Cover Depan Agustus 14.psd

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  • Salam hangat para pembaca Majalah Geospasial,

    Edisi Agustus tahun 2014 telah hadir kembali di tengah tahun dengan memberikan ruang kepada mahaiswa S1

    dan S2 Geografi untuk berpartisipasi aktif memberikan sosialisasi tentang hasil karya mereka semasa kuliah di

    Geografi. Tulisan S1 atas nama Ramdhani, Mia dan Fathu memberikan info bahwa materi kuliah yang diberikan

    bisa digunakan untuk mengatasi masalah.

    Edisi ini menampilkan karya mahaiswa S2 Geografi dibawah bimbingan Raldi H. Koestoer, Ph.D, APU. Isu terkini

    yang diangkat adalah mengenai adanya Masyarakat Ekonomi ASEAN tahun 2015, kondisi Cina, asuransi

    terhadap bencana iklim dan tema lainnya tersaji dalam edisi Agustus 2014. Beberapa tulisan yang belum

    diterbitkan akan disajikan pada edisi berikutnya.

    Sebagai media info berbagai aktfitas alumni Geografi di berbagai bidang, seperti Deliyanti, alumni Geografi

    angkatan 2007 memberikan pengetahuan tentang Web GIS berbasis opensources bagian pertama.

    Riset dan pengabdian masyarakat menjadi tugas yang penting bagi pendidik, terutama di perguruan tinggi.

    Hasil riset yang sederhana tetapi sangat bermanfaat bagi masyarakat yang bekerja pada bidang pertanian dan

    kesehatan, dalam kegiatan Pengelolaan Data Iklim dan Kesehatan Masyarakat dalam rangka implementasi riset

    serta bersinergi dengan kegiatan K2N Mahasiswa UI tahun 2014 di sekitar daerah aliran sungai bagian hulu dari

    Ci Liwung.

    Sebagai penutup, kami dari redaksi mengucapkan terima kasih atas tulisan telah masuk dan terbit pada

    Agustus 2014, selamat membaca, dan sukses selalu dalam pekerjaan dan berkarya membangun bangsa dan

    negara Indonesia.

    Salam Redaksi

    DARI REDAKSI

    Volume 12 / No. 2 / Agustus 2014

    TIM REDAKSI Penasehat - Dr. Rokhmatuloh, M.Eng Readksi - Adi Wibowo, Iqbal Putut Ash Shidiq, Laju Gandharum, Ratri Candra, Weling Suseno, Rendy P, Ardiansyah Staf Ahli - Astrid Damayanti, Sugeng Wicahyadi, Supriatna, Triarko Nurlambang Alamat Redaksi - Departemen Geografi FMIPA UI, Kampus UI Depok Diterbitkan oleh: Forum Kounikasi Geografi Universitas Indonesia Redaksi menerima artikel/opini/pendapat dan saran dari pembaca, utamanya berkaitan dengan masalah keruangan.

  • DAFTAR ISI

    Dari Redaksi Daftar Isi - 01 GIS Application for Jakarta Flood Evacuation Planning Using Network Analyst - 02

    Kilasan Sesar Keruangan - 06 Dua Sisi Bersilang Kisruh - 13 Membangun Web GIS Sederhana Menggunakan OpenGeo WebApp SDK (Software Development Kit) Bagian Pertama - 20

    Climate Change and Insurance: An Agenda for Action in United States - 24

    MEA Diantara Dua Sisi Koin Ruang - 30

    Ketimpangan Pembangunan Ekonomi di Wilayah Cina antara Tahun 1991 dan 2001 - 35

    Aglomerasi Ekonomi dan Penentuan Lokasi Industri Dalam Pendekatan Segitiga Lokasi - 41

    Semarang World Heritage City 2020 - 46 Pemberdayaan Masyarakat dalam Pengelolaan Data Iklim dan Kesehatan Masyarakat - 50

    Volume 12 / No. 2 / Agustus 2014

  • D isaster is an event that causes many losses and damages to people, which would take much time to be restored (Sugiantoro and Purnomo, 2010). Flood is a disaster that happens in Jakarta regu-

    larly. In January 2013, a huge flood afflicted Jakarta, and

    the impact was really huge. This flood is more

    devastated than the flood that happened in 2007. The

    2013 flood was

    distributed in 327 points in Jakarta, the depth was

    about 70 cm - 3 m1. Because of this flood, 21 people

    died, and 9.374 people had to flee2. Governor of Jakarta,

    Ir. Joko Widodo predicted the economy loss that was

    caused by flood disaster was about 20 trillion rupiah3.

    This loss included the infrastructure damage due to

    electricity dysfunction.

    The huge flood that happened from 17th to 24th January

    2013 paralyzed economy activities in Jakarta for about a

    week. High number of flood potential victims in Jakarta

    was mostly caused by the lack of governments and

    societys preparedness in facing the disaster. That is why

    flood disaster mitigation is urgently needed to diminish

    the risks. One method to do this is by making an

    efficient evacuation plan from victim locations to

    evacuation shelter.

    For Jakarta case, actually the city already had early flood

    warning system from Katulampa Dam. Katulampa Dam

    is one of the big dam that is connected to Ciliwung

    River. When Katulampa Dams water discharge rises,

    Jakarta would receive the warning before the dam is

    opened. So there are 1-2 days for Jakarta people to do

    preparedness by evacuating themselves. Jakarta as the

    susceptible area to flood disaster urgently needs a good

    preparedness involving the current technology to

    configure disaster contingency plan. Preparedness itself

    is a state of readiness of organization, filled by some

    series of efficient activies done as preventive measures.

    Mitigation is an effort to reduce loss of life and

    properties by lessening the impact of disasters.

    Mitigation is taking action nowbefore the next

    disasterto reduce human and financial consequences

    later4.

    Preparedness would be successfully implemented after

    good planning made, continued with organization and

    preparation for the required resources. The stage is

    followed by training the susceptible victims by holding

    evacuation simulation. Evacuation itself is described as

    the immediate and rapid movement of people away

    from the threat or actual occurrence of a hazard. After

    the simulation, the infirmity of this plan would be

    known and corrections could be made for the plan to

    make it more effective. Therefore, this paper would

    examine more how Geographic Information System

    (GIS) could be used to make evacuation plan for flood

    mitigation. It would examine deeply, especially on the

    Planning Action part.

    Geographic Information System is a manual or

    computer based of procedures used to store and

    manipulate geographically referenced data (Aronoff,

    1989). A geographic information system integrates

    hardware, software, and data for capturing, managing,

    analyzing, and displaying all forms of geographically

    reference information. Geographic Information System

    can be applied to many types of problems such as

    disaster mitigation, development planning, natural

    resource detection, tourism planning, urban planning,

    and many more.

    1 Federal Police Agency of Jakartas Data 2 Regional Disaster Management Agency of Jakartas Data 3 http://www.antaranews.com Thursday, January 22th 2013 4 Federal Emergency Management Agency United State

    STUDENT PAPER

    GIS APPLICATION

    FOR JAKARTA FLOOD EVACUATION PLANNING USING NETWORK ANALYST

    Oleh: M Ramdhani Fajri, Mia Renauly, dan Fathu Rohmah

    [email protected], [email protected], [email protected]

    Volume 12 / No. 2 / Agustus 2014

  • This concept employs Network Analyst extension on

    ArcGIS software. Benefit of this design concept idea is as

    a consideration material for local government or related

    agencies to make a better mitigation plan.

    Previous research about network analyst application in

    disaster management, particularly on evacuation route

    plan has done by Ratna Sari Dewi (2010) regarding

    tsunami disaster in Cilacap. Evacuation shelter was

    determined by interpreting high resolution image and

    field survey by considering distance from coast,

    building structure, and building capacity. The best

    evacuation route is determined by travel time

    impedance, because tsunami evacuation is really

    limited by time. Another research about network

    analyst has done by Hanif Santoso (2010) in Situbondo,

    by making flood evacuation route planning. The route is

    determined by distance from river stream and road

    width. While this research is the advancement of

    previous research, where evacuation shelter is

    determined by distance from supporting facilities such

    as health care and logistic. After the ideal shelter found,

    best evacuation route would be found by considering

    the shortest distance.

    STUDY AREA

    The study area of this research is in Jakarta. Jakarta is

    located between 106o 22 42 E-106o 58 18 E and 5o 19

    12 S6o 23 54 S. Jakarta is a plain with average

    altitude about 7 meters above sea level, but in some

    places it is located 0 meters above sea level or even

    beneath sea level. The west shore of Jakarta stretched

    on for 35 km with 9 estuaries and 2 canals. There are

    several downstream part of watershed in Jakarta, that is

    Angke Watershed, Buaran Watershed, Cakung

    Watershed, Cengkareng Watershed, Ciliwung

    Watershed, Cipinang Watershed, Grogol Watershed,

    Jatikramat Watershed, Krukut Watershed, Mampang

    Watershed, Pesanggrahan Watershed, Sekertaris

    Watershed, and Sunter Watershed. Jakarta plain is

    consisted of alluvium fan formed from sedimentation of

    volcanic material of Mount Gede and Mount Salak on

    the South. As a city located in humid tropical area,

    Jakarta has average temperature about 27o C, and

    average rainfall rate between 1857-3167 mm per year

    with 73-75% humidity.

    METHODOLOGY

    Data Collection

    Several spatial data will be utilized such as;

    Flood Area Map This map will be used to determine latest fl