Menggambar Teknik 1

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Transcript of Menggambar Teknik 1

  • *MENGGAMBAR TEKNIKPROGRAM STUDI TEKNIK KIMIAINSTITUT TEKNOLOGI INDONESIADosen: Andrian Ahmad D

  • *Hakikat Gambar sebagai Bahasa TeknikGambar adalah sarana komunikasi (bahasa) sarjana TeknikStandar Gambar adalah tata bahasaBahasa dan Gambar

    LisanKalimatGambarIndraAkustikVisualVisualEkspresiSuaraKalimatGambarAturanTata BahasaStandar Gb.

  • *Fungsi GambarPenyampaian InformasiDokumentasiProses Pemikiran

    central theme

    !

    URGENT!

    ?

    !

    Workstation

    Introduction

    The Major Objective

    Reactor Design

    What typeWhat sizeWhat operation conditions are requiredWhat energy balanceWhat cost

    Chemical Reaction

    TRK-1

    Types of Reaction

    EsterificationHydrolysisPyrolysisOxidation & ReductionCrackingPolymerizationFermentationHydrogenationHalogenationElectrolysis...

    Chemical EquilibriumRate of Reaction

    Thermodynamics

    Kinetics System

    Non-elementary

    Elementary

    Heterogeneous

    Homogeneous

    TRK-2

    Concentration Dependent

    Temperature Dependent

    Activation Energy

    Arrheniuss Law

    Single / Multiple Reaction

    Rate Constant

    Rate Order / Molecularity

    Kinetics View

    Testing of Kinetics Model

    Kinetics Model

    Types or Reactor

    Batch

    Semi-Batch

    Continuous

    Kinetics System

    Collection & Analysis ofRate Data

    Isothermal Reactor Design

    Phase of Reaction

    TRK-1.JH.2003

  • *ESSENTIAL FLOW DIAGRAMSThe most effective way of communicating information about process is the use of flow diagrams.

  • *Sifat-sifat Gambar TeknikSederhanaSistematisInformatifInternasionalModern

  • *Pengembangan GambarInput Output DiagramBlock Flow DiagramGeneric BFD: Preliminary Process ConditionPreliminary Material BalanceProcess Flow DiagramPiping and Instrumentation DiagramEngineering and Construction Diagram

  • *ANALYSIS: Generic Block Flow Process DiagramElementsReactor Feed PreparationReactorSeparator-Feed PreparationSeparatorRecycleEnvironmental Control

  • *

    2002. Intergraph Process, Power & Offshore. All Rights Reserved.

    3D Modules Function Create three-dimensional plant models, create equipment models, extract isometric drawings, and perform design interference checks and equipment clashes.PDSPlant Design System

    2002. Intergraph Process, Power & Offshore. All Rights Reserved.

    3D ModulesEquipment Modeling FrameWorks Plus Piping Design Graphics Reference Data Manager Drawing ManagerPDS Stress Analysis InterfaceInterference Checker/ManagerPDS Isometric InterfaceEE Raceway ModelingDesign Review IntegratorPDSPlant Design System

    2002. Intergraph Process, Power & Offshore. All Rights Reserved.

    Equipment ModelingModel the equipment defined in the P&IDStylistic representations of equipment items are produced, with or without nozzles, by entering data from equipment data sheets noting dimensions and weights.Can create a physical envelope defining the space occupied for maintenance and access areas

    PDSPlant Design System

    2002. Intergraph Process, Power & Offshore. All Rights Reserved.

    FrameWorks PlusUsed to layout structural frames, foundations, slabs and walls.Piping designers, equipment modelers and structural designers, can see the location of each others objects.Place loads in the 3D model, and apply other analytical characteristics to use with a third-party analysis solver.Other outputs are material lists, output to third-party steel detailing programs, interference envelopes, and graphic and non-graphic data for Design Review

    PDSPlant Design System

    2002. Intergraph Process, Power & Offshore. All Rights Reserved.

    Piping Design GraphicsCreate a 3D model of the piping and in-line instruments defined in the P&IDThe centerline is intelligent and contains information such as the piping material class, nominal diameter, fluid code, insulation parameters, temperatures and pressures, and so forth.The alphanumeric data required for each pipeline can be entered interactively or transferred from the P&ID.

    PDSPlant Design System

    2002. Intergraph Process, Power & Offshore. All Rights Reserved.

    Piping Design GraphicsA pipeline can be connected to a specific nozzle or routed from a point in space.Interactive design checks are performed for each component placement, ensure matching or compatible diameters, pressure ratings, end preparations, and other consistency criteria.PDSPlant Design System

  • *General Design ConsiderationsHealth and Safety HazardsEnvironmental ProtectionPlant LocationPlant LayoutPlant Operations and ControlUtilitiesStructural DesignStorageMaterials HandlingPatent Considerations

  • *Steps in Developing a Design ProjectProcess identification Laboratory verification Reaction flow schematic Preliminary flow process Preliminary economic evaluation Process development Mass and Energy Balance Process flow scheme Site selection Refined economic evaluation Design fixed Detailed economic evaluation Engineering flow schemes Basic Design Detailed Constructions Plan Detail Design Procurement Construction Startup

  • *CAE / Analisa SoftwareStruCAD, Stress Analysis, Caesar ETAPEDSA Xsteel MathCAD Hysis Pipesis, Pipenet Thermoflow

    CAD Drafting Software AutoCADMicrostation pembuatan drawing dilakukan melalui komputer dan integrasinya dilakukan manual

    Design Software pembuatan drawing dan integrasinya dilakukan melalui secara komputerisasi AutoPlant (Piping, 3D) hanya untuk Piping Plant Design System untuk semua disiplinSmartPlant untuk semua disiplinDokumen & Data ManagementEDMS Project Wise Marian

    Cost Control Prolog Manager

    Schedule Control Primavera MS Project

    Procurement controlE-ProAplikasi Software

  • *End of Session IMinggu depan bawa kertas A4 (HVS atau kertas gambar), penggaris, pensil HB, B, & 2B, penghapus pensil.

  • *Session II

  • *Latihan Menggambar BFDPetunjuk Mengenai Garis dan Mata PanahPetunjuk Mengenai TulisanContoh Kasus

  • *Garis Aliran MaterialTebal 0.5mm (1pt)MataPanahTebal 0.8mm (21/4pt)Huruf Material & Satuan OperasiBeda 1 ukuran (12 14 pt)

  • *LATIHANSiapkan alat-alat gambar AndaPelajarilah Deskripsi Proses berikut iniGambarlah BFD proses tersebut

  • *Session III & IV

  • *Menggambar PFD

    Pump

    LC

    TC

    Reboiler

    Tower

    Bottom Product

    Vapor

    Steam

    Condensate

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  • *

  • *

  • *Aturan Menggambar PFDAturan garis dan ketebalan sama seperti BFDPFD

    Aturan membuat PFD:1. Aliran utama harus dilengkapi tanda panah untuk menunjukkan arah aliran.2. Usahakan aliran dari kiri menuju ke kanan.3. Aliran yang ringan (gas) berada di atas aliran berat (cair / padat).4. Apabila terdapat garis yang memotong, garis horizontal tetap dilanjutkan, sedangkan garis vertikal putus tepat di perpotongan garis.5. Penomoran aliran di dalam simbol diamond.6. Simbol diamond terletak tepat di garis aliran.

  • *Initial nama alat prosesTata cara pemberian simbol dan nomor peralatan (standar ASME)AA-XYYAA = initial alat operasiX = nomor identitas unit area prosesYY = nomor urut identitas alat prosesPFD

    C Kompresor atau turbinE Heat ExchangerH Fired HeaterP Pompa R ReaktorT TowerTK Storage tankV VesselA/B menunjukkan adanya unit paralel atau unit cadangan yang tidak dimunculkan di PFD.

  • *Initial nama bahan utilitasPFD

    Aliran Utilitas:lps = Low Pressure Steam: 3 5 barg (sat)mps = Medium Pressure Steam: 10 15 barg (sat)hps = High Pressure Steam 40 50 barg (sat)htm = Heat Transfer Mediacw = Cooling Waterwr = River Waterrw = Refrigerated Waterrb = Refrigerated Brinecs = Chemical Waste Waterss = Sanitary Waste Waterel = Electric Heat (220V; 440V; 660V)ng = Natural Gasfg = Fuel Gasfo = Fuel Oilfw = Fire Water

  • *Simbol-simbol PFD

    Process Input

    Process output

    Nomor aliran

    instrumentasi

    Simbol instrumentasi:Huruf Pertama:F = FlowL = LevelP = PressureT = Temperature

    Huruf kedua atau ketigaC = ControllerG = GlassI = IndicatorR = RecorderS = SafetyV = ValveW = Well

    FC

  • *

    FC

    TC

    Contoh:Cooler with fixed hot fluid outlet

    Hot Fluid

    Cooler

    FC

    TC

    LC

    PC

    Contoh:Condensation of a pure volatile product

    Tower

    condenser

    accumulator

    vent

    pump

    Overheadproduct

  • *Latihan Menggambar PFDAir Separation Process

    *****