Naica Crystal Cave1

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Fascinante...o poder da natureza!

Transcript of Naica Crystal Cave1

  • 1. M@@@ WS WS r. q n .p' _ ttftn ' ', ~, I' v- c l(I A ~ ' . f - *., V r' .'-~c~E' - 7m?IEMinty)_gy_QLJV1LSJ_l_1i-_)Llj, l1 cucronocv

2. / 'a z 1 .? ".1:1':. . _. ., .'- .. k V _- JL. v' * . *A ' ' q_ .. - 'JN' v',"^ W ,y - l_ .* .- 1 x _- . - .. s x x_ih_ K ~ .'_ -u QJkMHL -' . .L ' uThc largest natural crjxxstals on Eanh hmc bccn discovcrcd in m0 caros vithin a _xilxcr and / inc ninc near Naiica.in Chilunahua.Mexico.according Io tninc ofcials.Rcaching Icngths QfSO Itct.thc clcar.txcctcal cQ-'stuls dfC compxwscd of sclcnitc.;1 crynstullinc fonn ofthc mineral _Lf__~'p: LllTl. 3. v*Largest selenite Crystals In The WorldThe Naica Mine of Chihuahua.Mexico.is a working mine that is known for its extraordinary crystals.Naica is a lead,zinc and silver mine in which large voids have been found,containing crystals of selenite (gypsum) as large as 4 feet in diameter and 50 feet long.The chamber holding these crystals is known as the Crystal Cave of Giants,and is approximately 1000 feet down in the limestone host rock of the mine.The crystals were formed by hydrothermal fluidsemanating from the magma chambers below. The cavern was discovered while the miners were driliing through the Naica fault,which they were worried would flood the mine.The Cave of Swords is another chamber in the Naica Mine.containing similar large crystals 4. ln April Zliiiii_ bmllrcrx hluy and . l.'I'iCl' l)Clj. '_L1Ll0 linind what cwwcrts believe ; irc tl: : World's lnrjjcst crystals xlulc l)l. il1ll'__' ; i meu llllillkl l. lill| l lcd tlmxn in lllL' Nllcl . lllLl ltxitlWiiitxi Minculuullit-rn(flii|1u; ilni. i, Ilirt) _nan ivltl Flu) L'll| IllM'l llniviifgli ; i llllill opening;into ; i li l__,hll lim t'1lC| li (lilllxCtl xx llll lllllllulixc L'l_llil_,"ltmas bLlLIllltIl.Iilxc light lCllL'x'llli'~__' Ullil broltcn mirror. " liu says, 5. / 'uv _ 3*,_m_ '3 1 na] h- N '11' 1 a'Fi" 'by : ea _& ..rlli** .y.;E23 X.He said that the sight was beautiful 'plike light reflecting off a broken mirror".The translucentcrystals lie pltcherl atop one another,as though moonbeams Suddenly took on weight and substance.One month later.another team of Naica miners found an even larger cavern adjacentto the first one. 6. ris-t- ; LA _ii-gz'.. p '-3$353 ' . v r_ .+ n_ t,_ 'a 3 A"rOLi__ 41 v' As a professional photographer who specializes in environmentally difficult,narrow and wet canyons worldwide.it was almost impossible to obtain clear photographs even using every trick and technique know.because of the extreme ambient environment.These crystals are probably stable,as the temperature in the cave is over 150 degrees Fahrenheit with 100% humidity.ln other words.these structures are enveloped in steam. 7. ' ' -at -z ' ' ': il _ . 'A a 2' _ k: .- c_ ' '" u_ l ~ 7- " .L Jtkk 1 "K ~ ' v 4 . _ '.u_ ~ _ . ' A* k l) 4 z O u .Qf" e o _' l_ |' Xi;,x 2.' .. .S -? . QI s_- ... .n'. a-"; _^.1- ir - .1 ~-. ~, ~' -..g,, st. .- -- . .. -t dsn'. g _ayY As a photographer used to tvorking in dark and dangerous environments,this experience vas unique.A human can only function in this environment for six to ten minutes before severe loss of mental functions occurs.I was so cxcitoci xuhilo photographing the crystals that l really had tofocus and concentrate intensely on getting back out the door,v-. rhich was perhaps only thirty to forty feet away. 8. _ V v' 'f!._ ' xf *a c t' .. _ 'W, _ .t' . - , f ^ u l 4 i V _ l .. 4 ., J' ,I4' .l 'i 4 iii A I' i * : :g i,. ~ t , ' 1:53 _~'. l April_ (Jne mini ; lx killed xxhtrn he istteinpietl loelitipoiit ; i _! __'l_l_1.lllllt't'l'_l. ll th. n lell Iionithe 'eeiling and pinned llllltullle hein did hiin in" ; l'x"'i, *l1llll'__' to lishei: q'J 12. Y a,x i'm ' 4a. *a u " . -1. . f fK O.u_ i' i_ ' t,_ _ ,A*ski_ ,:x *CLT _ s ' * '. , 'e .13", t .g ,n- _ . ._ . .,_ . l __ '. _~"t$ a Z_TS _f n.' .._.. 'A _L ,' . "/' D . . *I i Si - J' a p' "We need more onsite protection ofminc Caves. " said geologist Carol A.Hill.co-ziuthor ot' the book Cave lvlinerals ofthe World.who calls the new discoveries "by tar the largest selenite crystals l have ever heard of. " 13. gf ' w , :. fas?'t' fi5' rh;- i x . - h . ;_'. .i; -' i* y ~r* ' __ _ x , e _ . J.((1 _gqA/ L_ _ JM_ _ . .v f( _ 1'/,;o;q .'fT " ,- l,I i.. l. .t l _ _xl ._ 4 . ' _ /_f_ ~ - .,WV lliH ainilnids die hiurixniinini_"iihinitiL die nininig eininxiny xxotdtltntdxihly destniy die rates hliiseuins hine eiitxijgli ti_x~t; il~. " she mid."It's inipnihnii to pieseixe tliseoxeiies lilte llllN' where the)oeeur " 14. i"2:; The mining company plans to air-condition the caves before opening them to the public next year.Fisher said.He adds that reducing the heat gradually Ivill not hann the crystals. 15. _f r i ' : avi?' .- t i fa* . v1 A, v _'v# w _ '. ,_. t. , . . t x_ 2,,'*..gi ata;ll,_r : _' g y,iv " ,_ x v:| y x i 4 - ,IJ __ _ -v, Officials of the Penoles Company,which owns the mine,kept the discoveries secret out of concern about vandalism.Not many people,however.would venture inside casually:the temperature hovers at 150 degrees,with 100 percent humidity.A person can stay inside the cave for only six to ten minutes before becoming disoriented. 16. n Tlm-w muumun : :ru 71H) nuHum _um uh IHNNIUIIIIIIINSNIIUSIIHLIl1l'Il! xH-L'. IL' luxxml b) m1) dccp hu . md mnmall/ Lwi Hzsrmzal xmtlcw '| 1u1 Illcw AJUH 1tarhni Ihs l. '|. ili cl) *yulgu . mdc1mu1'hHu? . xurircc cm irnnn1cnl [lucy x1cpwitcd111L1L'11ufthursall comem ; as I-AdJiHL' 'and . xilx cr, 17. r ~Groundwater in these Caves.rich with sulfur from the adjacent metal deposits,began dissolving the limestone walls,releasing large quantities of calcium.This calcium.in tum,combined with the sulfur to form crystals on a scale never before seen by humans. 18. ln addition to 4-foot diameter crystal columns 50 feet in length.the cavern contains row upon row of shark-tooth-shaped formations up to 3 feet high,which are set at odd angles throughout.This crystal form of the mineral gypsum,is known as selenite,named after Selene,the Greek goddoss of the moon. ! Nm ; x qJJlf J l-l 1hI . ' 'Y_'~',4'v _r '.l R ; t( '. ~ i'll t _1-' _ q] l_ ' ; CJ t' l l I f./ JM.-_ v _ . A4 r. 't7', - j' f, 'fu , , V V;. l l .2:.. 'iifv/ ? 19. urr. . t. u . .xJ. ... .. .. .QD ... .f .. . .s .k . 20. u f'd''XE t ' i _ V lt _gx : x"' 1_ l_ lt,1 . 21. . .. ,.m x e . _ . J . n _ V /. . . N. . . r .s . VW' .. _..r.. s 11.: q V . _ _ . ., . . . . o 1 vs ._ o . .. I.. n s . .. .. . .E . 22. . g A 't5 .' ._ - .. ,P* * . - _ c ._l _ _ , , I _.. J .y n:g _ .. . i l n t * .' .' .' _,_ .. -c .- - ._ rx' ,u .. g - .. .i > 2 ~' . ' - .,e _ 1 :'F' ...' .- p _t4 _ .t ___ i _f l ...~ .- i y,- ,s . _ .,__, _ ..x . . , vseu v _ ,w L ' n'._ . , .I w4 _ " A - . . _ .v._ p_- l .x .. '., 'v 23. .-7imyx;o 24. n. . . mta z .zint. . 8 i t ..r _ . .i. r_ l. . m . r. influi 1. ,(M254.. . . ..,.rua.&;Hr Num!:: till z.EA -i...i Sli M If,, . i ._ a!. ? sf t1] A ir,. rLk 7 _ .. lpirrwlr . .n ..LIUJI a p.-gm T c,t I/n iil. 25. r . .. i ,x l . n.. z i . KL.m .t ,.. J .. . I. .. .a 26. 0-1.Aaf 27. .r _ ~ V - t ~ w'rl | .al e t77,13.~ . q, f_.N t. 'z Awhen Naica's ores are no longer viable,the mine is closed and the pumping is stopped, then the Caves will be submerged - and the crystals will start growing again.The only reason humans can get in the caves at aII is because of the ongoing pumpingOperations that kccp them clcar of water. 28. t 29. .. ,.. .i/ , f ;x / i 30. ' zf? afu.um u j.v 9 A ta. 752' . .x ' _e y O _ .g .' 7' 1T _ - 'A - _ l J'.; ~ . At ~- s--r a'_ x - _'/ _ 'c - _ L-- x' - l ' " -7' 'u_ . *~ .K x4' ~.K .V.l _ ,' 'r _ 531.1. ' - - . .uwg _ . WA , N . P, t.*x . ou 31. f,. . u . .. r _. ._ x. . . u . ...:Jiiwlln 3 , . k ..t. 32. Piciurc with llash onlyq_ . _.1 _z - .| ,l' l ( _a i7lxnh n itli hiicklighting .* 5 |. .. ~rn 33. 'n!"W 'fr a. i. :J1ea: ;r< F _ ! meu l! ) ; t l_.f;7 teanltta t' 47;' 'l . . v4.1 i-l-Wtif' HPM 53.! ! H-',I.alergias:f.at t_ A , i ' tslt : -'. 'l1:l. E! Ii| ll! = .-.A '*"*m!3=! ' _.42 -. ilmwtv ,' a,ganhanmtatt-. ; c-g. - WH. u T_Efdkt_ _ .ix3- A 7 a d* f. _ _J ~- A _ " ' 'dz/ E ' . _ _ -&ll g7 "ggmtl E_ _mg 4355"* ** ^-~ a , ao '~ ' 1 . ';- t,_ _ .. LFHUJ- n 1 t* _Q ___ ? z Lil_ ! l _ __' I_ VI ..lhr _ H _ . QL _ : VT rt ? ! , g47 M_ Kflltsillt-ElN a a -* A. . e. A; Mt 5. * inimarl= i=; t~, . rfx"''5"''* hlE-btltt* &ti-te-gTteIUILe, -ri-'~-'_ " A *dh* Nemautetxa-: tilhtfs- gngaig-. zia *i " d" '= 'i luf. .e.4tta; 'jll'g$-t; . - : z u' v* g"t- q'9~'-""'*:d 9"1l7"-7'r'1h' m __#Attd! ltt^"4.u _ ', . _f I l w011i I .3 '-77 i "i. W' 5; .l ~' ? We iaitiiraunit. f~__. _ , ttmiasrt-?7g. . tuaztfeir; r~reitrii : I3:gfP= '='^c: =i: instant:--. " i U .' -' . 'z :al _' = ~. r _ f~*F*'' = rw e , .,vio'