Makalah Kimfis Pemicu 4 - Kelompok 4

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Makalah Kimfis Pemicu 4

Transcript of Makalah Kimfis Pemicu 4 - Kelompok 4

  • TUGAS MAKALAH KELOMPOK

    - K O L O I D -

    KIMIA FISIKA

    KELOMPOK 4

    Diusulkan oleh :

    Ghassan Tsabit Rivai 1406552976

    Masarah Alda Bey 1406553051

    Meidina Sekar Nadisti 1406553045

    Rana Rezeki Najeges 1406553026

    Thareq Kemal Habibie 1406552963

    PROGRAM STUDI TEKNIK KIMIA

    DEPARTEMEN TEKNIK KIMIA

    FAKULTAS TEKNIK

    UNIVERSITAS INDONESIA

    DEPOK

    2015

  • i

    KATA PENGANTAR

    Puji dan Syukur penulis panjatkan ke Hadirat Tuhan Yang Maha Esa, karena berkat limpahan

    Rahmat dan Karunia-nya sehingga penulis dapat menyusun makalah tentang Koloid pada mata kuliah

    Kimia Fisika Semester Ganjil 2015.

    Makalah ini dibuat dengan bantuan dari berbagai pihak untuk membantu menyelesaikan

    tantangan dan hambatan selama mengerjakan makalah ini. Penulis ingin mengucapkan terima kasih

    kepada Ibu Dr. Eny Kusrini S.Si. dan Ibu Ir. Rita Arbianti M.Si. selaku dosen Kimia Fisika yang telah

    sabar membimbing dan mengajar kami selama satu semester ini. Kami juga ingin mengucapkan terima

    kasih kepada Kak Grano selaku asisten dosen Kimia Fisika yang telah banyak membantu kami selama

    proses belajar. Selain itu penulis juga ingin berterima kasih kepada semua yang tidak bisa disebutkan

    satu per satu yang telah membantu proses pembuatan makalah ini.

    Penulis menyadari bahwa masih banyak kekurangan pada makalah ini. Oleh karena itu penulis

    mengundang pembaca untuk memberikan saran serta kritik yang dapat membangun. Kritik konstruktif

    dari pembaca sangat penulis harapkan untuk penyempurnaan makalah kedepannya.

    Penulis berharap agar karya tulis ini bisa bermanfaat bagi semua lapisan masyarakat dan dapat

    digunakan sebagaimana mestinya.

    Depok, 4 Desember 2015

    PENULIS

  • ii

    DAFTAR ISI

    KATA PENGANTAR ............................................................................................................................ i

    DAFTAR ISI.......................................................................................................................................... ii

    DAFTAR GAMBAR DAN TABEL.................................................................................................... iii

    PETA KONSEP ................................................................................................................................... iv

    BAB I ...................................................................................................................................................... 1

    PENDAHULUAN ............................................................................................................................ 1

    TEORI DASAR ....................................................................................................................... 1

    BAB II .................................................................................................................................................... 2

    ISI ...................................................................................................................................................... 2

    JAWABAN PERTANYAAN.................................................................................................. 2

    TOPIK A .......................................................................................................................... 2

    SOAL 1 ......................................................................................................................... 2

    SOAL 2 ......................................................................................................................... 2

    SOAL 3 ......................................................................................................................... 3

    SOAL 4 ......................................................................................................................... 4

    SOAL 5 ......................................................................................................................... 6

    TOPIK B .......................................................................................................................... 8

    SOAL 1 ......................................................................................................................... 8

    SOAL 2 ......................................................................................................................... 8

    SOAL 3 ....................................................................................................................... 10

    SOAL 4 ....................................................................................................................... 11

    SOAL 5 ....................................................................................................................... 12

    TOPIK C ........................................................................................................................ 14

    SOAL 1 ....................................................................................................................... 14

    SOAL 2 ....................................................................................................................... 16

    SOAL 3 ....................................................................................................................... 17

    SOAL 4 ....................................................................................................................... 18

    SOAL 5 ....................................................................................................................... 19

    BAB III ................................................................................................................................................. 21

    PENUTUP ............................................................................................................................... 21

    KESIMPULAN ..................................................................................................................... 21

    DAFTAR PUSTAKA ............................................................................................................................ v

  • iii

    DAFTAR GAMBAR DAN TABEL

    TABEL I ................................................................................................................................................. 2

    GAMBAR 1 ............................................................................................................................................ 3

    GAMBAR 2 ............................................................................................................................................ 7

    TABEL II ................................................................................................................................................ 8

    GAMBAR 3 ............................................................................................................................................ 9

    TABEL III ............................................................................................................................................. 11

    GAMBAR 4 .......................................................................................................................................... 12

    GAMBAR 5 .......................................................................................................................................... 12

    GAMBAR 6 .......................................................................................................................................... 13

    GAMBAR 7 .......................................................................................................................................... 13

    GAMBAR 8 .......................................................................................................................................... 13

    GAMBAR 9 .......................................................................................................................................... 16

    GAMBAR 10 ........................................................................................................................................ 16

    GAMBAR 11 ........................................................................................................................................ 18

    GAMBAR 12 ........................................................................................................................................ 18

    GAMBAR 13 ........................................................................................................................................ 19

    GAMBAR 14 ........................................................................................................................................ 20

    GAMBAR 15 ........................................................................................................................................ 20

  • iv

    PETA KONSEP

  • 1

    BAB I

    PENDAHULUAN

    TEORI DASAR

    Air suatu sarana utama untuk meningkatkan derajat kesehatan masyarakat, karena air

    merupakan salah satu media dari berbagai macam penularan, terutama penyakit perut dan kulit.

    Peningkatan kualitas air minum/bersih dengan jalan mengadakan pengelolaan terhadap air yang akan

    diperlukan sebagai air minum/bersih dengan mutlak diperlukan. Proses pengolahan air antara lain

    secara kimia, fisika, dan biologi. Koagulasi, flokulasi dan sedime