Training Turbin

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    TURBINTURBINUAPUAP

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    PENGERTIAN

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    JENIS TURBIN UAPJENIS TURBIN UAP

    - Berdasarkan proses transformasi energi:Berdasarkan proses transformasi energi:

    - Turbine impulse- Turbine impulse

    - Turbin reaksi- Turbin reaksi- Berdasarkan tekanan uap keluar turbinBerdasarkan tekanan uap keluar turbin

    - Back pressure- Back pressure

    - Condensing- Condensing

    - Berdasarkan tekanan uap masuk turbinBerdasarkan tekanan uap masuk turbin- Tekanan super kritis ( 225 bar )- Tekanan super kritis ( 225 bar )

    - Tekanan sangat tinggi ( 170 bar keatas )- Tekanan sangat tinggi ( 170 bar keatas )

    - Tekanan tinggi ( diatas 0 bar )!- Tekanan tinggi ( diatas 0 bar )!

    - Tekanan menenga" ( s#d 0 bar )!- Tekanan menenga" ( s#d 0 bar )!

    - Tekanan renda" ( 1$2 % 2bar abs )- Tekanan renda" ( 1$2 % 2bar abs )- Berdasarkan pengaturan uap masukBerdasarkan pengaturan uap masuk

    - Constant pressure &it" t"rottle control!- Constant pressure &it" t"rottle control!- Constant pressure &it" 'ole control!- Constant pressure &it" 'ole control!

    - liding pressure- liding pressure

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    TURBIN IMPULSTURBIN IMPULS

    PROSES EKSPANSI UAP HANYAPROSES EKSPANSI UAP HANYA

    TERJADI PADA SUDU TETAPNYATERJADI PADA SUDU TETAPNYA

    SAJA.SAJA.

    TURBIN IMPULS BISA TERDIRI DARITURBIN IMPULS BISA TERDIRI DARI

    TINGKAT TUNGGAL (SEDERHANA)TINGKAT TUNGGAL (SEDERHANA)

    BISA JUGA BERTINGKAT BANYAKBISA JUGA BERTINGKAT BANYAK

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    TURBIN IMPULSTURBIN IMPULS

    BISA BERUPA KECEPATANBISA BERUPA KECEPATAN

    BERTINGKAT (TURBIN CURTIS)BERTINGKAT (TURBIN CURTIS)

    BISA TEKANAN BERTINGKATBISA TEKANAN BERTINGKAT(TURBIN RATEAU)(TURBIN RATEAU)

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    TURBIN REAKSITURBIN REAKSI

    JIKA PROSES EKSPANSI FLUIDAJIKA PROSES EKSPANSI FLUIDA

    KERJA (UAP) TERJADI PADA SUDUKERJA (UAP) TERJADI PADA SUDU

    TETAP DAN SUDU JALANTETAP DAN SUDU JALAN

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    GRAFIK TURBIN IMPULSGRAFIK TURBIN IMPULS

    KECEPATAN BERTINGKATKECEPATAN BERTINGKAT

    ..

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    GRAFIK TURBIN IMPULSGRAFIK TURBIN IMPULS

    TEKANAN BERTINGKATTEKANAN BERTINGKAT

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    IMPULS KECEPATAN DANIMPULS KECEPATAN DAN

    TEKANAN BERTINGKATTEKANAN BERTINGKAT ..

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    GRAFIK TURBIN REAKSIGRAFIK TURBIN REAKSI

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    TURBIN DENGAN SUDU CURTISTURBIN DENGAN SUDU CURTIS

    DAN PORSONDAN PORSON ..

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    Name Plate Turbin PJBName Plate Turbin PJB

    Up Pait!nUp Pait!n

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    Turbin Di PJB Up Pait!nTurbin Di PJB Up Pait!n

    Merk : To!"#$ %&'e TCFMerk : To!"#$ %&'e TCF

    TCF $$*$! %$+e, Co,'o+ F*o /TCF $$*$! %$+e, Co,'o+ F*o /

    0&*"+er.0&*"+er.

    1 C&*"+er +%k HP $+ IP21 C&*"+er +%k HP $+ IP2

    3 C&*"+er +%k LP A $+ LP B.3 C&*"+er +%k LP A $+ LP B.

    &$+4 ",$k F*o $$*$! 5,*$!&$+4 ",$k F*o $$*$! 5,*$!

    $*r$+ $' $r" %r#"+ ,e+5 0o+e+or2$*r$+ $' $r" %r#"+ ,e+5 0o+e+or2&$"% 3 6*o '$$ LPA $+ 3 6*o '$$ LPB&$"% 3 6*o '$$ LPA $+ 3 6*o '$$ LPB

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    Turbin Di PJB Up Pait!nTurbin Di PJB Up Pait!nTek$+$+ $' ,$k %r#"+ $$% %$r% "#$4" $%$ :Tek$+$+ $' ,$k %r#"+ $$% %$r% "#$4" $%$ :

    $. F"7 Prere2 &$"% %ek$+$+ $' e#e$r 89 K40,3 &$+4 "#er"k$+$. F"7 Prere2 &$"% %ek$+$+ $' e#e$r 89 K40,3 &$+4 "#er"k$+$$% %$+'$ #e#$+ !"+44$ #e#$+ ,e+0$'$" 139 M; '$$ '%$r$+$$% %$+'$ #e#$+ !"+44$ #e#$+ ,e+0$'$" 139 M; '$$ '%$r$+/999 r',/999 r',

    #. S*""+4 Prere2 &$"% %ek$+$+ $' "+$"kk$+ !"+44$ 'rere#. S*""+4 Prere2 &$"% %ek$+$+ $' "+$"kk$+ !"+44$ 'rere,e+0$'$" 1

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    KELENGKAPAN TURBIN UAPKELENGKAPAN TURBIN UAP

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    Turbin Di PJB Up Pait!nTurbin Di PJB Up Pait!n

    Per$*$%$+ &$+4 "'$$+4 '$$ %r#"+ :Per$*$%$+ &$+4 "'$$+4 '$$ %r#"+ :

    1.1. Tr+"+4 4e$rTr+"+4 4e$r

    3.3. Po,'$ !&r$*"0 $+ 'e*,$Po,'$ !&r$*"0 $+ 'e*,$

    /./.

    I+%r,e+% De%ek" >"#r$"I+%r,e+% De%ek" >"#r$"

    .. I+%r,e+% De%ek" Te,'er$%r Me%$*I+%r,e+% De%ek" Te,'er$%r Me%$*

    @.@. I+%r,e+% De%ek" 'o"" 'oro %!' 0$"+4I+%r,e+% De%ek" 'o"" 'oro %!' 0$"+4

    $0, #re$ker.. Co+e+or +%k 'e+4e,#+$+ $' #ek$ $+Co+e+or +%k 'e+4e,#+$+ $' #ek$ $+

    ,e,'er%"+44" e66""e+&,e,'er%"+44" e66""e+&

    =.=. Go?er+or $+ 0o+%ro* ?$*?eGo?er+or $+ 0o+%ro* ?$*?e

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    KERUGIAN KERUGIANKERUGIAN KERUGIAN

    Ker4"$+ "+%er+$* &$"% ker4"$+ &$+4Ker4"$+ "+%er+$* &$"% ker4"$+ &$+4

    #erk$"%$+ e+4$+ 5$*$++&$ $'#erk$"%$+ e+4$+ 5$*$++&$ $'

    "$*$, %r#"+."$*$, %r#"+.

    Ker4"$+ e7%er+$* &$"% ker4"$+Ker4"$+ e7%er+$* &$"% ker4"$+

    &$+4 %"$k #erk$"%$+ e+4$+&$+4 %"$k #erk$"%$+ e+4$+

    5$*$++&$ $' "$*$, %r#"+ e'er%"5$*$++&$ $' "$*$, %r#"+ e'er%"

    ker4"$+ ,ek$+"k $+ ker4"$+ker4"$+ ,ek$+"k $+ ker4"$+'er$'$%$+ $' '$$ 'oro %r#"+.'er$'$%$+ $' '$$ 'oro %r#"+.

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    KERUGIAN INTERNALKERUGIAN INTERNAL

    " Keru#ian $i$alam %atup pe&

    n#atur uap ma'u% turbin ()" Keru#ian $i$alam n!**le atau

    'u$u tetap +n" Keru#ian $i$lm 'u$u ,alan +b" Keru#ian %arena uap menin#&

    #al%an 'u$u +l" Keru#ian %arena #e'e%an uap

    $en#an -a%ra peme#an# 'u$u" Keru#ian pa$a perapatan an&

    tar tin#%at 'u$u . labirint /

    " Keru#ian a%ibat uap ba'a+

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    KERUGIAN LABIRINTKERUGIAN LABIRINT

    Te%anan uap 'ebelum n!&

    *el 0an# lebi+ tin##i $ari

    te%anan 'e'u$a+n0a me&

    n0ebab%an uap men#alir

    melalui -ela+ $iantara -a&%ra n!*el $an p!r!' Un&

    tu% memper%e-il %eb!-!r&

    an ini $ipa'an# perapat

    0an# $i%enal $en#an na&

    ma labirint 'eal1 namun

    $emi%ian perapatan ini

    ti$a% $apat men#+ilan#&

    %an 'epenu+n0a %eb!&

    -!ran ter'ebut

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    KERUGIAN DLM SUDUKERUGIAN DLM SUDU

    Ketebalan 'u$u bai% pa$a 'i'i ma'u% maupun pa$a 'i'i %eluaratau %e%a'aran permu%aan 'u$u a%an men0ebab%an uap

    men#alir turbulen2 berpu'ar pu'ar

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    KERUGIAN UAPKERUGIAN UAP

    MENINGGALKAN SUDUMENINGGALKAN SUDU

    Ke-epatan uap %eluar n!*elmen0ebab%an 3a%uum pa$a 'ela

    'ela antara 'u$u tetap . n!*el /

    $an 'u$u ,alan A%ibatn0a uap

    be%a' %eluar 'u$u ,alan %embali

    la#i ter'e$!t !le+ aliran uap baru

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    KERUGIAN KEBASAHAN UAPKERUGIAN KEBASAHAN UAP

    P$$ $k!"r $k$+ %er5$"P$$ $k!"r $k$+ %er5$"

    'e+4-e,#+$+ e#$4"$+ $''e+4-e,#+$+ e#$4"$+ $'

    ,e+5$" #%"r #%"r $"r,e+5$" #%"r #%"r $"r

    B%"r #%"r $"r "+" 5$*$++&$ $k$+ *e#"!B%"r #%"r $"r "+" 5$*$++&$ $k$+ *e#"!

    *$,-#$% $r" $' k$re+$ "% "$*$,-#$% $r" $' k$re+$ "% "$

    ,e+4!$,#$% $*"r$+ $'.,e+4!$,#$% $*"r$+ $'.

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    KEBASAHAN UAPKEBASAHAN UAP

    Uap ba'a+ atau uap 0an# men#an$un# air a%an men0ebab%an er!'i1

    pa$a 'u$u turbin1 %arena itu butir butir air +aru' $i%eluar%an $ari laluan

    uap melalui 'aluran e4tra-ti!n $an %+u'u'n0a pa$a 'u$u tetap tin#%at

    tera%+ir $iberi 'aluran penan#%ap $an pembuan# air

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    PUTARAN KRITISPUTARAN KRITIS

    P%$r$+ kr"%" $$*$! '%$r$+ ",$+$ %er5$" ke$,$$+P%$r$+ kr"%" $$*$! '%$r$+ ",$+$ %er5$" ke$,$$+

    6ree+" $+%$r$ 4e%$r$+ 'r"#$" ( +$%r$* ?"#r$%"o+ )6ree+" $+%$r$ 4e%$r$+ 'r"#$" ( +$%r$* ?"#r$%"o+ )

    e+4$+ 6ree+" 4e-%$r$+ k$re+$ '%$r$+ 'oro.e+4$+ 6ree+" 4e-%$r$+ k$re+$ '%$r$+ 'oro.

    Be$r+&$ '%$r$+ kr"%" :Be$r+&$ '%$r$+ kr"%" :

    G

    300n

    cr =

    Dimana 5 6 #a0a 0an# $iperlu%an untu% melen$ut%an p!r!'

    turbin 'ebe'ar 7 -m

    G 6 Berat p!r!' turbin

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    PUTARAN KRITIS UNTUK GABUNGANPUTARAN KRITIS UNTUK GABUNGAN

    POROS TURBIN GENERATORPOROS TURBIN GENERATOR

    Untu% p!r!' turbin 0an# $itumpu $en#an ban0a% bantalan $en#an

    'ambun#an %!plin# -riti-al 'pee$ $imili%i !le+ ma'in# ma'in# p!r!'8

    a 9 + untu% #enerat!r1 # e4-iter1 b )P turbine1 - IP turbine1 $ e : LP turbine

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    Putaran Kriti' $i TurbinPutaran Kriti' $i Turbin

    PJB Up Pait!nPJB Up Pait!n P%$r$+ kr"%" '$$ %r#"+ PJB U'. P$"%o+ :P%$r$+ kr"%" '$$ %r#"+ PJB U'. P$"%o+ :

    HP $+ IP %r#"+ 39/9 R',HP $+ IP %r#"+ 39/9 R',

    LPA 3989 R',LPA 3989 R',

    LPB 3139 R',LPB 3139 R',

    Ge+er$%or 1999 R',Ge+er$%or 1999 R',

    P$$ $$% S'ee U' (,e+$"kk$+ '%$r$+ %r#"+ $r"P$$ $$% S'ee U' (,e+$"kk$+ '%$r$+ %r#"+ $r"

    9 r', !"+44$ /999 r',)2 '%$r$+ %r#"+ %"$k9 r', !"+44$ /999 r',)2 '%$r$+ %r#"+ %"$k

    #o*e! "%$!$+ $*$, $k% *$,$ $+%$r$#o*e! "%$!$+ $*$, $k% *$,$ $+%$r$'%$r$+ 99 r', /999 r', +%k ,e+4!"+$r"'%$r$+ 99 r', /999 r', +%k ,e+4!"+$r"

    '%$r$+ kr"%" ('%$r$+ kr"%" !$r "*$*" e0e'$%'%$r$+ kr"%" ('%$r$+ kr"%" !$r "*$*" e0e'$%,+4k"+),+4k"+)

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    PERLAKUA