Laporan Pra Kelayakan. Manajemen Pengelolaan Persampahan Kota Batam

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disiapkan dalam rangka kerjasama Pemerintah dan Swasta dalam penanganan sampah kota Batam

Transcript of Laporan Pra Kelayakan. Manajemen Pengelolaan Persampahan Kota Batam

  • 1. Laporan Pra-Studi Kelayakan Proyek Manajemen Pengelolaan Persampahan Kota Batam Tim Konsultan Desember 2012

2. Ringkasan ..................................................................................................................................................................................................6 1. Latar Belakang..................................................................................................................................................................................18 1.1 Pendahuluan..............................................................................................................................................................................18 1.2 Geografi dan Iklim......................................................................................................................................................................20 1.4 Kondisi Ekonomi.........................................................................................................................................................................21 1.4.1 Peluang Investasi di Kota Batam.........................................................................................................................................21 1.5 Sampah di Indonesia..................................................................................................................................................................22 2. Pemangku Kepentingan dan Pengaturan Kelembagaan ..................................................................................................................24 2.1 Overview....................................................................................................................................................................................24 2.2 Pengaturan Kelembagaan Batam...............................................................................................................................................25 3. Kebutuhan Proyek............................................................................................................................................................................27 3.1 Latar Belakang............................................................................................................................................................................27 3.2 Timbulan dan Sumber Sampah..................................................................................................................................................27 3.3 Sistem Sampah Domestik ..........................................................................................................................................................33 3.3.1 Pengumpulan sampah rumah tangga, pewadahan dan daur ulang dan transfer ke TPS ...................................................34 3.3.2 Tempat Pembuangan Sementara (TPS) ..............................................................................................................................34 3.2.3 Tempat Pembuangan Akhir (TPA).......................................................................................................................................36 4. Studi Pasar/Analisis Permintaan ......................................................................................................................................................40 4.1 Situasi Saat Ini............................................................................................................................................................................40 4.2 Kesediaan Membayar (Willingness-to-Pay) ...............................................................................................................................42 4.2.1 Kesediaan Membayar Konsumen Rumah Tangga...............................................................................................................42 4.2.2 Kesediaan Membayar Konsumen Non-Rumah Tangga.......................................................................................................42 5. Analisis Teknis ..................................................................................................................................................................................44 5.1 Opsi Teknis.................................................................................................................................................................................44 5.1.1 Pendekatan .........................................................................................................................................................................44 3. 3 5.2 Pengolahan Sampah Padat Kota dan Opsi Pembuangan ..........................................................................................................47 Opsi 1: Status quo ............................................................................................................................................................................48 Opsi 2: Hanya landfilling upgrade untuk memenuhi standar regulasi...........................................................................................52 Opsi 3: Enhanced Landfill untuk konversi gas ke energi ...............................................................................................................55 Opsi 4: Pemisahan organik dan komposting - dengan residu dibuang ke landfill............................................................................60 Opsi 5: Refuse derived fuel (RDF)/bahan bakar sampah - dengan residu dibuang ke landfill.........................................................64 Opsi 6: Pemisahan organik dan digesti anaerobik untuk pembangkit listrik - dengan residu dibuang ke landfill...........................70 Opsi 7: Konversi sampah ke energi dasar (waste to energy/WTE) - dengan abu dan sampah yang melampaui kapasitas instalasi dibuang ke landfill............................................................................................................................................................................76 Opsi 8: Pemisahan sampah secara mekanis dilanjutkan dengan komposting dan WTE - dengan landfilling sampah yang melebihi kapasitas instalasi dan abu ..............................................................................................................................................................82 Opsi 9: Pemisahan mekanis dan pengeringan biologis fraksi organik basah, dilanjutkan dengan WTE - dengan abu dan sampah yang melebihi kapasitas instalasi dibuang ke landfill.......................................................................................................................88 Opsi 10: Pemisahan mekanis dan pengeringan biologis sampah organik basah diikuti dengan gasifikasi atau pirolisis untuk menciptakan syngas - dengan arang, residu pembersih gas dan sampah yang melebihi kapasitas instalasi dibuang ke landfill ...93 5.3 Perbandingan dan Pemilihan Opsi ...............................................................................................................................101 5.3.1 Pendekatan .......................................................................................................................................................................101 5.3.2 Kapasitas Landfill...............................................................................................................................................................102 5.3.3 Opsi yang Menarik bagi Sektor Swasta .............................................................................................................................103 5.3.4 Keterjangkauan .................................................................................................................................................................104 5.3.5 Manfaat Lingkungan..........................................................................................................................................................107 5.3.6 Ringkasan Berdasarkan KPI ...............................................................................................................................................108 5.3.7 Lembar Evaluasi Perbandingan Opsi.................................................................................................................................109 5.4 Kesimpulan dan Rekomendasi.................................................................................................................................................110 6. Ketersediaan Sumber Daya dan Regulasi.......................................................................................................................................110 6.1 Status Kepemilikan Lahan........................................................................................................................................................111 6.2 Transfer Lahan .........................................................................................................................................................................111 4. 4 6.3 Zonasi Lahan ............................................................................................................................................................................112 6.4 Dokumentasi Status Tanah yang Sesuai untuk Proyek Pengelolaan Sampah Kota Batam ......................................................113 6.5 Isu Legal dan Regulasi Lainnya.................................................................................................................................................114 6.5.1 Perizinan Pengelolaan Sampah.........................................................................................................................................114 7. Safeguard Sosial dan Lingkungan....................................................................................