Manual Penggunaan GIS ... Manual ArcGIS Tingkat Dasar Contents Bab I. Pengantar Pemetaan dan GIS...

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Transcript of Manual Penggunaan GIS ... Manual ArcGIS Tingkat Dasar Contents Bab I. Pengantar Pemetaan dan GIS...

  • Manual Penggunaan GIS

    Musnanda Satar 1

    Manual ArcGIS Tingkat Dasar

    Contents Bab I. Pengantar Pemetaan dan GIS ....................................................................................................... 4

    Prinsip-prinsip Dasar Pemetaan .......................................................................................................... 4

    Proyeksi Peta dan Sistem Koordinat ................................................................................................... 6

    Klasifikasi Proyeksi dibedakan berdasarkan karakteristik distorsi .................................................. 7

    Konsep Dasar GIS .............................................................................................................................. 10

    Hardware ...................................................................................................................................... 10

    Software ........................................................................................................................................ 10

    Data ............................................................................................................................................... 10

    Brainware/Sumberdaya Manusia ................................................................................................. 10

    Menggapa GIS? ................................................................................................................................. 12

    Pengenalan Penggunaan Aplikasi GIS Dalam Berbagai Bidang ......................................................... 13

    Aplikasi GIS Pada Bidang Pemerintahan ....................................................................................... 13

    Aplikasi GIS Bidang Bisnis .............................................................................................................. 13

    Aplikasi GIS Pada Bidang Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam ............................................................ 14

    Bab II. Data GIS ...................................................................................................................................... 16

    Sumber-sumber data GIS .................................................................................................................. 16

    Tipe data spatial ................................................................................................................................ 17

    Sumber-sumber Data ............................................................................................................................ 18

    Sumber Data Online ArcGIS .............................................................................................................. 18

    Data Demografi ................................................................................................................................. 19

    Data Citra/Imagery ............................................................................................................................ 19

    Bab III. Metadata dalam GIS ................................................................................................................. 20

    Pengertian Metadata ........................................................................................................................ 20

    Metadata dalam ArcGIS .................................................................................................................... 21

    Bekerja dengan ArcCatalog ........................................................................................................... 21

    Membuat Metadata .......................................................................................................................... 23

    Bab IV. Pengenalan ArcGIS .................................................................................................................... 31

    Kerangka Dasar ................................................................................................................................. 31

    Fungsi Dasar ...................................................................................................................................... 32

    Mengelola Data dengan ArcCatalog ............................................................................................. 32

  • Manual Penggunaan GIS

    Musnanda Satar 2

    Membuka ArcMap ........................................................................................................................ 35

    Menambahkan Layer .................................................................................................................... 36

    Menampilkan Tabel ...................................................................................................................... 37

    Mengatur Tampilan Layer ............................................................................................................. 40

    Menampilkan Label ....................................................................................................................... 41

    Bab V. Pengolahan Data Spatial dengan ArcGIS ................................................................................... 43

    Spatial Reference .............................................................................................................................. 43

    Konversi Data .................................................................................................................................... 48

    Editing Data Spatial ........................................................................................................................... 53

    Pengolahan Data Tabular .................................................................................................................. 60

    Input Data Dengan Digitasi ............................................................................................................... 67

    Mengubah Sistem Proyeksi ............................................................................................................... 72

    Bab VI. Analisis Spatial dengan ArcGIS .................................................................................................. 75

    Analisis Spatial .................................................................................................................................. 75

    Langkah-langkah Analisis dengan ArcGIS .......................................................................................... 76

    Extract (Clip) ...................................................................................................................................... 77

    Overlay (Indentity) ............................................................................................................................ 79

    Proximity (Buffer) .............................................................................................................................. 81

    Statistics (Frequency) ........................................................................................................................ 83

    Extension dalam ArcGIS .................................................................................................................... 84

    Bab VII. Layout Peta dan Pencetakan ................................................................................................... 87

    Langkah-langkah Layout Peta ........................................................................................................... 87

    Pencetakan Peta ............................................................................................................................... 97

    Bab VIII. Penggunaan GPS ..................................................................................................................... 99

    Pengenalan GPS ................................................................................................................................ 99

    Pengambilan data spatial dengan GPS ........................................................................................... 100

    Pengolahan data GPS dengan ArcGIS ............................................................................................. 104

    Bab. IX Aplikasi GIS Bidang Perencanaan Pembangunan ................................................................... 108

    Latar Belakang ................................................................................................................................. 108

    Tujuan ............................................................................................................................................. 110

    Metode dan Pendekatan Umum .................................................................................................... 110

    Analisis Kesesuaian Lahan untuk HTI .............................................................................................. 110

    Hasil Analisis Studi HTI .................................................................................................................... 120

    Bab. X. Pengantar WebGIS .................................................................................................................. 122

  • Manual Penggunaan GIS

    Musnanda Satar 3

    Pengembangan WebGIS ................................................