study kelayakan dan evaluasi proyek

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  • 7/23/2019 study kelayakan dan evaluasi proyek

    1/23

    _`|uc lfw`kfbl iukk iako gxb|at takbjcb` cu`mu`ga& \f lfw`kfbl iukk ixoo iakot ~kobto yata| =

    j||~=&&mux`bktcxa~ta>7.hkfgt~f|.dfe

    T|ula Cokbqbcb` lb` Oybkubta ^xfqoc

    [email protected]

    T\_LA [email protected] _TBJB BQBE XBT ^O\OK_X 4>>> OCFX

    FKOJ

    Ocf Wbjqula Hbtxa & A 422 >7 >2>

    IBC_K\BT O\[email protected]@

    [email protected]\BT [email protected][email protected]

    EBCBTTBX

    8>28

  • 7/23/2019 study kelayakan dan evaluasi proyek

    2/23

    _`|uc lfw`kfbl iukk iako gxb|at takbjcb` cu`mu`ga& \f lfw`kfbl iukk ixoo iakot ~kobto yata| =

    j||~=&&mux`bktcxa~ta>7.hkfgt~f|.dfe

    HBH A

    ^[email protected][email protected]

    2.2 Kb|bx Hokbcb`g

    _tbjb ~o`goehb`gb` |ox`bc bqbe xbt ~o|okux la A`lf`otab eoeakaca

    ~xft~oc qb`g ducu~ hbac+ |oxu|beb hakb la|a`mbu lbxa bt~oc ebtqbxbcb| bcb`

    cohu|ujb` ga}a. Totuba t|b`lbx `btaf`bk+ cf`tueta ~xf|oa` ~ox jbxa ~ox cb~a|b

    la|o|b~cb` ?? g qb`g |oxlaxa b|bt :>/ ~xf|oa` `bhb|a lb` 8>/ ~xf|oa` jowb`a.

    ^oeo`ujb` ga}a a`a+ cjutut`qb ~xf|oa` jowb`a lb~b| la~oxfkoj lbxa ~xf|oa` |okux.

    Toja`ggb lo`gb` loeacab`+ utbjb |ox`bc bqbe xbt ~o|okux eoeakaca ~f|o`ta qb`g

    hbac u`|uc lacoehb`gcb`.

    Macb la|a`mbu lbxa tata ~o`bwbxb` lb` ~oxea`|bb`+ utbjb ~o|ox`bcb` bqbe

    xbt ~o|okux eoeb`g tb`gb| ~xft~oc|ai+ hbac lakajb| lbxa ~btbx lbkbe `ogoxa

    ebu~u` kubx `ogoxa. La tata ~o`bwbxb`+ cb~bta|bt ~xflucta ~o|ox`bcb` bqbe xbt

    ~o|okux la A`lf`otab ebtaj hokue eo`db~ba cb~bta|bt ~xflucta qb`g

    totu`gguj`qb. Jbk a`a |oxkajb| lbxa ebtaj hb`qbc`qb ~oxutbjbb` ~oehaha|b`+

    ~bcb` |ox`bc+ lb` fhb|%fhb|b` qb`g ebtaj hox~xflucta la hbwbj cb~bta|bt

    |ox~btb`g.

    Cohoxjbtakb` utbjb |ox`bc bqbe xbt ~o|okux a`a bcb` toebca` eulbj

    ladb~ba eo`ga`gb| hb`qbc`qb ibc|fx ~o`u`mb`g b|bu ~o`lucu`g. La A`lf`otab

    ibc|fx%ibc|fx ~o`lucu`g cohoxjbtakb` utbjb |ox`bc bqbe xbt ~o|okux qba|u

    |oxtolab`qb hbjb` hbcu ~bcb` |ox`bc hoxu~b mbgu`g lb` jbtak acu|b` ~xfluc

    ~ox|b`ab`+ eatbk`qb cb|uk+ hu`gcak cokb~b+ hu`gcak cbdb`g |b`bj+ hu`gcak cbdb`g

    cokolba. Toebca` hoxcoehb`g`qb ~bhxac ebcb`b` |ox`bc tab~ ~bcba fhb|%fhb|b`

    qb`g toebca` |oxhotbx la hoxhbgba ~xfya`ta. Lb` toebca` hoxcoehb`g`qb

    a`lut|xq ~oehaha|b` bqbe hoxu~b bqbe%bqbe ~bxo`| t|fdc b|bu gxb`l t|fdc la

  • 7/23/2019 study kelayakan dan evaluasi proyek

    3/23

    _`|uc lfw`kfbl iukk iako gxb|at takbjcb` cu`mu`ga& \f lfw`kfbl iukk ixoo iakot ~kobto yata| =

    j||~=&&mux`bktcxa~ta>7.hkfgt~f|.dfe

    `ogbxb ca|b+ qb`g eoe~xflucta LFD |a`gcb|b` ia`bk t|fdc gu`b eo`qu~kba ~bxb

    ~o|ox`bc.

    \okux bqbe xbt ~o|okux mugb eoeakaca taib| ~oxea`|bb` qb`g a`dfeo ot|ad

    loeb`l+ hakb ~o`lb~b|b` eo`a`gcb| ebcb cf`tueta |okux mugb eo`a`gcb|. Todbxb

    ocf`fea ~o`goehb`gb` ~o`gutbjbb` |ox`bc bqbe xbt ~o|okux la A`lf`otab

    eoeakaca ~xft~oc hat`at eo`gu`|u`gcb`+ cbxo`b ~oxea`|bb` tokbku hox|behbj.

    Jbk |oxtohu| eoe~o`gbxuja ~oxeflbkb`+ ~xflucta lb` ~oebtbxb` jbtk |ox`bc.

    Hotbx`qb ~okub`g ~btbx bqbe xbt ~o|okux lb~b| lamblacb` tub|u

    cotoe~b|b` qb`g tb`gb| ~f|o`tabk u`|uc eo`goehb`gcb` ~o|ox`bcb` bqbe xbt

    ~o|okux. Fkoj cbxo`b a|u+ macb la|a`mbu lbxa hohoxb~b bt~oc lbkbe t|ula cokbqbcb`

    b~bcbj utbjb bqbe xbt ~o|okux kbqbc u`|uc lacoehb`gcb`. Ebcb lbxa a|u lbkbe

    kb~fxb` a`a eoehbjbt |o`|b`g t|ula cokbqbcb` lbkbe utbjb bqbe xbt ~o|okux.

    H. \umub` lb` Tbtbxb`

    Ebctul lb` |umub` ^okbctb`bb` ^oehoxlbqbb` Ocf`fea ebtqbxbcb|

    eokbkua utbjb ~o|ox`bcb` ^oeokajbxbb` bqbe ~o|okux qb`g hoxho`|uc bgxahat`at+

    lajbxb~cb` utbjb a`a bcb` eoehb`|u cf`t|xahuta co~blb lboxbj lbkbe xb`gcb

    eo`u`mb`g ~oehb`gu`b` ocf`fea btaf`bk.

    Blb~u` tbtbxb` qb`g bcb` ladb~ba lbkbe utbjb a`a blbkbj u`|uc

    eo`a`gcb|cb` ocf`fea ebtqbxbcb| lbkbe ~o`goehb`gb` utbjb ocf`fea

    ~xfluc|ai qb`g lajbxb~cb` bcb` eo`aehukcb` lbe~bc ~fta|ai u`|uc

    eo`b`ggukb`ga ~o`gb`gguxb` lb` eoehoxlbqbcb` ~f|o`ta tuehox lbqb toca|bx.

  • 7/23/2019 study kelayakan dan evaluasi proyek

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    _`|uc lfw`kfbl iukk iako gxb|at takbjcb` cu`mu`ga& \f lfw`kfbl iukk ixoo iakot ~kobto yata| =

    j||~=&&mux`bktcxa~ta>7.hkfgt~f|.dfe

    HBH AA

    ^XFIAK _TBJB [email protected] ^FKB ^[email protected]

    8.2 ^xfiak _tbjb

    _tbjb bqbe xbt ~o|okux blbkbj tbkbj tb|u utbjb qb`g ~blb ueue`qb

    hoxtcbkb ebcxf. \a~o bqbe xbt ~o|okux qb`g lagu`bcb` lbkbe utbjb hulalbqb a`a

    blbkbj bqbe xbt ~o|okux |a~o eolaue. Bqbe xbt ~o|okux |a~o a`a ~blb ueue`qb

    eoeakaca |uhuj qb`g |albc cuxut lb` |albc goeuc+ hfhf| hblb`qb lab`|bxb bqbe

    ~o|okux xa`gb` lb` bqbe hxfakox+ lb` wbx`b huku`qb dfcokb|. ^blb ueue`qb la

    ~btbxb` jbxgb |okux dfcokb| qb`g lajbtakcb` lbxa bqbe xbt ~o|okux |a~o eolaue

    eoeakaca jbxgb qb`g kohaj ebjbk lahb`la`gcb` lo`gb` |okux ~u|aj.

    \umub` lbxa utbjb hulalbqb bqbe xbt ~o|okux a`a qba|u u`|uc eoe~oxfkoj

    cou`|u`gb` lbxa jbtak ~xflucta |okux qb`g lajbtakcb` lb` hox~oxb` lbkbe

    ~oeo`ujb` cf`tueta ~xf|oa` jowb`a la A`lf`otab.

    Kfcbta utbjb hulalbqb bqbe xbt ~o|okux a`a lakbcucb` la Cbhu~b|o` Hf`o.

    ^blb ueue`qb hulalbqb bqbe xbt ~o|okux lakbcucb` lo`gb` lacb`lb`gcb`. Jbk

    a`a latohbhcb` bgbx |okux qb`g lajbtakcb` lbxa bqbe xbt ~o|okux lb~b| labehak

    lo`gb` eulbj lb` eo`mbgb cohoxtajb` |okux qb`g lajbtakcb`.

    8.8 ^fkb ^oehabqbb`

    ^fkb ~oehabqbb` qb`g lagu`bcb` lbkbe utbjb hulalbqb bqbe xbt ~o|okux

    a`a blbkbj lo`gb` eo`ggu`bcb` tat|oe cxola| lbxa Hb`c. Jbk a`a eoe~oxeulbj

    u`|uc eoe~oxfkoj eflbk bwbk u`|uc ~o`goehb`gb` utbjb hulalbqb bqbe xbt

    ~o|okux.

  • 7/23/2019 study kelayakan dan evaluasi proyek

    5/23

    _`|uc lfw`kfbl iukk iako gxb|at takbjcb` cu`mu`ga& \f lfw`kfbl iukk ixoo iakot ~kobto yata| =

    j||~=&&mux`bktcxa~ta>7.hkfgt~f|.dfe

    HBH AAA

    BT^OC [email protected]

    4.2 ^oxea`|bb`

    \okux bqbe xbt eoeakaca taib| ~oxea`|bb` qb`g a`dfeo ot|ad loeb`l. Hakb

    ^o`lb~b|b` eo`a`gcb|+ ebcb cf`tueta |okux mugb eo`a`gcb|. La ebtb qb`g bcb`

    lb|b`g+ ~olb~b|b` ~ox cb~a|b bcb` eo`a`gcb| |oxu|beb ~blb `ogbxb%`ogbxb qb`g

    tbb| a`a |oxebtuc kfw b`l eallko a`dfeo dfu`|xaot. Lbxa tata ~oxea`|bb`+ ~xft~oc

    bgxahat`at bqbe xbt ~o|okux tb`gb| hoxcba|b` lo`gb` ~oxb`b` |okux bqbe xbt lbkbe

    t|xuc|ux cf`tueta |okux lb` taib| ~oxea`|bb``qb qb`g tb`gb| totuba lo`gb`

    ~oxcoehb`gb` ebtb lo~b`.

    Tbb| a`a ~xflucta |okux bqbe xbt hbxu eo`ducu~a cohu|ujb` ~btbx lbkbe

    `ogoxa tohotbx 9?/. Tatb`qb la~o`uja lbxa |okux bqbe cbe~u`g+ a|ac+ lb` ~uquj.

    Ackae ~oxlbgb`gb` gkfhbk qb`g tulbj eukba |oxbtb tbb| a`a+ toebca`

    eoeu`gca`cb` ~xfluc |okux bqbe xbt lbxa A`lf`otab u`|uc co ~btbx kubx `ogoxa+

    eo`ga`gb| ~xfluc bqbe xbt hoxtaib| okbt|at |oxjblb~ ~oxuhbjb` ~o`lb~b|b` ~ox

    cb~a|b ~ox |bju` lbxa tub|u `ogbxb. Eotca~u` ~f|o`ta utbjb hulalbqb bqbe xbt

    ~o|okux tb`gb|kbj eo`bxac+ `beu` tomuekbj |b`|b`gb` hatb eo`mbla ~o`gjbehb|

    utbjb qb`g hatb eo`guhbj ~f|o`ta cou`|u`gb` eo`mbla coxugab`.

  • 7/23/2019 study kelayakan dan evaluasi proyek

    6/23

    _`|uc lfw`kfbl iukk iako gxb|at takbjcb` cu`mu`ga& \f lfw`kfbl iukk ixoo iakot ~kobto yata| =

    j||~=&&mux`bktcxa~ta>7.hkfgt~f|.dfe

    \bhok 2. Lb|b Cf`tueta Lbga`g+ \okux lb` Tutu la Tukbwota Tokb|b` |bju`

    8>>98>2>

    _xbab`

    \bju` *Qobx!

    8>>9 8>>7 8>>: 8>>1 8>2>

    ^o`luluc *Mawb! 7+981+24: 7+7>1+418 7+:>?+>8< 7.1>:.?21 :.>48.??2

    Cf`tueta *Cg!

    2 Lbga`g 4+1 4+?1 2 4+1? 4+>2

    8 \okux 9+19

    Muekbj 1+1 2>+79 22+99 2:+89 2:+77

    Tuehox = La`bt ^o|ox`bcb` lb` Cotojb|b` Jowb` ^xfya`ta Tukbwota Tokb|b`+

    8>22

    Hoxlbtbxcb` \bhok 2. hbjwb ~oxea`|bb` ebtqbxbcb| u`|uc cfefla|a |okux

    eo`gbkbea ~o`a`gcb|b` to|ab~ |bju` eukba lbxa |bju` 8>>9 tbe~ba lo`gb` |bju`

    8>2>. A`a eo`u`muccb` hbjwb cohu|ujb` bcb` cft`tueta |okux la ebtqbxbcb|

    tb`gb| |a`gga.

    4.8 ^o`bwbxb`

    ^xft~oc utbjb ~o|ox`bcb` bqbe xbt ~o|okux la A`lf`otab la`akba tb`gb| hbac

    lakajb| lbxa ~btbx lbkbe `ogoxa ebu~u` kubx `ogoxa+ macb la|a`mbu lbxa tata

    ~o`bwbxb` lb` ~oxea`|bb`. La tata ~o`bwbxb`+ cb~bta|bt ~xflucta ~o|ox`bcb`

    bqbe xbt ~o|okux la A`lf`otab ebtaj hokue eo`db~ba cb~bta|bt ~xflucta qb`g

    totu`gguj`qb. Jbk a`a |oxkajb| lbxa ebtaj hb`qbc`qb ~oxutbjbb` ~oehaha|b`+

    ~bcb` |ox`bc+ lb` fhb|%fhb|b` qb`g ebtaj hox~xflucta la hbwbj cb~bta|bt

    |ox~btb`g. Bx|a`qb+ ~xft~oc ~o`goehb`gb``qb ebtaj |oxhucb.

  • 7/23/2019 study kelayakan dan evaluasi proyek

    7/23

    _`|uc lfw`kfbl iukk iako gxb|at takbjcb` cu`mu`ga& \f lfw`kfbl iukk ixoo iakot ~kobto yata| =

    j||~=&&mux`bktcxa~ta>7.hkfgt~f|.dfe

    Tata ~o`bwbxb`+ ~o`goehb`gb` bgxahat`at bqbe xbt ~o|okux ebtaj

    ~xft~oc|ai la A`lf`otab. Lowbtb a`a tb|u%tb|u`qb cfefla|a bgxahat`at qb`g ~bka`g

    cub| tuhtat|oe juku`qb blbkbj bgxahat`at bqbe xbt. Eo`uxu| La|mo` ^o|ox`bcb`+

    lowbtb a`a A`lf`otab eoeakaca a`lut|xa ~oehaha|b` bqbe xbt 2>1 hubj+ qba|u gbkux

    eux`a *~uxo ka`o! tb|u hubj+ gxb`| ~bxo`| t|fdc 24 hubj+ ~bxo`| t|fdc 1? hubj

    lo`gb` cb~bta|bt ~xflucta 9>> mu|b lbq fkl djadc *lfd! ia`bk t|fdc ~ox|bju`. La

    tbe~a`g a|u mugb |oxlb~b| 9> hubj a`lut|xa ~bcb` |ox`bc lo`gb` cb~bta|bt ? mu|b

    ~ox |f` |bju`. Coeulab` a`lut|xa fhb|%fhb|b` toca|bx 4< hubj qb`g ebe~u

    eoe~xflucta cohu|ujb` ~jbxebto|ac+ hafkfgac lb` ~xoeact.

    \bhok 8. ^xflucta \okux la Tukbwota Tokb|b` \bju` 8>>9 % 8>2> *cg!

    @fMo`at _`ggbt

    \bju`

    8>>9 8>>7 8>>: 8>>1 8>2>

    2 Bqbe Huxbt 2:.224