Ff bermartabat (yuti) - 5

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Buruh tani bukan PETANI. Kerja kayak rodi, perbudakan pun konon masih ada di perkebunan. Kapan petani kita bisa bermartabat? Dimana asa bisa disandarkan?

Transcript of Ff bermartabat (yuti) - 5

  • 1. International Year of Family Farming: Mewujudkan Keluarga Petani Indonesia yang BERMARTABAT Oleh: SYAHYUTI PSEKP - Bogor 19 Agustus 2014 International Year of Family Farming: Mewujudkan Keluarga Petani Indonesia yang BERMARTABAT Oleh: SYAHYUTI PSEKP - Bogor 19 Agustus 2014 1
  • 2. Materi presentasi: 1. International Year of Family Farming (IYFF) dan relevansinya di Indonesia 2. Kondisi petani Indonesia (terutama buruh tani) 3. Berbagai kebijakan tentang petani 4. Seperti apa RT petani yang bermartabat? 5. Bagaimana mencapainya? 2
  • 3. Tahun 2014 adalah International Year of Family Farming (IYFF) Tujuannya adalah = to reposition family farming at the centre of agricultural, environmental and social policies in the national agendas by identifying gaps and opportunities to promote a shift towards a more equal and balanced development. to defend and strengthen Family Farming as a viable alternative to eradicate the hunger, malnutrition and poverty suffered by 1000 million people worldwide. Kegiatan 2014 IYFF 2014 = Promosi, diskusi, dan kerjasama di level nasional, regional, dan global; untuk meningkatkan kesadaran dan pemahaman tentang tantangan yang dihadapi oleh smallholders dan mencari cara EFEKTIF untuk MENDUKUNG family farmers. IYFF didukung oleh World Rural Forum dan 360 NGO sedunia Bagaimana di Indonesia? 3
  • 4. Apa sih Family farming (Pertanian Keluarga) ? ..... a farm owned and operated by family Menurut USDA: family farm = memproduksi untuk dijual, memproduksi cukup untuk kebutuhan keluarga dan usahatani, TK dari dalam keluarga dan dari luar (hired labor). Di AS : 98 persen adalah family farms FAO: family farming = form of organizing crop and forest production as well as fishery, livestock raising, and aquaculture, which is managed and directed by a family, which mainly depends on family labor of both women and men. The family and the holding are linked, co-evolve, and combine economic, environmental, reproductive, social, and cultural functions. 4
  • 5. Sisi-Sisi Positif Pertanian Keluarga (Alejandro Asin http://www.astc.org/...) 1. Family farming feeds the world. 70 persen pangan dunia diproduksi oleh family farmers. Small farms more productive (in terms of output per unit of land and energy use). 2. Family farming generates well being. 40 persen rumah tangga dunia bergantung kepada family farming. Dari 3 milyar penduduk desa di negara berkembang, sebanyak 2,5 milyar bekerja di pertanian. 3. Combats poverty. Pertumbuhan GDP dari pertanian mampu mengurangi kemiskinan dua kali lebih banyak dibanding sektor lain (World Bank). 4. Family farming protects biodiversity and the environment. (source of genetic diversity, uses seed varieties and livestock breeds well adapted to various environments, use of agroecological and traditional techniques, supporting the healthy functioning of ecosystems, more resilient to the impacts of climate change, contributes to maintaining the population in rural areas and preserving historic cultural values). 5
  • 6. Persepsi dan Harapan terhadap Pertanian Keluarga: Family Farming = our alternative for the future Family Farming = feeding the world, caring for the earth Family farming = be a key factor in the UNs Zero Hunger Challenge and the UN post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals Family Farming = combating poverty, achieving food security, and attaining a vibrant rural society, based on respect for the environment and biodiversity. 6
  • 7. Kondisi yang dihadapi (http://www.ruralforum.net/...) 1. Keberadaan pertanian keluarga dipengaruhi oleh krisis pangan, finansial, dan bahan bakar; serta perubahan iklim 2. Kebijakan yang dibuat belum sesuai kebutuhan pertanian keluarga 3. Model ekonomi dan kebijakan pemerintah merugikan pertanian keluarga 4. Ancaman land grabbing terhadap pertanian dan keluarga dan produksi pangan berkelanjutan. 5. Lahan pertanian keluarga (smallholders, indigenous communities, and shepherds) diakuisisi untuk tenaman ekspor 6. Lemah akses dan kontrol pasar, serta posisi tawar 7. Peranan perempuan sangat vital pada pertanian yang 7
  • 8. Kondisi PEREMPUAN dalam Pertanian Keluarga: 1. Women farmers play a vital role in producing as well as providing food for their families and their communities. 2. They are custodians of the environment as well as of the more traditional, less intensive farming and input-efficient techniques. 3. They are leaders in natural and genetic conservation efforts from seed selection to planting, harvesting, storage, and processing. 4. Their contributions are undercounted and most agricultural policies and programs are not sensitive to women farmers needs. 5. Women lack access to and control over land, access to markets, education and a political voice in farmers organizations and in government bodies. 6. They face gender-based discrimination in the household and society at a daily level. 7. These factors reduce their ability to contribute and benefit from agricultural development and also increase their vulnerabilities. 8
  • 9. Kebutuhan ke DEPAN: 1. Strengthen family farmer organizations and movements to increase their influence over policies, institutions and markets, to secure access to the resources they need, and to ensure they are inclusive and act positively in favour of the most marginalized (women, youth, indigenous peoples, etc.). 2. Ensure that public and private institutions, including international financial institutions are accountable to family farmers and provide targeted, quality services (i.e. financing, infrastructure, extension, technology research and innovation, information, public distribution, education, emergency response, etc.) that build on family farmers' knowledge, capabilities, and interests. 3. Define investments and develop policies, in consultation with family farming organizations, which are specifically dedicated to addressing family farmer needs (inputs, local food availability/procurement, storage, territorial approach, and adaptation to local systems, etc.), and to redistributing wealth and opportunities to reduce inequalities in gender, and in access to critical resources (land, water), and services (finance, technologies, social protection). 9
  • 10. Tugas untuk PEMERINTAH: 1. Ensure Family Farmers Access And Control Over Natural Resources, Mainly Land, Water, Forests And Seeds. 2. Promote Sustainable, Agro Ecological Approaches By And With Family Farmers. 3. Ensure Access And Increased Market Power Of Family Farmers. 4. Promote Women Empowerment And Gender Equality. 5. Strengthen Organizations Of Family Farmers. 6. Promote Agriculture Among The Youth. 10
  • 11. Yang dibutuhkan (Alejandro Asin http://www.astc.org/...) 1. Keterlibatan dan komitmen semua pihak 2. Pendidikan publik dan advokasi 3. Promosi kebijakan 4. Peningkatan infrastruktur dan pelayanan di pedesaan 5. Dukungan langsung untuk perempuan melalui investasi, kredit, land titling, dll. 6. Peningkatan TK pedesaan terutama kalangan muda 7. Penelitian pertanian 8. Pelatihan untuk peningkatan kapasitas 9. Peningkatan kesadaran sosial tentang peran pertanian keluarga 11
  • 12. pertanian keluarga (Family Farming) vs keluarga petani (yang bermartabat)? 12 Untuk Indonesia saat ini: 1.Dasar semangat family farming yakni ketakutan hilangnya Pertanian Keluarga tidak terlalu relevan di Indonesia 2.Pertanian keluarga akan eksis lama, sulit dihapus . 3.Isu yang lebih prioritas adalah APAKAH PETANI dan KELUARGA PETANI nya TERLINDUNGI, SEJAHTERA, TERHORMAT, .........BERMARTABAT?
  • 13. Selama ini berbagai istilah telah berkembang yang selaras dengan Family Farming: 1. peasant (vs farmer) 2. Petani kecil (vs petani besar) 3. Bertani sebagai way of life (vs bertani sebagai bisnis 4. Petani gurem (vs petani luas) 5. Pertanian agroekologi (vs agribisnis) 6. Pertanian rakyat (vs pertanian kapitalis) 7. Dll 13
  • 14. Posisi konsep Family Farming dan Small Farmer 14 Seluruh USAHA PERTANIAN Perusahaan Pertanian Pertanian KELUARGA Pertanian keluarga skala sedang/besar Pertanian keluarga SMALL FARMER