V. S b Cl /A k K l Sub Class/Anak Kelas : ROSIDAE (18 ordo) Peru balsam) sap Tephrosia vogelii (Ind....

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Transcript of V. S b Cl /A k K l Sub Class/Anak Kelas : ROSIDAE (18 ordo) Peru balsam) sap Tephrosia vogelii (Ind....

  • V S b Cl /A k K l V. Sub Class/Anak Kelas : ROSIDAE (18 ordo)ROSIDAE (18 ordo)

  • Bangsa ROSALES (24 Suku)

    Suku CRASSULACEAE sukulen

    Kalanchoe pinnata(b ti i / b b k) Ob t d(buntiris/cocor bebek) : Obat demam

    Kalanchoe blossfeldiana

  • Suku ROSACEAE

    Herba/perdu/pohonDaun tunggal/majemuk tersebarDaun tunggal/majemuk, tersebarBunga : tunggal/perbungaan rasemus simosa

    o Ca5 Co5(0) A(5-10)~G1/G~G 5o Sering ada hypanthiumo Terdapat 4/5 tipe bunga ??o Terdapat 4/5 tipe bunga ??o Carpel 1 - ~, lepas/bersatuo Ruang 2 5, ovul 2 - > per u g , u p

    ruangBuah : achem, folliculus, pomum, drupadrupaTerdiri atas 100 marga, 3000 jenis, kosmopolit terutama temperata

  • Rumus Bunga RosidaeRumus Bunga RosidaeRumus Bunga RosidaeRumus Bunga Rosidae

  • Tipe bunga Rosaceae

  • Fragaria vesca

    P l M l d ti

    Fragaria X ananasa Rubus moluccanus

    Pyrus malus = Malus domestica (apel)

    Pyrus communis (pear)

    g Rubus moluccanus (hareueus)

    Eriobotrya japonica (lokat)

    Prunus domestica

    Rosa hybridaParinari sumatranum (ipil)

  • 22 Bangsa FABALES (LEGUMINOSAE)Bangsa FABALES (LEGUMINOSAE)2.2. Bangsa FABALES (LEGUMINOSAE)Bangsa FABALES (LEGUMINOSAE)

    Terdiri atas 3 suku :Terdiri atas 3 suku :1.1. MIMOSACEAEMIMOSACEAE222.2. CAESALPINIACEAECAESALPINIACEAE3.3. FABACEAE / PAPILIONACEAEFABACEAE / PAPILIONACEAE

    1 32

  • Suku MIMOSACEAE (Petai-petaian)Herba, perdu, pohon, liana

    Daun umumnya majemuk bipinnatus

    B k it l ik Bunga , , kapitulum, spika, rasemusCa5 Co5 A5-~, G1, 1 karpel, 1 ruang

    Buah : legum

    Terdiri atas + 40 marga, 2000 jenis

    Mi iMimosa pigra

  • P. Roxburghii (kedawung) Kulit, daun membersihkan luka, mengobati borok

    Biji mengatasi kolik

    Parkia spesiosa (petai) Pithecolobium jiringa Parkia spesiosa (petai) Buah : bahan pangan

    Pithecolobium jiringa (Archidendron jiringa) : sayur

  • Samanea saman pohon pelindungpelindung

    Mimosa invisa

    Mimosa pigra Leucaena leucocephalaMimosa pigra Leucaena leucocephalaDaun, biji untuk obat diabetes melitus,cacingan, luka baru dan bengkak

  • Acacia farnesiana/needle bushBunga parfumk k l k b b k

    A. auriculiformis : untuk penghijauan

    Akar, kulit kayu obat batukBuah muda disentri dan inflamasiDaun - gonorrhoea

    A. podalyriae-foliae : tanaman pelindung

  • Entada phaseoloides (cariu) p ( )Biji, kulit kayu untuk obat

    Calliandra calothyrsus (kaliandra) Bunga - madu

    Albizia falcataria Kayu : bahan kertas

  • Acacia senegal /gum arab

    Food : Dried seeds are used as food by humans Gum arabic

    Acacia senegal /gum arab

    Gum arabicIt produces gum arabic, which is used as a food additive, in crafts, and as a cosmetic. The gum is drained from cuts in the bark, and an individual tree will yield 200 to 300 grams. Seventy percent of the world's gum arabic is produced in Sudan.Medicinal usesMedicinal uses

    The gum is used for soothing mucous membranes of the intestine and to treat inflammed skin. It is also reportedly used as for its astringent properties, to treat bleeding, bronchitis, diarrhea, gonorrhea, leprosy, typhoid fever and upper respiratory tract infections.[2]RopeRopeRoots near the surface of the ground are quite useful in making all kinds of very strong ropes and cords. The tree bark is also used to make ropeWood

  • Suku CAESALPINIACEAE (Johar-joharan)

    Pohon, perdu, jarang herba

    daun umumnya majemuk pinnatus/bipinnatus jarang tunggal

    bunga : rasemus, panikula, spika, , Ca5 CoZ5 A10(~) G1, 1 karpel, 1 ruangCo tidak sama besar

    Buah : legum

    +

    Buah : legum

    Terdiri atas 150 marga, 2200 jeniserdiri atas 50 marga, 00 jenis

  • Caesalpinia sappan (secang) : kayu pewarna obat

    C. pulcherrima (kembang merak) : hiasan; biji, daun, bunga - obat

    C. fistula (tengguli) : akar, kulit,

    pewarna, obat

    ( gg ) , ,daun, bunga obat pencahar; kayu anthelmintik

    C. pulcherrima flowerscultivar "Phoenix"

  • Kaliks 5 berdaging

    K l 5 1 k ilKorola 5, 1 kecil

    Antera 10 panjang

  • Delonix regia (flamboyan) : hiasan/pelindungFlamboyant Tree, Peacock Flower, Flame of the Forest The Royal Poinciana has been d ib d th t l f l t i th described as the most colourful tree in the world.

    The tree's vivid Red/Orange/Yellow/Lilac g(Puerto Rico) flowers and bright green foliage in any case make it an exceptionally striking sight

  • C. fistula C. fistula (tengguli) (tengguli) akar, kulit, daun, bunga akar, kulit, daun, bunga obat pencahar; obat pencahar; kayu kayu -- anthelmintikanthelmintik

    Cassia alata / Siamea alata Cassia alata / Siamea alata (ketepeng) (ketepeng) daun daun obat kulitobat kulit

    Cassia siamea = Senna siamea Cassia siamea = Senna siamea (johar) (johar) kayu kayu bangunan; daun bangunan; daun -- obatobat

    Cassia multijuga / S multijugaCassia multijuga / S multijugaCassia multijuga / S. multijugaCassia multijuga / S. multijuga

  • Dialium indum Dialium indum (asam keranji) (asam keranji) jjBuah Buah -- makananmakanan

    Peltophorum pterocarpum (soga) Peltophorum pterocarpum (soga) Kulit kayu - pewarna

    Tamarindus indicus Tamarindus indicus (asam)(asam)

    P l B k D k Haematoxylum campechianum Kayu pewarna haematoksilin

    Polong : Batuk, Demam, Sakit panas, sariawanDaun : Reumatik, Luka baru, Eksim, BisulBiji : Bengkak disengatlipan/lebah, Rambut rontok

  • Suku FABACEAE / PAPILIONACEAE (Kacang-kacangan)(Kacang kacangan)

  • The Fabaceae are traditionally classified into three subfamilies (raised in the alternate classification to the rank of family in the order Fabales), on the basis of flower morphology (specifically, petal shape):

    Lathyrus latifolia.

    y ), p gy ( p y, p p )A flower of Wisteria sinensis, Faboideae. Two petals have been removed to show stamens and pistilCaesalpinioideae (Caesalpiniaceae): The flowers are zygomorphic, but are very variable, e.g. closely resembling Faboideae flowers in Cercis, while symmetrical with five equal petals in Bauhinia. Mimosoideae (Mimosaceae): The petals are small, and are frequently globose or spicate and the stamens are the most showy part of the flower showy part of the flower. Faboideae or Papilionoideae (Fabaceae sensu strictu or Papilionaceae): One petal (the banner) is large and has a crease in it, the two adjacent petals (wings) are on the sides, and the two bottom petals are joined together at the bottom, forming a boat-like structure (keel).

  • Herba, perdu, pohon, lianaHerba, perdu, pohon, liana, p , p ,, p , p ,daun tunggal/majemuk pinnatus, unifoliolatusdaun tunggal/majemuk pinnatus, unifoliolatusbunga : tunggal/rasemus/panikulabunga : tunggal/rasemus/panikulag gg pg gg poo , , , Ca, Ca55 CoZCoZ55 A A 9 + 1/ 109 + 1/ 10 GG11, 1 karpel, 1 ruang, 1 karpel, 1 ruang

    diadelfusdiadelfus+

    monadelfusmonadelfus

    Buah : legumeVexillum - tenda

    Ala(e) sayap 2 lepasCarina lunasCarina - lunas2 bersatu

  • Abrus precatorius Abrus precatorius (saga) (saga) Daun, akar Daun, akar -- obat batuk,obat batuk,Amandel Radang mata

    Derris elliptica Derris elliptica (tuba) (tuba) akar akar racun tikus, insektisida; racun tikus, insektisida; batang batang tonikumtonikum

    Amandel, Radang mata, Sariawan

    gg

  • Dalbergia latifolia (sonokeling)KayuDesmodium triflorum KayuDesmodium triflorum

    Antipiretik; daun-antiseptik

    Dolichos lablab (kara, lablab) Buah - pangan

  • G. Max G. Max kedelaikedelai

    Glycine soyaGlycine soya kedelaikedelaiGlycine soya Glycine soya kedelaikedelai

    A hi hA hi hArachis hypogaea Arachis hypogaea biji biji -- dimakandimakan

  • Phaseolus radiatus / Vigna radiata Phaseolus radiatus / Vigna radiata (kacang hijau) (kacang hijau) panganpangan

    Phaseolus vulgarisPhaseolus vulgarisPhaseolus vulgaris Phaseolus vulgaris (buncis, kacang merah) (buncis, kacang merah) panganpangan

    Pisum sativum Pisum sativum (ercis) (ercis) panganpangan

  • Pterocarpus indicusPterocarpus indicusVigna unguiculata Vigna unguiculata (kacang panjang) (kacang panjang) buah buah -- panganpanganPterocarpus indicus Pterocarpus indicus

    (angsana) (angsana) -- pelindungpelindung

    ( g p j g)( g p j g) p gp g

    Voandzeia subterranea Voandzeia subterranea Vigna subterranea Vigna subterranea (kacang bogor)(kacang bogor)

  • Glyricidia sepium Glyricidia sepium (Ind. sebreng)(Ind. sebreng)reforestationreforestationIndigofera sumatrana Indigofera sumatrana stainstainstainstain

    Glyricidium sepium

    Myroxylon balsamum Myroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam) (Peru balsam) sapsap

    Tephrosia vogelii Tephrosia vogelii (Ind. kacang babi) (Ind. kacang babi) insectisideinsectiside

  • Clitorea ternatea Clitorea ternatea (kembang (kembang telang telang daun, bunga : daun, bunga : pewarnapewarnapewarnapewarna

    Erythrina subumbrans Erythrina subumbrans (dadap) (dadap) biji beracunbiji beracun

    Cajanus cajanCajanus cajan

    Daun: Antipiretik dan anti inflamasi. Kulit Kayu: Ekspektoran

    Sesbania grandifloraSesbania grandiflorakulit batang : Sariawan, disentri, diare, kulit batang : Sariawan, disentri, diare, scabies, cacar air, scabies, cacar air, Daun keseleo, memar, luka, keputihanDaun keseleo, memar, luka, keputihan

    Centrosema pubescens Centrosema pubescens pupuk hijaupupuk hijau

  • 6 Bangsa MYRTALES6. Bangsa MYRTALESSuku MYRTACEAE (jambu-jambuan)

    P d h k lit b t i d h l Perdu, pohon, kulit batang sering mudah mengelupas Daun tunggal, umumnya berhadapan sering ada kelenjar minyakPerbungaa