Soal OSN Geografi 2013

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ini merupakan kumpulan soal OSN yang pernah geografi diujikan pada tahun 2013. ketika mendownload jangan lupa mengunjungi http://sofyanto-medan.blogspot.co.id/2015/01/soal-olimpiade-geografi.htmldan ikuti terus Update dari blog tersebut

Transcript of Soal OSN Geografi 2013

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    BAGIANIIKLIMDANPERUBAHANNYA

    1. Padawaktubelakanganini,masyarakatduniaseringkalidihadapkanpadapemberitaan

    pemberitaan mengenai perubahan iklim yang melanda dunia ini. Baik pemberitaanmengenai dampakdampaknya, maupun fenomenafenomena perubahan iklim yangterjadi belakangan ini. Perubahan iklim ini menjadi tantangan bersama masyarakatdunia secara keseluruhan. Dibuktikan dengan berdirinya banyak organisasi yangberkaitan dengan perubahan iklim, serta konvensikonvensi internasional yangmembahas mengenai perubahan iklim. Beberapa organisasi tersebut adalah IPCC,UNFCCC,dan lainlain.Beberapa aturan internasional telahditelurkanpulamengenaiperubahaniklim,salahsatuyangtermahsyuradalahProtokolKyoto.

    (a) MenurutSaudara,apayangdimaksudperubahaniklim?

    ..................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................... ..............................................................................................................................[3] (b) Menurut IPCC (Intergovermental Panel on Climate Change), apa yang dimaksud

    perubahaniklim? ..................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................... ..............................................................................................................................[2]

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    (c) Apakahyangmenyebabkanterjadinyaperubahaniklim? ..................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................... ..............................................................................................................................[3] (d) ApakahintidariProtokolKyoto? ..................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................... ..............................................................................................................................[2]

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    BAGIANIIKEPENDUDUKANDANDINAMIKAPENDUDUK

    2. (a) Gambar 1 menunjukkan distribusi wilayah di dunia yang memiliki kepadatan

    penduduktinggi.

    Sumbergambar:www.wikipedia.org

    Gambar1 (i) Benua manakah yang memiliki wilayah dengan kepadatan penduduk tinggi

    lebihdariseparuhwilayahbenuatersebut? ..........................................................................................................................[1] (ii) Sebutkan nama dua negara kepulauan yang memiliki kepadatan penduduk

    tinggidiseluruhwilayahkepulauantersebut! ..........................................................................................................................[2] (iii) Benua manakah yang memiliki wilayah dengan kepadatan penduduk tinggi

    yangterkecil? ..........................................................................................................................[1]

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    (b) DenganmemperhatikanGambar 1 di atas, deskripsikan pola umum penyebarankonsentrasipendudukdiAustraliabesertaalasannya!

    ..................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................[3] (c) Berikanalasanmengapa tidakadawilayahdengankepadatanpenduduk tinggidi

    kawasanLingkarArtik? ..................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................[3]

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    BAGIANIIIGEOGRAFIPERTANIANDANPERMASALAHANPANGAN

    3. Perhatikan Gambar 2 di bawah ini, gambar ini menunjukkan layering atau lapisan

    lapisan yang terdapat pada hutan hujan tropis. Terdapat empat lapisan pada hutanhujantropisyangdibedakanberdasarkanketinggianvegetasinya.

    Sumbergambar:www.srl.caltech.edu/personnel/krubal/rainforest

    Gambar2

    (a) Sebutkanempat lapisan (berikut rentang ketinggianmasingmasing lapisan) yangterdapatpadahutanhujantropis!

    ..................................................................................................................................... .............................................................................................................................. ..............................................................................................................................[2] (b) Deskripsikantigaciricirihutanhujantropis! ..................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................... ..............................................................................................................................[3]

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    (c) Jelaskansekurangnyaduahalbagaimanabentukdariadaptasitanamandikawasanhutanhujantropis!

    ..................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................[2] (d) Jelaskansiklusnutrisiyangterjadipadahutanhujantropis! ..................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................[3]

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    BAGIANIVSUMBERDAYADANMANAJEMENSUMBERDAYA

    4. (a) Gambar 3 memberikan informasi tentang statistik penggunaan bahan bakar di

    pembangkitlistrikdiseluruhInggrisRayatahun2008danstatistikkeluarannya.

    Sumber:IGCSECambridge0460

    Gambar3 (i) Bahanbakar jenis apa yang paling banyak digunakan sebagai sumber energi

    pembangkitlistrikdiInggrisRaya? ..........................................................................................................................[1] (ii) Perkirakanlahberapabanyakbahanbakarnuklirdipergunakandalam satuan

    millionsoftonnesofoilequivalent(ekuivalenjutatonminyak)!TunjukkanpulaprosesperhitunganSaudara!

    .............................................................................................................................. ...................................................................