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KECAKAPAN HIDUP PADA BUKU TEKS PERSONAL SKILLS SOCIAL SKILLS ACADEMIC SKILLS VOCASIONAL SKILLS beriman kepada Tuhan YME, berakhlak mulia, berpikir rasional, memahami diri sendiri, percaya diri, bertanggung jawab, menghargai dan menilai diri. kecakapan bekerjasama, menunjukkan tanggung jawab sosial, mengendalika n emosi, berinteraksi dalam budaya lokal dan global, berinteraksi dalam masyarakat, meningkatkan potensi fisik, membudayakan sikap sportif, membudayakan sikap disiplin, membudayakan sikap hidup sehat. menguasai pengetahuan , menggunakan metode dan penelitian ilmiah, bersikap ilmiah, mengembangk an kapasitas sosial untuk belajar sepanjang hayat, mengembangk an berpikir strategis, berkomunika si secara ilmiah, memperoleh kompetensi lanjut akan ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi, membudayaka n berpikir dan berperilaku ilmiah, keterampila n yang berkaitan dengan kejuruan (misalnya menjahit, bertani, beternak, dan otomotif), keterampila n bekerja, keterampila n kewirausaha an, keterampila n menguasai teknologi informasi dan komunikasi (TIK), keterampila n merangkai alat.
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Transcript of Bahasa Inggris

KECAKAPAN HIDUP PADA BUKU TEKS

PERSONAL SKILLS beriman kepada Tuhan YME, berakhlak mulia, berpikir rasional, memahami diri sendiri, percaya diri, bertanggung jawab, menghargai dan menilai diri.

SOCIAL SKILLS kecakapan bekerjasama, menunjukkan tanggung jawab sosial, mengendalikan emosi, berinteraksi dalam budaya lokal dan global, berinteraksi dalam masyarakat, meningkatkan potensi fisik, membudayakan sikap sportif, membudayakan sikap disiplin, membudayakan sikap hidup sehat.

ACADEMIC SKILLS menguasai pengetahuan, menggunakan metode dan penelitian ilmiah, bersikap ilmiah, mengembangkan kapasitas sosial untuk belajar sepanjang hayat, mengembangkan berpikir strategis, berkomunikasi secara ilmiah, memperoleh kompetensi lanjut akan ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi, membudayakan berpikir dan berperilaku ilmiah, membudayakan berpikir kreatif, membudayakan berpikir dan berperilaku ilmiah secara mandiri, menggunakan teknologi, menggunakan pengetahuan dan nilai-nilai untuk mengambil keputusan yang tepat.

VOCASIONAL SKILLS

keterampilan yang berkaitan dengan kejuruan (misalnya menjahit, bertani, beternak, dan otomotif), keterampilan bekerja, keterampilan kewirausahaan, keterampilan menguasai teknologi informasi dan komunikasi (TIK), keterampilan merangkai alat.

Look Ahead 1Unit 1. Texts / dialogs / expressions P.2 Getting started A. Enjoy this. Read the comic strip and practice the conversation with your friend B. Your turn. Make a conversation about your last holiday 1. What did you do last weekend/last holiday? 2. Where did you go? PS S AS VS

P.3 3. Who did you go with? 4. What did you go there?

5. How did you feel after you did your activities?

Vocabulary and Pronounciation A. Try this. Listen and repeat B. Try this. Fill in the blanks with the above words. 1. The___________is where you can see goods being loaded and unloaded from ships. 2. Our teacher is taking us to the___________where eggs are hatched artificially. 3. The farmer grow grapes in a___________ 4. It is interesting to see how food is canned in a___________ 5. An___________is the place where bee kept. 6. Sally is taking sick leave. Dhe is staying in a___________for her recovery. 7. A___________sells bread, cakes, cookies and pastries. 8. A place where people grow apples or oranges is

called___________9. The ship is being repaired in the ___________ 10. Dead bodies are buried in a___________

P.4 C. Active listening Listen to Mike, telling his excursion to Bogor Botanic Garden. Fill in the blanks and answer the Bogor Botanic Garden All right, everybody, Ill tell you about this great place. On Friday (1) ___________ we went to (2) ___________ Bogor Garden. We went there by bus and we arrived at that (3) ___________ garden at 10 oclock. Arriving at the garden, we were divided into two groups. Group A followed Mrs Nina and Group B followed Mr Ahmad. I was in Group A. Well, (4) ___________ we went to the odd tropical plants and Mrs Nina read us some of the information. Then, we looked at all the (5) ___________ plants. After that, we went to a little spot near the Raffless cemetery and (6) ___________ morning tea. Next, we did some sketching and then we (7) ___________ Group B at the information center to have our lunch. Soon, it was time for us to go to the orchid section while Group B (8) ___________ some research on flowers. Uhm . . . A lady led us to the orchid section. Then, she (9) ___________ about many kinds of orchid. (10) ___________ , we had a look at the Indonesian orchid. Wow, we saw many kinds of Indonesian

orchids. They were all beautiful. Later, we took a look at the American, (11) ___________ , and Asian orchids section. It was (12) ___________ . Soon after we had finished our observations, we went back outside and met Group B. (13) ___________ we got on the bus and returned to school. We really enjoyed the trip to Bogor Botanic Garden. (Source: Encarta) Find out:1. 2.

What is an excursion? When and how did they go to Bogor Botanic Garden?

3.

What time did they arrive at Bogor Botanic Garden?

P.54.

What group did the writer follow and who was the leader?

5.

Complete the following sentences: .. to the odd tropical plants. .. at all lovely plants. .. we had morning tea. .. sketching. Then we went to .. Finally, .. and returned to school.

Get It Right 1. Greetings and leave-taking Ways to say it Greetings and leave-taking

Look again at the text about An Excursion to Bogor Botanic Garden. Pay attention to the first sentence (i.e. All right everybody, Ill tell you about this great place.) You can use this first sentence to open a conversation before you share your past experience to others. However, you can also use greeting to open a conversation and use leavetaking for closing. Formal greeting: Good morning (until about lunch time, or before 12 a.m.). Good afternoon (12-6 p.m.). Good evening (until about 9 p.m.). Good morning, sir.

Note: Do not use Good day, except in Australia. Informal greeting: Hi, Lizzy! Morning. Jim! Hello. ;1

Initial greetings: How are you? Hows it going? How are you doing? Hows life?

Responding to initial greetings: Very well, thank you and how are you? Im good/okay/alright. Very well, thank you. Oh, pretty good. Not too bad, thanks. Fine, thanks. Excellent.

Pre-closing:

OK then Ive got to go now. So, Ill see you next week. I think Id better be going now. Well, its time for me to leave. I think its already late at night. I must be going home.

P.6 Closing/leave-taking Goodbye (formal/informal). Bye-bye; Bye; Bye now; See you. Take care. See you later ---Fine See you soon ---OK See you tonight --- All right Good night (after 8 p.m. or retiring to bed)

Note: Do not use Good evening for leave-taking. Use Good night. Goodbye John, and all the best (to someone whos leaving for a long time). Goodbye Peter, and good luck (to someone whos leaving for a long time). A. ACTIVE LISTENING Listen to the cassette and fill in the blanks. Act out this conversation. Situation 1 Soraya meets Adam at the cafeteria. Soraya : Hello, Adam. How are you (1)

___________ ? Adam Soraya Adam lunch? Soraya : Yes, I have. Id better be going, or : Fine, thanks. How are you? : Im very well. Thank you. : Have you (2) ___________ your

Ill be (3) ___________ at my office. Goodbye, Adam. Adam tomorrow. : Goodbye, Soraya. See you

Situation 2 In the banquet room was a group of we/I-dressed people chatting among themselves. Soraya approached one of them. Soraya : Good morning, Do you know who : Shes over there. : Thank you. (Soraya went up to

Susan Brandy is? Adam Soraya

her). Hi. I am Soraya. How do you do? Susan : Hello, Soraya. This is Peter and Teddy. Im sure youve (4) ___________ of them. Soraya Peter : How do you do, sir? : Hello. My wife has (5)

___________ me a great deal about you. Soraya Peter : Nothing too terrible I hope, sir. : On the contrary. She has said only

good things about you. Soraya : Thank you, sir. (She turns to

Teddy). Good afternoon, sir.

P.7 Teddy Soraya you, sir. Teddy : Thank you. Youre (7) ___________ very well. : Hello, Soraya. : Its a (6) ___________ to meet

Soraya

: So are you, sir. Im so sorry about

what happened (8) ___________ Teddy : Thank you. Are you set up here to take care of all of us? Soraya : Oh, yes. I think we can make

everyone (9) ___________ Teddy : Thats good. Sorry but I would like to get freshened up. Soraya : Of course. It was (10)

___________ to meet you. Teddy : Well, good night. B. TRY THIS Read and give a response to the following expressions.1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

How are you doing? Hello. See you tomorrow. Goodbye. See you about seven, then. Good night. See you later. How do you do? See you soon.

C. TRY THIS To end the conversation, what would you say to someone. 1. Youre going to see in the evening. 2. Whos going away for a long time. 3. Youre just leaving. 4. Youve just been introduced to. 5. You know well and meet on the street. 6. You havent seen for a long time. 7. You are leaving at 9.30 p.m. 8. You are going to see the next day.

P.8 Ways to say it Expressing feelings Expressing Happiness: formal Oh, Im so happy. I cant say how pleased I am. I had a splendid time there. What a marvelous place Ive ever seen. Its an outstanding adventure. Its an interesting experience. Its a sensational trip.

Expressing happiness: Great! Exciting Fantastic! Super! Terrific! Smashing! (British English) Hey, thats terrific/great.

Expressing boredom: Forrnal I think it was a boring holiday. It sounds boring. Its totally/awfully boring. Im rather bored. How boring! I dont think the trip was very interesting. Im fed up with it. Its totally boring. The film was awfully boring. How boring!

Expressing boredom: Informal

How unexciting! Im fed up with all your grumbling! Dull. Not interesting. Thats very disappointing. I must say Im really disappointed. Its a great disappointment. Thats too bad.

Expressing disappointment: Formal

Expressing disappointment: informal Oh, no! Thats too bad. Thats a real shame/pity. Its a real shame. Bad luck!

D. ACTIVE LISTENING.Listen to the conversations. Then answer the following questions. Conversation 1a. b. c.

Where did the woman go on the weekend? Was she pleased with her weekend? What does marvelous mean?

Conversation 2a. b.

Who are the speakers? What did the woman try to express?

P.9 Conversation 3a. b.

Where does the conversation take place? What does the conversation imply?

E. ENJOY THIS Make a short conversation based on these situations. You have a lot of homework and you feel bored

and want some refreshments. You failed in your driving test three times. You are reluctant to take the test again. F. ENJOY THIS Tell your friend about the following situations and ask your friend to give response to your statement. Use suitable gambits of expressing feeling. The trip to Bali has been cancelled due to bad weather. The plane was cancelled due to a mechanical problem. The tickets for the football championship were sold out. You cant see the manager because he is not here today.

2. Personal recount G. ENJOY THIS Read the following text. Then, answer the following questions. I think my first memories began when I started school at about five years old. I lived in a suburb of Sydney. I had a happy childhood. I remember playing in a big garden. I fell from a big tree and broke my hand. I remember I had a naughty friend named Giant-0 , because he was fat. He liked hitting and pulling my head. It was so pathetic. One day I hit him over the head with my bag. His parents were very angry with me. But I didnt feel sorry at all at that time. Nevertheless, since then Giant-O has become my good friend. It was such an unforgettable childhood.

(Adapted from: Kernel Three)

P.10 Find out: a. TRUE OR FALSE Are these statements True or False?1.

(__ ) When she was a child she fell from a tree and broke her head.

2.

(__ ) She was living outside Sydney when she was a child.

3.

(__ ) The teacher was very angry with the boy because he hit her.

b. Find the words or phrases in the text as defined below.1. 2. 3.

What we remember. Part of a town or city not near the center. The time when you were a child.

c. Work in pairs to complete and answer the following questions. 1. What happened when she _______ from the tree? 2. How did she ______ him over the head? 3. What did her friend used to ________? 4. When did she start _______? d. Can you remember something from your childhood similar to what she had? Work in pairs, tell each other some of your experiences when you were a child. 3. Asking if someone remembers or not

Ways to say it Asking if someone remembers or not Formal expressions: I wonder if you remember

You remember ..., dont you? You havent forgotten ..., have you? Dont you remember ...? Do you happen to remember it now?

Ways to respond: Let me think, yes, I remember. I remember especially the scenery. Ill never forget that. Ill always remember. I can remember it clearly.

P.11 Informal expressions : Remember the old house we used to live in? Remember that? Im sorry I dont remember

Ways to responds: Hold on. Yes, got it! I know Its coming back to me now Sorry, Ive completely forgotten. Im afraid I forget. I really cant remember. Im afraid I have no memory of him. Err, let me think. No, its gone. Sorry, it slipped off my mind.

Response if you torget:

H. WORK IN PAIRS Complete these conversations with the expressions of remember/forget. Practice the conversations with your friends.

1. In a classroom Teacher Students : Good morning, everybody! :

_______________________________ Teacher you today? Student I : Im sorry sir, ____________________________ Teacher : And you? : Do you bring your dictionaries with

____________________________ it, either? Student 2 : I do, sir. I bring mine, __________________ what you told us last week. Teacher : Good student!

2. It was Sunday morning, Wati got dressed and had breakfast quick/y. She was ready to leave for school. Her mother was a little puzzled. Mother school? Wati hurry Mother : : Oh, my goodness. I thought its a : Yes, Mom. I overslept. Im in a : Hey...hey... are you going to

_______________________________ Wati

school day! 3. Tinas father wants to make a call to INTAN travel agent for a plane ticket. He doesnt remember the phone number. Father : Tin,

____________________________? Tina : Sorry Dad.

____________________________ Why dont you look it up in the Yellow Pages

or ask the directory assistance?

P.12 I. WORK IN PAIRS Read the following announcement. Then, have a conversation with your friend. Condolences We wish to express our deepest condolences on the passing of Amir Daud The first chief editor of The Jakarta Post (78 years of age) on Saturday, Sept. 9, 2006.

His body is laid out at JL Sawo Raya no. 2: Rawamangun, East Jakarta. Burial will be in Tanah Kusir Cemetery; South Jakarta on Sunday, Sept. 10, at 10 am. May God Almighty bless and keep him always.

The management and staff of The Jakarta Post From the Jakarta Post, September 10, 2006

You may follow this conversation. A B A : Do you know who Mr Amir Daud is? : Sorry, Ive completely forgotten. : Well, he was

____________________________ B : You mean the first editor? What happened

to him? A : Right.

He____________________________ B : Oh, Im sorry to hear that.

May____________________________ always. A : If you want to express your condolences,

you may ___________________ B : Where will the funeral ceremony be at?

______________ A : Would you like to go together to the

funeral ceremony? B A : Okay. We will meet later. : Thats a good idea.

P.13 Moving Forward A. FIRST CHALLENGE Listen to Mike, talking about his experience about earthquake. Check () the answers.1.

When did it happen. months ago a month ago

2.

Where did it happen? along the coast road along the crossroads

3.

What happened? earthquake car accident

4.

What did Mike say about the event? He said nothing It was a nighmare

Earthquake

Has everybody here heard of an earthquake? Do you know what it is like when it happens? Well, I once experienced it. Okay, Ill tell you about my experience, listen.Orientation

was driving along the coast road when the car suddenly lurched to one side

events

You know what happened? At first I Thought a tire had gone fiat but then I saw telegraph poles collapsing like matchsticks. Its terrible, isnt it? Next, guess what! The rocks came tumbling across the road and I had to get out of the car. When I got back to town, well as I said, there wasnt much left.

Past tense

Time conjucti on

Speech function

reorientati on

My God, that was a nightmare.

p.14 Find out:1. Who was involved in that story? 2. Where did the story happen? 3. What is the first event of the story? 4. What is the second event of the story? 5. The last event of the story is _________ 6. Among the three events, which event touches your

heart the most?7. What is the purpose of the writer telling this story? 8. Why do you have to use past tenses in the story?

9. How did the writer feel about this story?

B. SECOND CHALLENGE Read the following text. Then, answer the questions. Remembering Kevyn I had the great honor of being ableOrientation

to call Kevyu Aucoin, my friend. He was not only a magnificent artist,. but more important, a magnificent human being. My older sister, Liza Minnelli, introduced us in 1991. We instantly hit it off. Kevyn did my make-up for photo shoots with my sister and Lot the

Event(s)

1993 Tony Awards. But 1 will always remember the day we spent together in my bathroom. Kevyn. taught me how to dO my own ak1.Tp. He told me to stop plucking my eyebrows every fIve minutes and, as we were finishing, he made a list of what he used. I asked him to come to Bloomingdales with me, fully expecting him to say No, but he said hed love to and off we went. By 6.30 pm., we had shopped our brains out and laughed so much that we were exhausted. I got into a cab and kissed him good-bye. Over the years, Id also buy Allure every month to read his column. His work has truly made make-up as important as fashion.

Reorienta tion

Spending time with Kevyn was like being hugged. He was an angel and all of us who knew him were lucky

Lorna Luft Beverly Hills

p.15

Find out:1. Who is the writer? 2. When did she first meet Kevin? 3. What experiences did the writer have with Kevin? 4. How did the writer end her story? 5. Underline the noun phrases used in the text. 6. Circle all past tense verbs. 7. Are there any time conjunctions in the text? 8. How about pronouns? Can you find them?

C. THIRD CHALLENGE Share your past experiences by writing them down in a diary. Read the following examples of a diary written by a schoolgirl named Anindya. She named her diary, Mooza

January 2004 Monday 11/1/04 Dear Mooza, today I was so tired because I had to do a lot of home work. Boring, boring, and boring!!

January 2004 Friday 15/1/04

Mooza, my friend You know what?? My art teacher asked me to to draw my own picture. Can you imagine that??? Goshyou know how bad my drawing was! And I bet he knew it too!! Og, how I hate drawing class!

January 2004 Tuesday 12/1/04 Hello Miiza, I had a bad day today. My math teacher gave us a test and I couldnt do the test STUPID! STUPID! I got so depressed.

January 2004 Monday 11/1/04 Thursday 14/1/04 Hey, Happy to go to school again. Today, Mr Sumarmo, our math teacher was absent. Hoorray!! My friend and I went to the canteen. Then I met Danny, the most handsome guy in shool. I was really cool.

January 2004 Wednesday 13/1/04 Hi Mooza, Last night, I got ill so I didnt go to school today. I had to stay at home. Theres nothing for me to do at home. Totally BORING!!!

p.16 Joint construction of text

Hand in Hand

A.

YOUR PROJECT Have you ever blushed because of something embarrassing? Here are two stories about someones embarrassing experience. Work in groups to complete text 2. Text 1 Slobber on the train On day, I was in the train on my way grandmothers place. I had spent the day there and I was very tired. I tried to stay awake, but didnt succeed. After sometime, my eyelid started to feel very heavy. Before I knew it, I was slobbering. Startled, I awoke to find two beautiful girls who were sitting in front of me giggling and watching me. I was mortified. Sent by Can Yin, Jakarta (taken from CnS English Magazine Vol. 3. No. 18) Text 2 Afraid of needles When I (1)___ in the first year of elementary school, all the students (2)___to be inoculated against a certain disease. I(3)___so afraid of needlesThat when the doctor (4)___to my class, I started to cry. When I (5) (1)___my friends getting an injection, I (6)___so nervous that I ran out of the class. My teacher (7)___to catch me but he couldnt. After a while, he caught me and finally, with everyone watching and laughing I (8)___with (9)___so embarrassing.

B.

ENJOY THIS. Tell your friends your embarrassing experience.

Opening 1. Greeting and introduction 2. Motivating the listeners attention.

3. Telling your purpose for standing in front of the class. Telling 1. Who were involved in your story? 2. When did it happen? 3. Where did it happen? 4. What happened first? 5. What happened next? 6. How was the ending of the story? 7. How did you feel? 8. Dont forget to use a gambit: - expressing pleased/displeased. - saying thanks/appreciation.

Checking your progress After you did the practice, do you think you have improved your vocabulary/gambits? Did you find any problems in talking about your past experience? Share your difficulties with your teacher for a solution.

p.17 Show It Off YOUR MISSION Read this postcard below. Then, do the following instructions. Flores, Indonesia Gear Hendri, Here we are in Flores! Flores is undoubtly one of the most beautiful places in Indonesia if you like to get off the beaten track! I started of with Rado in Moumere and took an amazing journey over the mountain village called Detusoko. We manage to wake up at 4 to see the three different colored

lakes at dawn. It was truly awe-inspiring! I would love to go back to Flores one day.

Best wishes, Denise.

Tell a story about what you did at the weekend:1. Glue some photographs of youl weeketid or holiday on

a special attractive piece of paper.2. Start by greeting someone to whom your postcard is

going to be sent.3. Give information about the place you visited.

Tell your friend: Who were involved in your story? When it happcned? Where it happened? What happened first? What happened next? What was the ending of the story? How did you feel?

4. Dont forget to use one of these gambits:

expressing pleased/displeased. asking if your friend remembers or not.

5. Give your regards at the end of the letter.

p.19 B. TRY THIS Based on the graph, complete the text using suitable words from exercise A. The graphic is about Australian tourist arrivals in Bali through Ngurah Rai airport. According to Bagus, foreign tourist arrivals on Ngurah Rai airport, in January 2006 (1) by 16 percent to 79,000 compared to the same period last year. Meanwhile, tourist arrivals in January and

February (2) respectively by 29 percent and 21 percent. The worst (3) was in October 2005 which (4) to 55,000 compared to the same period in 2004. Actually, there was a sharp (5) in September 2005 but the situation continued to worsen after a series of terrorist attacks, particularly the two bomb attacks in Bali in 2002 and 2005.

P.20 D. ACTIVE READING Read the following text. Then, write a report about your idol.

Special people David Duchovny David Duchovny cleverly played the role of Mulder in the X-fies film. Duchovny was born on 7 August 1960 in New York City. After successfully studying English literature at university, Duchovny became interested in acting. He gained parts in several movies including Beethoven, Dont tell Nin the Babysitters Dead, and Chaplin before the X Files. Zinedine Zidane Born on June 23, 1972 in Maseille, France, Zinedine Zidane learned to play football in the streets of Marseilles. He was discovered at 14, the he signed as a schoolboy for Cannes FC. In the 1998 FIFA Wordl Cup Final, he became a national hero when he scored two goals in Frances 3-0 victory over Brazil. In 2006, the FIFA World Cup named him as the Most Outstanding Player. Finally he retired that year. (Biography.com) E. TRY THIS Read the following text. Change the verbs into the correct past form. Then, answer the questions.

Punk Legend JOHNNY RAMONE DIED LOS ANGELES : Johnny Ramone, a guitarist and cofounder of the seminal punk band The Ramones (die) (1)___ He (be)(2) (1)___ 55. Ramone (die) (3) (1)___ in his sleep on Wednesday afternoon at his Los Angeles home surrounded by friends and family. He (battle) (4) (1)___against prostate cancer for five years, and was hospitalized in June at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center. Ramone, born John Cumming, was one of the original members of The Ramones, whose hit songs I Wanna be Sedated and Blitkrieg Bop, among others, (reach) (5) (1)___ the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2002. Johnny Ramone (found)(6) ___ The Ramones in 1974 with Joey Ramone, Dee Dee Ramone and Tommy Ramone, the only surviving member of the original band. Adapted from: The Jakarta Post, Friday, September 17,2004

p.21 Find out: 1. How old was Johnny Ramone when he died? 2. How long had be suffered from prostate cancer? 3. What was Johnny Ramones given name? 4. When was The Ramones established? 5. The Ramones consisted of four, people. How many people have died? Mention them. 6. When did Johnny Ramone die? (Mention the day and date) 7. According to the text where was the hospital? How do you know? 8. Where was this news taken from? 9. Pay attention to the verbs in the biography of Johnny

Ramone. All the verbs are written in the past tense. Do you know why?

Simple past tense Grammar in Action WORK IN PAIRS Ask questions about the following sentences. See the examples. Andrew got sick because he worked too hard. (do redecorate) (?) What did he do? (+) He redecorated his house. Sandy is not hungry because she has eaten. (eat noodle) (?) What did she eat? (+) She ate noodles. (eat an hour ago) (?) When did she eat? (+) She ate an hour ago. 1. Rina was sad because she got a poor grade in a biology test. (get- an E) 2. Rudy left the meeting because it was boring. (talk about- the budget) 3. Terry could not buy the necklace because she lost her purse. (lose- the bookstore) 4. Nova could not eat with us because she was still typing. (type - some letters) 5. I had not eaten breakfast when Rick picked me up. (dowatch TV)

p.22 6. Sandra had gone to work when Bobby came to meet her. (come - eight) 7. Mary went to the theater although it was raining heavily. (be - good)

8. Tina had sold her car when I asked her about it. (sell money) B. WORK IN PAIRS Take turns asking questions about the following sentences. Johnny Ramone, a guitarist and cofounder of the famous punk band The Ramone died. (sick) (?) Was he very sick? (+) Yes, he was battling prostate cancer. (die) (?) When did he die? (+) On Wednesday afternoon.1. 2. 3. 4.

The children were not hungry (eat) The new teacher was in room 204. (teach) John went to Trendy Fashion Store. (buy) The students in the next room were very noisy. (talk about)

5. 6. 7.

Mary took out her pen from her bag. (write) Tommy and I went to the cafeteria. (eat) The police drove their car very fast. (chase)

P23 C. TRY THIS Complete this text using the appropriate pronouns. Kiran Hasto was born in Mojogedang on April 1St, 1930. (1)_____ was educated at State Senior High School 37, Mojogedang and continued (2) _____ study at the Diponegoro University; Semarang. (3) _____ left the university in 1952 with a second class honors degree in chemistry Toward the end of that year (4) _____ applied for a job and obtained a post as a junior research chemist in a large pharmaceutical firm. In 1954, (5) _____ met his future wife, Aniswati, at a seminar and in 1955 (6) _____ married(7) _____ now live in a Bogor suburb and have two children. E.TRY THIS Make two passages from the following text

by filling in the appropriate words below. I went to a (1) _____ to buy (2) _____ presents for my (3) _____ . I have two (4) _____ Kiran and Kitar (Maya and Luna). There were a lot of (5) _____ on the shelves and I began by choosing (6) _____ for both the boys (girls). I know that both of them like (7) _____ . After looking at several (8) _____ I finally bought them both (9) _____

1bookshop, toyshop 8toys for girls, picture books 6doll houses, story books 9Barbie dolls, adventure stories 4lovely nieces, handsome nephews 2birthday; Valentines Day 5childrens books, girls toys 3teenage nieces, 10-year-old nephews 7adventure stories, Teddy Bear dolls

p.24 F. TRY THIS Complete the following e-mail sent by Regan Thaw to his friend in Indonesia, talking about his experience of being mugged while on air. Fill in the blanks with the correct time conjunctions.

To [email protected] From [email protected] Subject14 Mugged on air Last Tuesday was a nightmare in my life. Ive never been in such an experience. (1)_____ I was about to deliver an on-site report from a local settlement (2) _____ somebody mugged me, He pulled a gun and pointed it at my head. (3) -_________ he threatened me, Give me your cell phone or I will kill you I gave him my cell phone but (4) _____he also asked for my other belongings. (5) _____ I complied and the show went on without my report.

P.25 G.TRY THIS Indicate where you need capital letters in the following sentences. Then compare your answers with your friends. 1. Is professor blunt working for the queen of england?

2. the british prime minister met the german foreign minister for talks. 3. is lake geneva near mount blanc? 4. on sunday were going to the museum of natural history. 5. is dr indra chinese or japanese? 6. the suggestion was made by president sukarno on behalf of his family.

p.26 Modelling of text Moving Forward A.FIRST CHALLENGE Read the following biographical recount carefully. Then answer the questions.

Picasso was one of the most outstanding and important artists of the 1900s. He is best known for his paintings. Almost every style in modern art is represented in Picassos works. Picasso(was born in 1881 in Malaga, Spain as the son of an art teacher. He studied painting with his father and also in Madrid. From about 1895 to 1901 he painted realistic works in a traditional style. Then he entered what was called the Blue Period. During this time he only used shades of blue in his paintings to show poverty he saw in Barcelona. After 1907, he entered into the style of cubism. Among his well-known cubist paintings are The Three Musicians

and The man with a guitar which depict the destruction of a Spanish town. Picasso died France in 1973. (adapted from: Golden Home encyclopedia. p. 4751) Findout1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

Who was Picasso? Where and when was he born? Why did he become famous? What tense is mostly used in the text How many events are mentioned in the text What was the writers evaluation on Picasso? What is the structure of the text Is there any resolution? Underline the action verbs used in the text. Circle the noun phrases.

p.27 SECOND CHALLENGE Read the following factual recounts. Then, label the parts of the text below. Decide which one is the title, orientation, event(s), and reorientation.

Drunk Dutch tourist gets sharp lesson MONPELLIER: A Dutch tourist who drunkenly tried to pet a circus lion in its cage in southern France was nursing a wounded hand and neck on Tuesday after being scratched in return, police said. The unnamed 21- year-old woman was lucky to be only slightly injured in the incident, which occured late Sunday after she and her friends went up to the cage following an evening of drinking in a campsite in the town of Vacquires, officers said. She had stuck her hand in the enclosure in an attempt to

touch the three-year old lion when the animal sprung around and slashed at her with its claws. The tourist was taken to hospital in Monpellier. - AFP Hes a she spares Thai drug dealer SINGAPORE: A sex change operation spared a Thai drug dealer a caning but not six years in a Singapore jail, news reports said Friday. Prostitute Mongkon Pusuwan, 37, was charged with drug trafficking last month, an offense carrying a caning punishment for males. The problem, according to The Straits Times, was Mongkon looked every inch like a woman. Mongkons passport however identified her as a male. Thai law does not recognize a sex change, which Mongkon underwent 10 years ago. A doctor in Singapore confirmed her female gender. Distric Judge Bala Reddy sentenced Mongkon to the Jail term after she pleaded guilty to trafficking in 1.52 grams of cocaine and 25 tablets containing 2.5 grams ketamine. DPA The Jakarta Post, Monday, January 23, 2006

p.28 Joint construction of text Hand in Hand A. FIRST PROJECT In groups of four, complete this autobiography with the approriate words on the right. An Autobiography of a Book I am a (1)_____ . My name is (2) _____ Let me tell you my (3) _____It was just (4) before I was born. First a few workers put me through in a press and I (5) _____ with words and illustrations on my body I was cut (6) _____, (7) _____ and (8) _____ together. Then I was given a handsome (9) _____

My friends and I were packed into a huge box and we were delivered to a bookstore called The Guardians A (10) _____ put a (11) _____ of Rp. 25.000,00 on my back. I was (12) _____ in the shops window. It was a very (13) _____ room with an (14) _____. (15) _____ a gentleman came to the shop. He immediately (16) _____ me. He (17) _____ through a few pages and (18) _____ decided to buy me for his sons (19) _____ (20) _____ Sam treated me well. Every day he would read me. (21) _____ he would keep me carefully in his cupboard. However, (22) _____ he became bored and forgot about me. He left me to (23) _____ Oh! I was bored to death. (24) _____ Sam decided to give me to his classmate, Joe. Joe was not a (25) _____ boy as Sam was. He put me (26) _____ he wanted. Sometimes I got oil on my body. (27) _____ I began to grow old. (28) _____ appeared on my face. My body was also (29) _____ and torn in several places. I looked (30) _____ and smelt (31) _____ too. Seeing me so dirty with torn pages, Joe threw me into a (32) _____ I was very (33) _____ and cried softly to myself. Now I am lying in a dustbin awaiting my (34) _____ Soon I will be burnt in a (35) _____

p.29 B. SECOND PROJECT Work in groups of four. Write a factual recount. from a newspaper report. Use the following information to make your writing.

Report 1 Robber arrested No one injured Ketis Band in Percetakn Negara

Street, Mojogedang Police car was in the area Entered the bank around 10 a.m. Teller pressed silent alarm Two shots fired Chased by police through crowd

Report 2 Australias netball team won championships Final played at State Sport center Big crowd, more than 5,000 spectators Winning goal scored in last minute Game commenced at 5 p.m. Beat New Zealands team

Independent construction of text Show It Off YOUR MISSION Choose one of the following tasks. 1. Write a biographical recount about someone you know well. 2. Write a factual recount about a piece of news you have heard lately. Consider the following suggestion Have I described the characters in the orientation in an interesting way? Have I written the events clearly? Does each paragraph have enough information so that the reader understands what I wrote? Have I used words showing events in order such as: next, after, meanwhile, at last, afterward, etc? Have I used the correct simple past tense verbs in my writing? Have I used correct pronouns for my writing?

Did I use the correct punctuation, capitalization and spelling?

2. 2p.32 2Stage 1 Sharing stories t Building knowledge of field oGetting Started t A. ACTIVE LISTENING . Listen to Mike, telling a story oabout Ihe Legend of Minos, The King of Crete. While you t listen, complete the blanks with the words you hear. Then, aanswer the questions orally. l The Legend of Minos, King of Crete

Once upon a time there lived a very (1)____ . king, named the King of Crete. He had a (2) ____ which was half bull and half man.

He (3) ____ Daedalus, a (4) from Athena, to build a (5) ____ in order to house the monster. When Daedalus finished his work, he wanted to leave Crete. But the king would not let him go. Daedalus (6) ____ through the air by using wings (7) ____ to his body with wax. He also made wings for his son, Icarus and made him fly (8) ____ himself. But the son was so glad and (9) ____ that he soon went too high. As he (10) ____ nearer to the sun, it got warmer and warmer until at last the wax (11) ____ and his body fell down into the sea near Troy. The sea is now, called the Icarian Sea.

(Taken from: greekmyth.com) Find out:1. Who was Daedalus?

2. What happened to him? 3. How did Daedalus escape from the king? 4. Who was Icarus? What happened to him? 5. Do you like the story? Why/why not?

p.33 B. YOUR TURN Use the words in the box to complete the following conversation. Teacher picture? Student A Teacher : Its very (1)____ . What is it about? : You can see here, a young man is (2) ____ : Look, students. What do you think of the

against a (3) ____ . The picture shows a part of a(4) ____ (5) ____ Student B who is he? Teacher : Theseus. He was a young (6) ____ of (7) : What a brave young man! By the way,

____ He fought against the monster. Student C Teacher : Did he? What kind of monster was it? : It was called a Minotaur. It was (8) ____

and (9) ____ . He lived in Crete, a beautiful island in the Mediterranean. Homer, a great poet, called the island A jewel in the wine-dark sea. Student A Teacher Student A : What happened to the monster at the end? : The prince (10) ____ him. : That sounds interesting. I like reading

Greek myths. I cant wait to learn more about the story.

p.34 Get It Right Showing your attention A.THINK ABOUT IT Look at the picture, then answer the questions

Find_out: 1. Where does this situation probably take place? 2. Who is the man? 3. Who is he talking to? 4. What is he going to do? 5. What did he say to get his students attention?

Ways to say it Asking for and showing attention (formal) When you tell a story; you can use questions to attract your listeners attention. Whereas when you listen to a story, you can use several expressions to show that you are paying attention to what is being talked about. Asking for attention (formal) Excuse me, I wonder if I could trouble you May I have your attention, please? Excuse me Sorry to trouble you. Sorry to bother you.

Asking for attention (informal): Look at me! Look what Ive got here. Look here. Look! Hey!

Attention, please! Excuse me!

p.35 Showing attention: I see. Oh, yes. Mmm... Aha.... How interesting! I know what you mean. Oh, oh! Well, well, well. Tell me more about it. Really? Oh, my God! What happens next? And then what? Whats next? Is that all? Indeed? Oh, no!

B. THINK ABOUT IT. Look at the picture and answer the questions Find out: 1. What is the woman going to do? 2. Does her daughter show any interest? 3. What does she say to show her attention?

C.TRY THIS . Complete the following conversation; use the expressions of asking/showing attention whenever necessary.

Conversation 1

1.

Andri

: ____________ can I borrow your

dictionary, please? Mr Suminto2.

: Yes, of course. Here it is.

Yoyol

: ___________ Theres a wounded man

lying on the road. : Oh, my! Whats the matter with him?

Anna

Lets help him. P.353.

Woman Man

: ___________ a change for Rpl0.000,00? : By all means. What would you like? Rp l

.000,00 ones? Woman : Yes, please, that would be good.

Conversation 2 Dani : ___________ Are you familiar with this picture?

Nano : Uhmmm, sorry ___________ Dani : This is a Greek god called Atlas. He is always

described holding up the earth and the sky. Nano : ____________________ Dani : Do you know that he held the earth and the sky as

a punishment from the Greek chief god, Zeus? Nano : No, I dont know about that. ___________ Dani : Well, Atlas was the son of Titan, a Greek god and

the sea nymph, Clymene. Nano : ______________________________________ Dam : Then one day Atlas and the other Titan gods

rebelled against Zeus and the other Olympian gods and goddesses. Nano : ________________________ Dani : No, the war was unsuccessful.

Nano :Wow! The war must have been

___________________? Dani :Then, Zeus punished Atlas by forcing him to stand

and support the sky and the earth on his shoulders forever. Nano : ___________________ Dani : And according to the myth, Atlas stood in the northwest region of what is now called Africa. Nano : ___________ (Taken from: m.greeknyth.com)

p.37 Ways to say it Inviting someone Offering an invitation: Id like you to come to dinner. Id like to ask you to come swimming. Would you like to go to the theater with me on Saturday night? How about going to the football match with me tomorrow afternoon? Accepting an invitation: Thank you, Id be glad to go. Yes, thank you. Id be happy to go. Thank you so much for inviting me. Lets meet at the school canteen. Yes, Id love to. Sure. Great. All right. Im so sorry, Ill be very busy tomorrow night. Im afraid thats not too good for me, what about after

Declining an invitation:

lunch? D. ENJOY THIS Listen to the following conversation and fill in the blanks. Then, complete the sentences in the following page. Deppetto The Good Fairy : Hello Geppetto speaking. : Hello, Geppetto, this is The Good

Fairy from Fun Island. How are you doing at the puppet school? Geppetto from you. Im fine, (1)____ , (2) ____ how are you? The Dood Fairy April for Pinocchios birthday. Are you going to prepare a special party for him? Geppetto :Well, I dont think I can afford to : Good. Look, Im coming over in : The Good Fairy! How nice to hear

give him a party, but there will be a small dinner with his friends. That will do. Im sure hell be happy. The Good Fairy : By the way, I (3) ____ you can

come and meet me soon to arrange the party

Sure. Uhm, the party will be on April 23rd (4) ____ so, (5) ____ meeting at the Super cafe at 12.30 on April 22nd? Geppetto : Just a minute. Ill check my diary. for me. Why dont we meet on April 21st, before lunch at (6) ____ thats not good

the Super Mall? Its a small dinner but there will probably be a lot of things

p.37 to buy. Thats why I prefer one stop shopping. What do you say? The Good Fairy : (7) ____ , thats possible. You mean well have lunch together before shopping? Geppetto The Good Fairy : Right. : Good idea. OK, lets say at 11.00 Mall. If you get delayed, you can always call me. Geppetto phoning. Bye. The Good Fairy : Bye. : All right. See you there. Thanks for

on April 21 at the Super

The Good Fairy called from Geppetto was at . The dinner held in Date They decide to meet in in (place) On (date) At (time) E.YOUR TURN Complete the following dialog based on Pinocchios schedule. Pinocchio Evil Fox Pinocchio : Hello, This is____ speaking. : Hi, . Its me __________ : Oh, hi, . How are you doing?

Evil Fox Pinocchio Evil Fox

: Yeah, Im fine. How about you? : Me? Im good too. : Look, Pinocchio, can you come on : Sorry, Id love to, but Im __________ : What about Tuesday evening then? : Im afraid I cant. Im going to ________ : Well, what re you doing on Wednesday,

Monday morning? Pinocchio Evil Fox Pinocchio Evil Fox Pinocchio? Pinocchio Evil Fox evening? Pinocchio Evil Fox Pinocchio : Im afraid not. My friend and I are ______ : Well, . Youll be very busy next week. : But, ____ ,I think Ill have free time in the : Uhm. . . Im not sure whether I will still be : Uhm... I am having ____ : I see. Well, are you free on Friday

next two weeks. Evil Fox in town or not. But Ill tell you later. Pinocchio : Okay, then. Please call me again. Perhaps

we can arrange a time to meet.

p.39 Evil Fox Pinocchio calling. : All right, Pinocchio. See you later. : Good bye. Bye, Evil Fox. Thanks for

SUNDAY Social meeting (M) Prepare a presention (E) MONDAY

meeting with teacher, 9am

TUESDAY Go to theatre with classmates WEDNESDAY with Geppetto To the doctor, 8 pm

THURSDAY Visit The Good Fairy at hospital FRIDAY Play volleyball SATURDAY Dinner with my girlfriend

Cultural Awareness Read the following text. Then, answer the questions.

ARRANGING TIME Traveling to all corners of the world gets easier and easier. We live in a global village, but how well do we know and understand each other? Here is a simple test. Imagine you have arranged a meeting at four oclock. What time should you expect your foreign business colleagues to arrive? If they are Germans, they will be bang on time. If they are American, theyll probably 15 minutes earlier. If they are British, theyll be 15 minutes late, and you should allow up to an hour for the Italians! When the European Community began to increase in size, several guidebooks appeared giving advice on international etiquette. At first many people thought this was a joke, especially the British, who seemed to assume that the widespread understanding of their language meant a corresponding understanding of English customs. (Adapted from: Interchange 1, Jack C. Richard)

P.40

Find out: 1. What nationalities are the most and least punctual? 2. Why & the british think that everyone understands their customs? 3. What about the punctuality in your country? 4. What advice would you give to somebody coming to live and work in your country?

Grammar in Action Supply the appositive phrase for these nouns. Then, compare them with your friends.1. Your friend,________, is in trouble. 2. My brothers car, ________ , makes my friends

envious.3. The chief surgeon, ________, took her nephew on a

hospital tour.4. Pablo Picasso, ________,was known for his blue

paintings.5. Jakarta, ________ , is rich in History 6. Si Manis, ________ ,is my lovely pet. 7.

Timun Mas_______________________

8. Extravaganza, ________

p.41 Get It Right A.WORK IN PAIRS Ask and answer these questions with your friends.1.

Do you have a pet at home? What kind of pet? Is it a dog, a cat, a bird, or a fish?

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

What is its name? Do you love your pet? Why? Do you think a fish can live without water? Do you think a fish can walk? What would you say if somebody told you that a fish

can be trained to live without water and it can be trained to walk?7.

What would you say if somebody told you that his fish died because it had forgotten how to swim?

B.ENJOY THIS Read the following tall tale. Then, answer the questions.

Once there was an Indian who had a pet fish named Tommy, which he kept in a barrel. But the fish got pretty big and the Indian had to change the water a good deal to keep him alive. He was too lazy to do that, so he thought he would teach the fish to live out of water. He began by taking Tommy out of the barrel for a few minutes at a time, pretty often, and then he took him out more often and kept him out longer. After sometime Tommy could stay out a good while if he was in some wet grass. Then the Indian found he could leave him in the wet grass all night and pretty soon that fish could live in the shade whether the grass was wet or not. By that time he had got pretty tame, too and he used to fhilow the Indian around a good deal. When the Indian went out to dig worms to eat, Tommy went along too and got some for himself. The Indian thought of everything for that fish, until Tommy didnt need any water at all. He could go anywhere down a dusty road and stay all day out in the hot sun. So, people wanted to buy Tommy, but the Indian said he wouldnt sell a fish like that for any amount of money. Youd see him coming to town with Tommy following along the road behind, just like a dog, only of course he traveled a good deal like a snake, and almost as fast.

Well, it was really sad the way that Indian lost his fish and it was unusual, too. He went to town one day with Tommy coming along

p.42 behind, as usual. There was a bridge in the road and the Indian came to it. He saw there was a hole in it, but he went over it without thinking. A little later he looked around for Tommy but he couldnt find him. He went back away and called, but he still couldnt see any sign of his pet. Finally he came to the bridge and saw the hole, and he thought right away that maybe his fish had fallen in there. So he went to the hole and looked down, and sure enough, there was Tommy, floating on the water, bottom-side up. Hed fallen through that hole into the river and drowned. (Taken from: English for Senior High school 3 Balai Pustaka)

Find out:1. 2. 3. 4.

Who is the main character of the story? Whats the Indians problem? How did the Indian overcome his problem? Why do you think the writer wrote Youd see him coming to town with Tommy following along the road behind, just like a dog, only of course he traveled a good deal like a snake, and almost as fast.

5.

There are two strange things that make this story interesting and funny. What are they?

6. 7.

In your opinion, what is a suitable title for the story? Do you like the story? Why/why not?

Ways to say it Expressing sympathy

When you hear someone is hurt or sad, express your sympathy with the following expressions. Offering condolences: Im sorry. Im sorry to hear about your father. Im sorry to hear that your little Twettie died. Let me offer my condolences. Let me tell you how sorry I am to hear about your grandmother. I know how you must feel. You must feel terrible about losing your brother like that.

Responding to Condolences: Thank you. Thats very kind of you. Theres nothing that can be done about it. Its Gods will, I suppose. God gives and God takes away. Thats life.

p.43. C.TRY THIS Work in pairs. Create a conversation about expressing sympathy and give responses based on these situations. See the example.1.

A man meets a friend after his fathers funeral. or A friend is talking with a deceased persons sister at the funeral services.

2.

Example: Paula : Good afternoon, Mr Indian. Mr Indian : Paula! Im so glad you could come. Paula :

Im very sorry to hear about Tommys death. It must be pretty hard on you. Mr Indian : It is. He was so young. Why did he have to die? Paula : I know how you must feel. I feel like

Tommy was my friend too. Mr Indian : Well, God gives and God takes away ENJOY THIS Listen to Belle, expressing her sympathy in a letter of condolence. Fill in the blanks. Then, underline any sympathy expressions used in the letter.

Jayapura Street 25 Yogyakarta 27 June 2005

(1)______ Mr Indian, I have just learned of the (2) ______ of Tommy, your beloved pet. I share the grief that you are going through at this moment and convey my heartfelt condolences. (3) ______ do not hesitate to write and tell me if I can be of any (4) ______ to you in this hour of sorrow.

Sincerely yours, Belle

p.44 E.YOUR TURN Write a similar letter of condolence to the Indian who lost Tommy, his beloved fish.

HINT Consider the following useful expressions for writing a letter of condolence.

I offer you my sincere condolence . I offer you my heartfelt condolence . If there is anything that I can do to help, please do not hesitate to let me know. I pray to God to give you the strength at this moment of grief. I pray to God that his/her soul may rest in peace.

(modeling the text) Moving Forward A.THINK ABOUT IT Discuss these questions. What information can you get from Orientation? What information can you get from Complication(s)? What information can you get from Resolution? B. FIRST CHALLENGE Read this myth. Then answer the questions. Well, my friends, I have a very interesting story. The story is about Batara Kala, a myth from Tava. Have you heard about it? No? Never? Please be quiet and listen careftifly. You know, Batara Kala was an evil giant. He always killed people, especially children. His hair was made from fire. Everybody was frightened of him. One day, Batara Guru, the chief god invited all the gods and goddesses to drink sacred water in Paradise. The water was called Tirta Amertasari. It means The Water of Immortality. You know why? Because anyone who drinks this water, he or she will live forever. He

or she will never die. You know what? Batara Kala was not invited because he was evil. Then, secretly, he flew into Paradise and stole some of the water. Batara Surya, the god of Sun and Batari

Chandra, the goddess of Moon knew what he did. Immediately both of them reported to Batara Vishnu, the keeper god of the universe. Then Batara Vishnu took his fatal weapon, Cakra and shot it at Batara Kala.

p.45 While Batara Kala was drinking the water, the Cakra hit him on the neck. Batara Kalas body was separated from the head at once. But, since he had drunk the sacred water, his head was alive. He was very furious with Batara Surya and Batari Chandra and swore to take revenge on them. He chased Batara Surya and Batari Chandra, caught them both and swallowed them up. Fortunately, Batara Surya and Batari Chandra could escape from Batara Kalas throat because he no longer had a body. So, Batari Chandra and Batara Surya were safe everytime Batara Kala swallowed them up. Thats why when there is a solar eclipse or lunar eclipse, Javanese people believe that Baara Kala is swallowing Batara Surya or Batara Chandra. Its interesting, isnt it? (Adapted from: Javalegend. com)

Find out:1. 2. 3.

Who are the main participants in the story? Where does this myth come from? Complete the table according to the story: Solution to the problems

Problems

a . Batara Kala was not invited to drink

____________ ______ ____________ ______

Tirta Amertasari.

b .

Batara Surya and Batari Chandra knew what Batara Kala did.

____________ ______

c .

Batara Kala swallowed Batara Surya ____________ and Batari Chandra. ______

4. 5.

Does the story have a happy or sad ending? Do you like this kind of story? Why/why not?

p.46 (Joint construction of text) Hand in Hand A. FIRST PROJECT Work in pairs. Arrange the following jumbled paragraphs into a good and meaningful tall tale. Then, identify the orientation, complication(s), and resolution.

The Story of Paul Bunyan

Well, babe got so big that when he and paul [] Bunyan walked around Minnesota, they formed ten thousand lakes with their footprints.

Minnesota has been known ever since as the Land of Ten Thousand Lakes. When Paul Bunyan grew up, he decided to become a lumberjack, because he could cut an [] entire forest with one swing of his axe. The other lumberjacks were glad for his help, since he made their work so much easier. They did have to feed him an awful lot, though. Paul Bunyan loved to eat, especially pancakes. One day, a woman came into the logging camp kitchen and asked the cook. Why are these logs over there piled up to the ceiling? Those arent logs, the cook replied. Those are the sausages for Paul Bunyan.

Paul Bunyan was the biggest baby ever born to the world! He was too big to fit inside the [] house, so his father built him a cradle to put in the water. As Baby Paul slept in the water cradle, his father followed alongside it in a boat so he could keep an eye on him. When baby Paul began to snore, his father thought the noise was coming from an approaching thunderstorm!

One day, during a heavy snowstorm, Paul Bunyan was out walking and bumped into a [] mountain. When he looked down, he saw two blue ears sticking out of the snow. He yanked on the ears and pulled up a baby blue ox. He decided to keep the ox and took it home with him. The next day, the snow had melted and Paul Bunyan saw the baby ox had eaten three entire fields of hay! This was going to be one big ox, for sure. Paul Bunyan called the ox Babe and both of them became best friends. (Adapted from: www.tales.com)

p.47 B.SECOND PROJECT Work in pairs. The following myth is not finished yet. Finish the story using the word clues given. Then read the story aloud to your partner. Use expressions to get your partners attention.

Daedalus and Icarus

Daedalus was a skilled Athenian craftsman and inventor. Daedalus took his nephew Perdix (Talos) who was a brilliant craftsman with Daedalus to Crete. Minos, the king of Crete, hired Daedalus who created many ingenious inventions while in the rulers service. His work included the Labyrinth, a mazelike building, which imprisoned a monster called the Minotaur (half man, half bull). Daedalus helped Minos daughter, Ariadne escape with Theseus, the slayer of Minotaur. As punishment for the

crime, Minos imprisoned Daedalus and his young son, Icarus, in the Labyrinth. (Adapted from: www.myth.com)

Show It Off YOUR MISSION Choose one of these two missions:1. 2.

Find a local or foreign myth. Retell it to your friends. Create your own imaginative tall tale. Retell it to your friends.

p.48 Before you tell the story in front of the class, assess your work using this checklist.

Items to be assessed1.

Results On my own With the help of my friends my story. and teacher I cant do this yet.

I can name the main characters in

2.

I can mention the time and the place the story happened.

On my own With the help of my friends my story. and teacher I cant do this yet. On my own With the help of my friends I cant do this yet. On my own With the help of my friends my story. and teacher I cant do this yet. On my own

3.

I can tell the complication

(problem of the my story. and teacher story clearly.4.

I can tell the resolution clearly.

5.

I can tell the

story using the past tense.

With the help of my friends my story. and teacher I cant do this yet.

p.49

Stage 2 Sharing more stories Getting Started A.ACTIVE READING Read the following story. Then answer the questions.

THUMBELINA There was once a woman who wanted a small child but didnt know where to get one. So she went to a witch for help. A little child? said the witch, Thats easy. Heres a magic seed. Plant it in a flower pot and see what happens! The woman thanked the witch, paid her with a piece of silver, and went home to plant the magic seed. As soon as it touched the soil, the seed grew into a tulip, whose flower opened with a pop. In the middle of the flower sat a tiny girl. Why, the pretty little thing is hardly as big as my thumb! cried the woman. I am going to call her Thumbelina. The woman made Thumbelina a bed from a walnut shell. Instead of going out, Thumbelina played on the kitchen table. Her favorite game was sailing across a bowl of water in a boat made from a tulip leaf. As she sailed, she sang in a high, sweet voice. One night, an old toad got in through an open window and hopped down onto the kitchen table. Just the wife for

my son! the toad declared when it saw Thumbelina sleeping in her tiny bed. The toad picked up the walnut shell and hopped out through the window into the garden. At the bottom of the garden, there was a stream with muddy banks, and that was where the old toad lived with her son. He was even damper and uglier than his mother. When he saw the pretty little girl asleep in the walnut shell, all he could say was, Ribbik! Ribbik!. Not so loud! whispered the old toad. If you wake her up, shell run away. Well put her on a water-lily leaf in the middle of the stream so she wont be able to escape. Then we can clear out the best room for the wedding. In the morning, when she woke up, Thumbelina was startled to find herself on a big green leaf in the middle of a stream. (Taken from: www.storytotell.com)

p.50

What do you think?1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

What was the womans problem? How did she get a child? Describe the child that the woman got! Where did the woman keep her? Who kidnapped Thumbelina? Why did she kidnap her? In your opinion, would have Thumbelina agreed to marry the toad?

8.

In your opinion, how did she escape from the toad?

ENJOY THIS Move the jumbled letters between brackets. See the example.1.

Weve come to (o-e-v-m) your bed into the room, my dear, said the old toad.

2.

Meet your (u-a-h-s-b-n-d) Im sure youll live happily ever after. Ribbik! Ribbik! (o-a-e-d-k-r-c) her son. As the toads swam back to the (a-k-n-b), Thumbelina cried so loudly that the fish in the (e-a-m-r-t-s) poked their heads out of the water to ask what was the (a-e-tt-m-r).

3. 4.

5.

When Thumbelina told them, they all agree it was a (ae-m-h-s) for a pretty girl like her to marry an ugly toad. They bit through the (a-k-l-t-s) of Thumbelinas lily (ea-f 1), and it floated away down stream.

Grammar in Action A.TRY THIS Rewrite these sentences with the correct punctuation. 1. do i have to listen to that song again adam asked i dont like it 2. bill said dont wait up for me ill be home late

p.51 3. read the last two chapters in your book the instructor said 4. the secretary said please have a seat in the waiting room 5. do you want to see the new horror film max asked 6. i cant decide which pair of shoes to buy pat said 7. there arent enough seats for me in this row cyrus said maybe ill just move to the last row

p.52 B.TRY THIS Change these sentences into the reported speech. 1. Shes so ugly. What did he say?

He said __________________ 2. Shes only got two legs! What did they tell you? ____________________________________________ _____________________ 3. She has no feeling at all! What did they say? ____________________________________________ _____________________ 4. Youre far too ugly to live with me! What did he say? ____________________________________________ _____________________ 5. Please, could you spare me some food? What did she say? ____________________________________________ _____________________ 6. Come in and get warm! Ive got plenty of food in my pantry What did the mouse say? ____________________________________________ _____________________

P.53 C.TRY THIS Fill in the blank spaces with who, whom, which, or whose. 1. In 1886 Schliemann, ____________had dug out the ruins of Troy, came to the island of Crete. 2. They wanted to know about the palace of Crete. And it was Evans, ____________finally discovered the Labyrinth. 3. On my way home I met a friend of mine, ____________took me to his new house. 4. My uncle, you met the other day, has recently written a

book on Indian Art. 5. There was a young lady playing the piano, ____________soon began to sing a beautiful song

p.54 6. My English teacher, has been to England two or three times, showed us some pretty pictures of the Thames. 7. Miss Suzuki, songs are very popular among young people, will give a concert in our town next Saturday evening. D.TRY THIS Combine each pair of sentences using the relative pronouns. 1. Dr. Johnson often met his friends in the Queen Club. His house was quite near. 2. Is that the new station? You pointed it out to mc last week. Beethoven was one of the worlds finest composers. You are listening to his music. 3. Elephants live more than a hundred years. They are animals that never forget. 4. The glass hasnt been washed. You are drinking from that glass.

p.55 TRY THIS Read the following fable. Find the thinking, feeling, and saying verbs and the verbs of senses. Write them in the table provided.

A GREEDY DOG

A dog was feeling very proud of himself. He had found a big, juicy bone at the market. He quickly carried it in his mouth and ran off to find a place to eat it. He came to a stream which had very clear water. He

started to walk across it, taking his own sweet time. He was thinking what a wonderful time he would have when he could eat the whole juicy bone, all by himself. Suddenly he stopped and looked down into the water. He saw a dog there looking back at him, also with a bone in his mouth. He did not know he was looking at himself. He said to himself, That dogs bone looks bigger than mine. Ill grab his bone and run away as fast as I can! (Taken from: Angels moral stories)

p.56 F. TRY THIS Make new sentences by adding adverbs or adverbi4 phrases. Number one has been done for you as an example. 1. Mr Prapto teaches English (where) (when). Mr Prapto teaches English in my classroom twice a week. 2. She talked (how long). 3. A difficult lesson ended (how) (when). 4. They built the house (how) (where) (when). 5. Her work began (where) (when). (modeling of text) Moving Forward A.THINK ABOUT IT Answer the following questions.1. 2.

Do you know what a fable is? Have you ever read any fables? If yes, mention them.

3.

Do you like reading fables? Why/why not?

B.FIRST CHALLENGE While you read the following fable, listen and pay attention to the intonation of the story teller. Then answer the following questions.

THE FLY AND THE BULL

There was once a little fly who thought he was very important. He felt proud of himself. One sunny morning, he flew around looking for someone to talk to. He saw a bull grazing in a field. He decided to fly down to talk to him.

p.57 The little fly flew down and buzzed around the bulls head. The bull did not bother him. He went on chewing grass. The fly then buzzed right inside the bulls ear. The bull continued chewing grass. The fly thought, What a stupid animal! Now the fly decided to land on one of the bulls horns to rake the bull notice him. He waited for the bull to say something, but the bull kept quiet. The fly then shouted angrily, Oh, Bull, if you find that I too heavy for you, let me know and Ill fly away! The bull laughed and said, Little fly, I dont care if you stay or leave. You are so tiny that your weight does not make any difference to me, so please be quiet and leave me alone. (Taken from: Angels moral story)

Find Out1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Where and when did the story happen? Who were involved in the story? What problem did the fly have? How did he overcome his problem? Then what happened to the bull? What is the message of the story? What do you call a story that talks about animals which can speak like humans?

DID YOU KNOW? Stories that point out lessons are called Fables. Fables entertain, but they also tell important truths about the way people act. Some writers of fables state the lesson, or the moral at the end of the story.

p.58 SECOND CHALLENGE Does a fable always talk about animals. Listen to Mike, telling the story of The Silver Key. While listening fill in the blank spaces with the words you hear.

The Silver Key There was a traveler going to a (1)____ town. When he reached the town it was almost midnight. He came to an (2) ____ but found it was locked from inside. He (3) ____ at the door. Who are you? asked a voice from inside the inn. What do you want? The door cannot be (4) ____ at such an (5) ____ hour. The traveler needed rest, food, and shelter. He said, Please, innkeeper, (6) ____ the door. See, how cold outside! Its a (7) ____ lock and can be opened only with a silver key, replied the innkeeper. The traveler passed a silver (8) ____ through a (9) ____ in the door, got the door unlocked and entered into the inn. I have left one of my two bags outside, said the traveler. Will you please bring it in? No sooner had the innkeeper gone out than the traveler locked the door from inside. The (10) ____ innkeeper was now shut out.

He (11) ____ the traveler to unlock the door. Im helpless, replied the traveler. Its a strange lock. It can be opened only with a silver key. The innkeeper was (12) ____to push through the slit a silver coin. The traveler got back his rupee and unlocked the door. (Taken from: Angels moral story Moral of the story: TIT- FOR- TAT

p.59 Find out:1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Does the the story tell you about animals or humans? Who are the participants in this story? What was the travelers problem? How could he solve his problem? What was the innkeepers problem? And how could he solve his problem? What is the message of the story? What do you call a story that teaches us a moral lesson?

D.THIRD CHALLENGE Analyze this folk tale. Pay attention to its structure and language features. Then answer the questions.

Bandung Bondowoso and Roro Jonggrang (The Legend of Prambanan Temple) Once, there was a beautiful Javanese princess wh?se name was Roro Jonggrang. Roro Jonggrang whose beauty was very famous in the land was the daughter of Prabu Baka, an evil king. One day, a handsome young man with super natural power, named Bandung Bondowoso, defeated and killed Prabu Baka. On seeing Princess Roro Jonggrangs beauty,

Bandung Bondowoso fell in love and wanted to marry her. Meanwhile, Princess Roro Jonggrang flt_sad due to the death of her father. She did not want to marry Bandung because he had killed her father. But she was also afraid of Bandung. So to refuse politely, she made a condition. I will marry you but you have to build one thousand temples in one night as a wedding gift. requested Roro Jonggrang. Bandung agreed with this condition. Helped by the spirits of demons, Bandung Bondowoso started building the temples. Approaching midnight, the work was nearly done. Roro Jonggrang knew and thought, What shall I do? Bandung is smarter than me. I will lose against Bandung. Suddenly she got an idea. She woke up all the women in the palace and ordered them to make the noisy sounds of grinding rice so that the roosters would think it had already dawn.

p.60 Bandung Bondowoso got frustrated because he failed to complete the thousandth temple. The princess has deceived me! Following his anger, he cursed Roro Jonggrang, You have cheated me. Now, the thousandth temple is you! At once, the princess turned into a statue. Knowing this, Bandung Bondowoso regretted this and he went away into a far land. From then, people called the temple Prambanan Temple and the princess statue, Roro Jonggrang statue.

Find out:1. 2.

Who were the participants in the story? What problem did Bandung Bondowoso have?

3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

What problem did Roro Jonggrang have? How did they solve their problem? Does the story have happy or sad ending? What tenses is mostly used in the story? Find the adverbs that indicate the story happened in the past!

8.

Underline the direct speech.

Hand in Hand YOUR PROJECT Work in groups of four. Finish the following stow. Pay attention to text organization of a narrative.

Title Orientation his mother.

: The Suitable Bride : A young shepherd lived in a village with

His mother desperately wanted him to get married as soon as possible. He knew three young and beautiful girls. However, they all were equally beautiful; he did not know which one to choose as his bride. Resolution : ___________________

Complication : ___________________ Resolution : ___________________

P.61 Show It Off MISSION Write your own narrative. Use your imagination and be as creative as possible. Now, it is the time for you to write your own narrative. Choose a very well-known legend, tale, myth, fable or

fairy tale in your town. Make a rough draft first. Use the generic structure of a narrative. Consult your teacher before developing the final draft into a long story

HINT. Use this checklist to guide your writing. Have I described the characters in the orientation in an interesting way? Have I written the complication clearly? Does each paragraph have enough information so that the reader understand what Im writing? Have I used words showing events in order such as: next, after, meanwhile, at last, afterward, etc. Have I used the correct simple past tense in my writing? Have I used the correct pronouns for my writing? Did I use the correct punctuation and capitalization and correct spelling?

p.65 Arrange the following pictures in order

Get It Right

THINK ABOUT IT Read the following information. The expression of Would you like . . . ? is normal used for offering something to someone. Tuti Mrs Shelley : Would you like a cup of tea, Mrs Shelley? : Yes, please. Thank you. Hmmm... this tea

tastes good and smells fragrant too. Tuti : Thank you. Im glad you like it.

Ways to say it Offering to older people: Would you like a cup of coffee, Mr Green? Should I get you a bottle of water? Could I offer you a glass of lemonade, Mrs Lina? Would you care for some salad?

Offering to friends: Want some? Have some. Chocolate? Glass of lemonade? Grab some for yourself.

Less formal expressions: Would you like to have a pancake? Why dont you have some lemonade? What can I get for you? What will you have?

Declining an offer: No, thanks. No, I really wont. thank you. Not for me thanks. No, thanks. Im not hungry. ;1

Accepting an offer: Thank you.

Yes, please. Id like it very much. Thank you. I would. That would be very nice.

p.66 B. TRY THIS Work in pairs. Practice offering the following things. Accept or decline the offer.

C.ENJOY THIS Practice offering expressions in a chain. e.g. : Student A Student B : Would you like a glass of juice? :Yes, please. How about you (student Cs

name), would you like a banana? Student C : Id like it very much. How about you (student Ds name), want some pizza? Student D Student E: : :

(all students in the class)

HINT: If your friends answer is unclear, you can say: 1 beg your pardon, what did you say?

p.67 Cultural Awareness

Read the text below. Then, answer the questions.

TEA TIME All around the world, people drink tea. But tea does not mean the same thing to everyone. In different countries, people have very different ideas about drinking tea. In China, for example, tea is always served when people get together. The Chinese drink it at any time of day, at home, or in a tea house. They prefer their tea plain, with nothing else in it. Tea is also important in Japan. The Japanese have a special way of serving tea, called a tea ceremony. There is even a special room for it in Japanese homes. Another tea drinking country is England. In England the late afternoon is tea time. Almost everyone has a cup of tea then. The English usually make tea in a teapot and drink it with cream and sugar. They also eat cakes, cookies and little sandwiches at tea time. In the United States people drink tea mostly for breakfast or after meals. Americans usually have tea in teapots. In the summer, many Americans drink cold tea called iced tea. They sometimes drink iced tea from cans, like soda.

Find out:1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

What is the passage about? When do Chinese drink tea? Where can we find a tea ceremony? When is tea time in England? What do English people do at tea time? How do Americans make tea?

p.68

TRY THIS Listen to Mike talking about how to make a cheese omelet. While listening, fill in the blanks. Then, answer the questions.

Have you ever eaten a cheese omelet? Do you know how to make a Cheese Omelet? No? Would you like me to tell you? Okay. This is the (1) ____ . listen to me. To make a Cheese Omelet, you should prepare ingredients such as (2) ____ egg, (3) ____ grams of cheese, uhm... . . (4) ____cups of milk, three (5) ____ of cooking oil, Uhm. . . what else ? Oh, yeah, a pinch of salt and dont forget some (6) ____Now, (7) ____ a Cheese Omelet, you will need some kitchen utensils like a frying (8) ____ a fork, a whisk, a spatula, slim a cheese grater ... and a bowl and of course . . . a plate. Okay? Are you following me? Right! Let me tell you how to make it. First, (9) ____ an egg into a bowl like this. Then whisk the egg with a (10) ____ until it is smooth. (11) ____add some milk and whisk well. Grate the cheese into the bowl and (12) ____ Next, heat the oil in a frying pan, and pour the mixture into the frying pan. (13) ____ turn the omelet with a spatula when it (14) ____ . See, like this. Okay, next cook both sides. After the omelet is done, place it on a (15) ____ , dont forget to season it with salt and pepper and you can eat it while it is warm. Its easy, isnt it? Bon appetite!

Find out:1. 2.

What kitchen utensils do you need to make an omelet? Mention some ingredients you must prepare to make an omelet?

3.

Approximately, how many steps does it take to make a cheese omelet?

4.

Where do you think the monolog probably took place?

5.

In your opinion, was Mike reading a text while making the omelet or was he speaking directly while making the omelet?

6.

Is the text above spoken or written language? Is it interactive or not?

7. 8.

What do you call this kind of text? Who are the listeners?

p.70 B. TRY THIS Complete the paragraphs using the sentence connectors of actions in order.

How to boil an egg Do you know how to boil an egg? Well, this is the way (1)_____ heat a saucepan of water on the stove. (2) _____ put the egg in the boiling water. (3) _____ heat it until it boils. (4) _____ cook it for three minutes. (5) _____ leave the egg until it cools. Now, the egg is ready to serve. (6) _____ serve it with pepper powder and salt.

p.71 How to make instant fried noodles Look, here, were going to make instant fried noodles, okay? Listen to me. (1_____) heat a saucepan of water until it boils. (2) _____ put the noodles in the boiling water. (3) _____ put the seasoning and oil into a plate. (4) _____ the noodles are cooked, take them out of the water and drain well. (5) _____ mix the noodles well and (6) _____ put some chili sauce and the soy-bean sauce. (7) _____ serve the noodles on a plate and (8) _____ top them with fried onions and garnish them with a slice of tomato, egg and put some celery in it.

Moving Forward YOUR CHALLENGE Listen to the cassette. Arrange the following jumbled instructions. Then identify the goal, material(s) needed, and steps. Then, take turns reading it aloud to your partner.

Listen carefully.A.

First, wash some rice in cold water. Like this. Second, put the rice with some water in a pot.

B. C.

Cooking Rice After that, put the rice to the simmer and steam it for about 45 minutes. Now, the rice is ready to be served.

D.

Well, to cook rice you will need some rice and water. Now, let me tell you steps of cooking rice.

E.

Then, boil and cool it slowly for about 20 minutes. (After 20 minutes) See, there is no more water now]

Find out:1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

What is this text talking about? Where can you find this text? Who usually reads the text? What is the purpose of this text? What materials are needed to cook rice? What kitchen utensils are needed to cook rice? How many steps are there in the instructions?

Hand in Hand A. FIRST PROJECT Work in pairs. Study the following pictures and create a monolog about how to make a tomato sandwich. HINT You can use the following model to help you. Well, my friends, have you ever eaten a sandwich? Do you like it? All right, Uhm .... do you know how to make a

tomato sandwich? No? Would you like me to tell you? Okay. Here we go. Listen to me. To make a___________ ,you___________and uhm .... , what else ....? Oh, yeah, and dont forget ___________ Now, to make a tomato sandwich, first, like this. Then ______ After that, . Then ______________See, like this. Dont forget . Now ________ B.SECOND PROJECT Work in pairs. Complete these instructions.1.

Prepare several picture cards describing materials needed to make chicken soup.

2.

Student A will show student B how to cook the chicken soup.

3.

Student B points and shows the correct picture cards in responding to student As instructions.

p.73 HINT: Begin your dialog like this: Student A : Look, Mom is away, and we have nothing : Well, I think Id like some chicken soup,

to eat. What are we going to have for lunch and dinner? Student B but I cant make it. Can you? Student A know. Student B Student A Student B : That would be great. So what do we need? : First, we need carrots and potatoes. :Carrots . . . Potatoes . . . Ah . . . here they : Of course, I can. Im a good cook, you

are. (showing the pictures) Student A peas. Student B : There you are. (showing the pictures) : And we need celery, green onions, green

Student A Student B pictures) Student A Student B Student A Student B

: Chicken and sausages. : Chicken . . . and sausages. (showing the : And dont forget the seasonings. : Sorry? : Salt, margarine and pepper. : Oh, okay. Here they are. (showing the

cards) Well, what should we

do with all these materials? Student A : First,________________ etc.

End your dialog like this: Student A a bowl. Student B : Wonderful. You have proved yourself to : When the soup is ready, you can serve it in

be a good cook. Student A : Thanks.

P.75 Getting Started 1. Understanding rules . LETS TALK Read the following notice and answer the questions.

HOTEL ROYAL TAIPEI ROOM 1036 When Checking Out: Check out by 12:00 noon. Be sure to take all your personal belongings. Leave your keys at the front desk. Ask for the bill and pay at the cashiers desk.

In Case of Fire: Go to the nearest FIRE ALARM box and pull the alarm. Fire extinguishers are available next to each fire alarm box. Do not use elevators. Follow the signs to the nearest EMERGENcY EXIT in the order to evacuate the building. Hotel manager

Find Out: 1. Where can you find this type of notice? 2. Can you leave your room at 1:00 p.m.? Why/why not? 3. What should you do before you leave your room? 4. Where can you get your bill? 5. In case of fire, can you use an elevator? 6. What should you do when a fire happens? 7. What arc the fire extinguishers used for?

p.76 2. Following instructions to fill in a form B.TRY THIS Fill in the form below. Follow these instructions. 1. Write the date/month/year. 2. Fill the account number in the box provided (Your account number is 999-67235577). 3. Select the account type by putting (/) in the appropriate box. 4. Mention the amount of money in numbers (you want to withdraw a half million rupiah) and write the amount of money in letters. 5. Sign your name.

p.77 C. discuss with your friends to answer these questions.1. 2.

Have you ever traveled by airplane? How many times have you traveled by airplane? Where did you go?

3.

Why must you fasten your seatbelt during takeoff and landing?

4. 5.

Can people smoke in an airplane? Why? Must we turn off our mobile phone when going by plane? Why?

D.Listen to the instructions of the correct procedures to use a life jacket, then put the correct order of the numbers in the pictures.

p.78 TRY THIS Look at the pictures below. The person in the picture isnt saying appropriate expression. Put the expressions in the correct picture.

p.79 ENJOY THIS Work in pairs. Make a short dialog based on the signs in the picture below. See the example. e.g.: Policeman Man : What does this sign mean? : It means: Dont smoke in this area.

TRY THIS Answer the following questions orally. 1. Where would you find these signs?

p.80 2. What about these ones? Why do people use these signs?

3. What signs would you likely find in these places?a. b. c. d. e.

in the zoo in a library in a bank on an aeroplane in a mall

D.TRY THIS Fill in the blank spaces with the suitable imperatives. Positive Commands 1. _______ your shoes when you enter a mosque. 2. _______ the light Its dark here.

3. _______ to bed now Its late at night. 4. _______ him up, or he will be late for school 5. _______ another cake. There are still many in the cupboard. 6. _______ here till I come back. 7. _______ the truth or Ill report you to the police. 8. _______ the TV The programs are not interesting. 9. _______ a tie. This is a formal investigation. 10. _______ an umbrella. It looks like to rain.

p.81 Negative Commands 1. _______ so much noise. The baby is sleeping. 2. _______ rude. Youre talking to the teacher. 3. _______ it. We dont have any left. 4. _______ too loud. They will hear us. 5. _______ angry. Im just looking. 6. _______ with your mouthful. Youll choke. 7. _______ time. Time is money. 8. _______ this electric wire. Youll get a shock. 9. _______ late at night. You cant get up early tomorrow. 10. _______ afraid. Im with you and by your side. E. TRY THIS Supply the following pictured-instructions with the \,propriate imperative verbs. Serving an easy instant boiled noodles .

p.82 WORK IN PAIRS Fill in the blank spaces with must or mustnt.

Before you board a plane, you (1)______ show your boarding card. You (2) ______ fasten your seatbelt during take-off, landing, and during the flight when the sign is lit up. Passengers (3) ______ use celiphones on board. You use the toilet during take-off or landing, and you (5) ______ smoke in the toilet at any time. Passengers (6) ______smoke in the nonsmoking area. After landing, you (7) ______ stay in your seat until the aircraft has come to a standstill. ENJOY THIS Make dialog based on the following situations. Situation : Your cousin is going away for a month. While he is away, he is going to lend his car to you. He leaves you a message telling what needed to be done and what is not allowed to be done to his car. Cousin : Hi, Im going away to Hawaii with my : Wow! Thats great! How long will you be

wife for our honeymoon. You away? Cousin You Cousin You Cousin You Cousin You Cousin : ______________ ______ _______ : ______________ ______ _______ : ______________ ______ _______ : ______________ ______ _______ : Now, heres what you have to do: ______ : Yes, I will. : Do you understand what I have told you? : Of course I do. : Good for you. Well, I think thats all.

You

: Okay. Have a nice honeymoon!

p.83 TRY THIS Complete the paragraphs using the appropriate sentence connectors.

These are the steps to operate your Microsoft Windows XP computer. (1)_____ switch on your computer. Wait for The Microsoft Windows XP desktop to appear.

(2) _____ click the START button on the bottom-left corner hand task bar, select the PROGRAM and click. (3) _____ , the Ms Word screen will appear. (4) _____ , you can start typing. To save a document or a file, you can follow these steps. (5) _____, select and click FILE in the upper-left hand corner task bar. Then, select SAVE as if you want to save the file for the first time. Name the file and (6) _____ , click the SAVE button. Now, after you have finished working with your computer, you may turn it off by doing the following steps. (7) _____ , save your work. (8) _____ click the CLOSE button. (9) click START and select TURN OFF button. (10) _____ , the

computer will end its program.

p.84 Moving Forward YOUR CHALLENGE Read the following text about how to play the hole game. Then, answer the questions.

The Hole Game Two players, one marble per person, a hole in ground, a line (distance) to start from.

1. You must dub (click marbles together). 2. You must check that the marbles are in good condition and are nearly worth the same value. 3. Dig a hole in the ground and draw a line, fair distance away from the hole. 4. The first player carefully throws his or her marble towards the hole. 5. Then the second player tries to throw his or her marble closer to the hole than his or her opponent. 6. The player whose marble is closest to the hole tries to flick his/her marble into the hole. If successful, this player tries to flick his or her opponents marble into the hole. The person flicking the last marble into the hole wins and gets to keep both marbles. (Taken from the hole game)

Find out: 1. What does the text tell us about? 2. How many players are involved in the game? 3. What important thing is used in the game? 4. How many steps are there in the instruction? 5. How can a player win the game?

p.85 Hand in Hand FIRST PROJECT Rewrite this text with the correct punctuation and capitalization. how to cross the Street safely theres more to pedestrian safety than looking both ways these guidelines follow the recommendations of the

national highway traffic safety administration choose a corner where cars tend to Slow down the most when crossing the street look to your left to your right and to your left again before crossing the street continue looking to the side as you proceed once you have determined that you can cross the street safely understand and obey crossing signals do not start to cross until the walk sign appears but if you have already started to cross the street get to the other side as quickly as possible remain alert to drivers lights engine noises and other indications of oncoming cars both before and as you cross the Street. (Taken from: www.h ow-to-cross.com)

SECOND PROJECT. Analyze the text above. Identify the goal a