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  • LAPORAN PENYIASATAN MIGRASI

    MIGRATION SURVEY REPORT

    MALAYSIA 2011

    JABATAN PERANGKAAN MALAYSIA DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS, MALAYSIA

    DISEMBER DECEMBER 2012

  • iii

    KATA PENGANTAR

    Laporan Penyiasatan Migrasi, Malaysia, 2011 membentangkan anggaran pergerakan, arah

    aliran dan magnitud penduduk di peringkat negeri serta maklumat ciri demografi dan

    sosioekonomi migran yang diperoleh daripada Penyiasatan Migrasi 2011.

    Migrasi atau pergerakan penduduk merupakan salah satu faktor yang mempengaruhi

    perubahan struktur penduduk kesan daripada perubahan situasi ekonomi dan sosial sesuatu

    kawasan dalam tempoh tertentu. Pada amnya, arah aliran dan ciri migran yang berbeza akan

    memberi impak yang berlainan bagi negeri/kawasan asal dan destinasinya. Maklumat yang

    dibentangkan dalam laporan ini diharap dapat membantu perancang dan pengkaji dalam

    melihat ciri-ciri penduduk migran dan bukan migran, seterusnya menjadi input kepada

    perancangan dan pembangunan sosioekonomi negara.

    Jabatan merakamkan penghargaan kepada semua pihak yang memberikan kerjasama dan

    seterusnya menyumbang kepada penyediaan laporan ini. Sebarang ulasan dan cadangan ke

    arah penambahbaikan laporan ini amat dialu-alukan dan dihargai.

    DR. HAJI ABDUL RAHMAN BIN HASAN

    Ketua Perangkawan Malaysia

    Disember 2012

  • iv

    PREFACE

    The Migration Survey Report, Malaysia, 2011 presents estimates of the population’s

    movement, flow and magnitude at state level, as well as the demographic and socioeconomic

    characteristics of migrants obtained from the Migration Survey 2011.

    Migration or the movement of people is one of the factors that influence changes in the

    population structure brought about by changes in social and economic situation of a particular

    area during a specific period. Generally, different type of flows and characteristics of

    migrants will have different impact on the state/area of origin and destination. It is hoped that

    the information presented in this report accommodates the planners and researchers in

    analysing the migrant and non-migrant population characteristics, as well as an input to the

    country’s socioeconomic planning and development.

    The Department would like to express gratitude to all parties who had co-operated and

    contributed towards the preparation of this report. Comments and suggestions towards

    improving this report are very much welcomed and appreciated.

    DR. HAJI ABDUL RAHMAN BIN HASAN

    Chief Statistician, Malaysia

    December 2012

  • v

    KANDUNGAN CONTENTS

    Muka surat Page

    Kata pengantar Preface

    iii

    Senarai jadual List of tables

    vi

    Senarai lampiran List of appendices

    ix

    Ringkasan Penemuan Summary Findings

    Corak dan trend migrasi di Malaysia Migration pattern and trend in Malaysia

    1

    Migrasi mengikut negeri Migration by state

    2

    Migrasi mengikut strata Migration by stratum

    8

    Ciri-ciri sosiodemografi migran Sociodemographic characteristics of migrants

    8

    Ciri-ciri guna tenaga migran Characteristics of employed migrants

    10

    Sebab penghijrahan Reasons for migration

    11

    Jadual utama Main tables

    13

    Nota teknikal Technical notes

    35

    Lampiran Appendix

    55

  • vi

    SENARAI JADUAL LIST OF TABLES

    Jadual Table

    JADUAL UTAMA MAIN TABLES

    Muka surat Page

    1 Perangkaan utama migrasi, Malaysia, 2009–2010 dan 2010–2011

    Key migration statistics, Malaysia, 2009–2010 and 2010–2011

    13

    2 Bilangan dan taburan peratus migran masuk mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2009–2010 dan 2010–2011

    Number and percentage distribution of in-migrants by state, Malaysia, 2009–2010 and 2010–2011

    14

    3 Bilangan dan taburan peratus migran keluar mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2009–2010 dan 2010–2011

    Number and percentage distribution of out-migrants by state, Malaysia, 2009–2010 and 2010–2011

    15

    4 Bilangan migrasi bersih mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2009–2010 dan 2010–2011

    Number of net migration by state, Malaysia, 2009–2010 and 2010–2011

    16

    PENDUDUK BERUMUR 1 TAHUN DAN LEBIH

    POPULATION AGED 1 YEAR AND OVER

    5 Taburan peratus migran daripada penduduk mengikut negeri destinasi dan taraf migrasi, Malaysia, 2010–2011

    Percentage distribution of migrants from the population by state of destination and migration status, Malaysia, 2010–2011

    17

    6 Bilangan dan kadar migrasi masuk, keluar, bersih & kasar dan nisbah keberkesanan migrasi penduduk berumur 1 tahun dan lebih mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2010–2011

    Number and rate of in, out, net & gross migration and migration effectiveness ratio of population aged 1 year and over by state, Malaysia, 2010–2011

    18

    7 Bilangan migran dalaman mengikut negeri asal dan destinasi, Malaysia, 2010–2011

    Number of internal migrants by state of origin and destination, Malaysia, 2010–2011

    19

  • vii

    Jadual Table

    Muka surat Page

    8 Taburan peratus migran dalaman mengikut strata (arah aliran

    migrasi), Malaysia, 2009–2010 dan 2010–2011

    Percentage distribution of internal migrants by stratum (migration flow), Malaysia, 2009–2010 and 2010–2011

    20

    9 Taburan peratus migran dalam negeri dan migran antara negeri mengikut negeri dan strata (arah aliran migrasi), Malaysia, 2010–2011

    Percentage distribution of intra-state and inter-state migrants by state and stratum (migration (migration flow), Malaysia, 2010–2011

    21

    10 Bilangan dan taburan peratus migran dalaman mengikut jantina dan kumpulan umur, Malaysia, 2009–2010 dan 2010–2011

    Number and percentage distribution of internal migrants by sex and age group, Malaysia, 2009–2010 and 2010–2011

    22

    11 Kadar migrasi dalaman mengikut kumpulan umur dan jantina, Malaysia, 2010–2011

    Internal migration rate by age group and sex, Malaysia, 2010–2011

    23

    12 Nisbah jantina migran dalaman dan bukan migran mengikut kumpulan umur, Malaysia, 2010–2011

    Sex ratio of internal migrants and non-migrants by age group, Malaysia, 2010–2011

    23

    13 Bilangan dan taburan peratus migran dalaman berumur 1 tahun dan lebih mengikut kumpulan etnik, Malaysia, 2009–2010 dan 2010–2011

    Number and percentage distribution of internal migrants aged 1 year and over by ethnic group, Malaysia, 2009–2010 and 2010–2011

    24

    14 Kadar migrasi dalaman mengikut kumpulan etnik dan jantina, Malaysia, 2010–2011 Internal migration rate by ethnic group and sex, Malaysia, 2010–2011

    24

    15 Taburan peratus migran dalaman dan bukan migran berumur 1 tahun dan lebih mengikut kumpulan etnik dan strata destinasi, Malaysia, 2010–2011

    Percentage distribution of internal migrants and non-migrants aged 1 year and over by ethnic group and stratum of destination, Malaysia, 2010–2011

    25

    16 Bilangan dan taburan peratus sebab-sebab penghijrahan penduduk, Malaysia, 2009–2010 dan 2010–2011

    Number and percentage distribution of reasons for migration of population, Malaysia, 2009–2010 and 2010–2011

    26

  • viii

    PENDUDUK BERUMUR 15–64 TAHUN

    POPULATION AGED 15–64 YEARS

    Jadual Table

    Muka surat Page

    17 Bilangan dan kadar migrasi masuk, keluar, bersih & kasar dan

    nisbah keberkesanan migrasi penduduk berumur 15–64 mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2010–2011

    Number and rate of in, out, net & gross migration and migration effectiveness ratio of population aged 15–64 years by state, Malaysia, 2010–2011

    27

    18 Bilangan migran dalaman berumur 15–64 tahun mengikut negeri asal dan destinasi, Malaysia, 2010–2011

    Number of internal migrants aged 15–64 years by state of origin and destination, Malaysia, 2010–2011

    28

    19 Taburan peratus migran dalaman dan bukan migran berumur 15–64 tahun mengikut kumpulan umur dan jantina, Malaysia, 2010–2011

    Percentage distribution of internal migrants and non-migrants aged 15–64 years by age group and sex, Malaysia, 2010–2011

    29

    20 Kadar penyertaan tenaga buruh bagi migran dalaman dan bukan migran mengikut kumpulan umur dan jantina, Malaysia, 2010–2011

    Labour force participation rates of internal migrants and non-migrants by age group and sex, Malaysia, 2010–2011

    30

    21 Kadar penyertaan tenaga buruh bagi migran dalaman dan bukan migran mengikut strata (arah aliran migrasi) dan jantina, Malaysia, 2010–2011

    Labour force participation rates of internal migrants a