 C Malang

PERENCANAANPerencanaan : bagian dari suatu manajemen, dikenal sebagai suatu proses, sebab merupakan suatu rangkaian aktifitas dari suatu tujuan tertentu.Sifat dari suatu perencanaanHolistikRealistikKontinyuAktual Tujuan dari proses Perencanaan : sebagai out line / garis besar dari suatu aktifitas agar sesuai dengan rencana, efektif dan efisien.Perencanaan gizi : komponen utama dari proses perencanaan yang terdiri dari kesatuan langkah yang terorganisirIntervensi gizi : suatu kegiatan yang terencana, dengan tujuan memperbaiki gizi dari suatu grup populasi yang spesifik.

Tempat Perencanaan3. Perencanaan Program (program planning)2. Perencanaan Operasional (operational planning)1. Perencanaan kebijakan (policy planning)

Manejemen PuncakManajemen TengahManajemen BawahTAHAP-TAHAP MEMBUATPERENCANAANMEMETAKAN TUJUANMENGUMPULKAN DATA SERTA PENETAPAN DUGAAN/RAMALANMENETAPKAN ALTERNATIF CARA BERTINDAKMENGADAKAN PENILAIAN ALTERNATIFMEMILIH ALTERNATIF

SKEMA DAUR PERENCANAAN PROGRAM GIZI BERDASARKAN DAUR PEMECAHAN MASALAHPENGUMPULAN DATAPROSES ANALISA / INTERPRETASI DATANEMENUKAN MASALH(BESAR,SIAPA, DIMANA,KEPARAHAN)TIDAK TERCAPAIMENEMUKAN KEBERHASILAN PROGRAMEVALUASIPELAKSANAAN KEGIATANMENYUSUN RENCANA PEMECAHAN MASALAHMENYUSUN RENCANA PELAKSANAANMENYUSUN PRIORITAS MASALAHMENYUSUN CARA PEMECAHAN MASALAHMENENTUKAN PRIORITAS CARA PEMECAHAN MASALAHMENGUJI CARA PEMECAHAN MASALAH YANG TERBAIKMENENTUKAN CARA PEMECAHAN MASALAHTERCAPAISEBAGIANMODIFIKASITERCAPAIPROSES PERENCANNA GIZIPRE IDENTIFICATIONTinjauan PustakaIDENTIFICATIONIdentifikasiPREPERATIONPersiapanAPPRAISALPenilaianAPROVALPersetujuanEVALUATIONPenilaianIMPLEMENTATIONPelaksanaanPROBLEM SOLVING CYCLE (BRYANS)

ANALISA INTERPRETASI PENGUMPULAN DATA GIZI PENETAPAN MASALAH EVALUASIIMPLEMENTASIPILIH ALTERNATIF TERBAIKALTERNATIF PEMECAHAN MASALAHPENETAPAN PRIORITAS COMMUNITY CONCERPREVALENCESERIOUSNESSMANAGER ABILITYPENETAPAN OBJEKTIFPEMILIHAN POPULASI / TARGET The Triple A CycleASSESSMENTOf the Situation of Children and WomenANALYSISOf the Cause of the Problem

ACTIONBased on the Analysis and Available ResourcesFilosofi Jenis Data Yang DikumpulkanPengumpulan Jenis Data1. Mengapa diperlukan?2. Untuk apa?3. Siapa yang mengumpulkan?4. Bagaimana Metodenya?5. Bagaimana menyimpulkan?6. Kalau tidak ada data tersebut. Apakah mengganggu perencanaan?Disesuaikan:1. Tujuan survey2. RelevansiDikumpulkan jenis data yang penting1. Banyak data belum tentu baik.2. Sedikit data belum tentu jelek.Berguna untuk diagnosis dan perencanaanCause of Malnutrition and DeathFormal and Non-Formal InstitutionsPotensial ResourcesMalnutrition and DeathInadequate Dietary IntakeDiseaseInsufficient Household Food SecurityInadequateMaternal & Chil CareInsufficient Health Services & UnhealthyManifestationsImmediate CauseUnderlying Cause

Basic CauseEconomic Structure Schema showing main linkages between the food system and individual nutritional/health status.FOOD PRODUCTION & AVAILABILITY IN SOCIETYFOOD PRODUCTION & AVAILABILITY IN THE COMMUNITY & THE HOUSEHOLDUTILIZATION OF FOOD BY THE FAMILYUTILIZATION OF FOOD BY THE INDIVIDUAL

NUTRITIONAL/ HEALTH STATUS OF INDIVIDUAL

production resources labor inputs distribution networks (marketing system) trade/aid processing/national storageOwn production money income/income in kind (intrahousehold distribution) processing, preservation market acces, storage, prices culture/tradition/religionPerceived household needIntrahousehold distribution preparation and cooking time constrains different members access to fuel and water culture/traditional/religionDemographic structureHealth/disease status nutrient status food preferences child care/time constraintsDisease resistance work capacity and demands social functioning adaptationExtension/credit rural development & institutional changes agricultural technical inputs package resource ownership policies, especially and access/tenure state minitoring and control of markets trae/aid policies fortification/uality controlIncome/employment food subsidies, rations, direct feeding income transfers price: food/non-food food marketing/distribution storage/processsingSocial services housing/fuel/water/waste promotion/advertising distribution systemsPublichealth program environmental health child care assistance creche, maternal leave food quality controlLabor/patterns work output/wages mechanization social organization work/leisureNutrition factorsSocial and ecological determinants Programs/policies The Food and Nutrition System (A Conceptual Framework)Environmental sustainabilityPolitics Policies Resource allocationEDUCATIONEMPLOYMENTFOOD PRODUTION & PROCESSINGFOOD SUPPLY IN THE COMMUNITYMARKETING DISTRIBUTION AND PRIE POLICYINCOMEFOOD VAILABILITY IN THE FAMILYFOOD INTAKE OF INDIIDUALSNutrition & HEALTHNATIONAL COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENTHealth delivery system social serviceEnvironmental Safe water, waste di sposalFamily Charing capacity Food habits

Revised Conceptual Framework for Subject Matter Identification for Food and Nutrition PlanningComponent of Food and Nutrion System

Food Supply

Food Distribution

Food Consumption

Biological Utilization

Nutrional StatusAnimal/Crop Postharvest Export/ImportFood Agriculture and Rural Development Integrative: 1 Food, Nutrion, and Health Programs 2 Planning Management of Food and Nutrion Programs Market System Price Policies Purchasing Power InformationFood and Nutrion EconomicsEnvironmental Sanitation Immunization Safe Water Health StatusHuman NutrionFood Habits Socio-Cultural PopulasiCommunication and Extension Sociology of Food and Nutrion Research Methodology and Applied StatisticsFactorsSubject MalterPlanningOrganizingStaffingEvaluatingDirecting/CoordinatingReporting

Thank You