Case Study of Biomass and Energy Efficiency in Cocoa ...foodreview.co.id/seminarsept18/Sindra Wijaya...

download Case Study of Biomass and Energy Efficiency in Cocoa ...foodreview.co.id/seminarsept18/Sindra Wijaya - Case Study of... · Banyak pengalaman di bidang kakao & cokelat Mempunyai bisnis

If you can't read please download the document

  • date post

    07-Mar-2019
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    221
  • download

    3

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of Case Study of Biomass and Energy Efficiency in Cocoa ...foodreview.co.id/seminarsept18/Sindra Wijaya...

Case Study of Biomass and Energy Efficiency in Cocoa Processing Industry

Sindra Wijaya, SE

Director

PT. Bumitangerang Mesindotama ( BT Cocoa )

Pendahuluan

Efisiensi pada dasarnya sangat diperlukan di semua

perusahaan untuk menghadapi persaingan global,

terlebih pada industri kakao yang profit marginnya tipis.

Kebutuhan gas di BT Cocoa sekitar 500,000 m3 per

bulan.

BT menggunakan Vyncke Steam Boiler kapasitas 10

ton/jam.

Bahan bakarnya menggunakan cocoa shell (kulit biji

kakao)

Indonesia

$ 7.50

Mexico (N/A)

Argentina (N/A)

(16.5 Milion TPA)

(115.8 Million TPA)

(7.6 Million TPA)

(8.4 Million TPA)

(26.2 Million TPA)

(2.3 Million TPA)

Brazil (0.2 Million TPA)

USA(68.5 Million TPA)

Canada(9.5 Million TPA)

Spain (N/A)

(0.6 Million TPA)

Legend(....) = Kapasitas produksi berbagai

produk PetrokimiaTPA= Ton Per Annual

HARGA GAS BUMI DUNIA (Mei 2016)

3HARGA GAS DI INDONESIA TERTINGGI DI DUNIA !

Penetapan Tarif Gas

di Tangerang - Banten

PemasokTarif

(USD/MMBTU)%

Rata-rata(USD/MMBTU)

PGN 7.56 75% 5.67

Pertagas 16.70 25% 4.18

Rata-rata 100% 9.85

Untuk industri yang pemakaian gasnya besar PGN mewajibkan

menggunakan Pertagas sekitar 25% dari total pemakaian. Dengan

alasan PGN kekurangan pasokan gas. ( Hingga tahun 2016 )

Perbandingan Harga Gas

di Industri Kakao

Negara Tarif GasPer mmbtu

Indonesia Usd 9.85

Malaysia Usd 6.2

Singapura Usd 5.3

Note : Tingginya harga gas menyebabkan daya saing

industri kita kalah dibanding negara lain.

Jokowi Instruksikan Harga Gas

Turun Jadi US$5-US$6 per MMBTUChristie Stefanie, CNN Indonesia | Selasa, 04/10/2016 16:30 WIB

Presiden Joko Widodo menginstruksikan penurunan harga gas untuk industri

nasional antara US$5-US$6 per Million Metric British Thermal Unit (MMBTU).

(REUTERS/Mark Schiefelbein).

Jakarta, CNN Indonesia -- Presiden Joko Widodo menginstruksikan penurunan

harga gas untuk industri nasional antara US$5-US$6 per Million Metric British

Thermal Unit (MMBTU). Instruksi itu diberikan karena harga gas untuk industri

di Indonesia tergolong tinggi, bahkan tertinggi di Asia Tenggara.

"Saya kemarin hitung-hitungan, kira-kira US$5-6 per MMBTU. Syukur di bawah

itu," kata Jokowi di Kantor Presiden, Selasa (4/10).

https://www.cnnindonesia.com/ekonomi/20161004161920-85-163252/jokowi-instruksikan-harga-gas-turun-jadi-us-5-us-

6-per-mmbtu

Sektor industri yang diusulkan mendapat penurunan

harga gas :

1. Pupuk

2. Petrokimia

3. Baja

4. Keramik

5. Kaca

6. Sarung tangan karet

7. Tekstil

8. Alas Kaki

9. Pulp & Kertas

10.Makanan/Minuman

Sektor industri yang mendapat penurunan harga gas :

1. Pupuk

2. Petrokimia

3. BajaBUMN

Gagalnya mendapat penurunan harga gas dari

pemerintah, membuat kami terus berupaya untuk

meningkatkan efisiensi.

Tahun 2017 kami menggunakan jasa dari Forbes

Marshall Indonesia untuk membenahi jalur steam dan

boiler di pabrik agar lebih efisien.

Energy requirements biomass unit Natural Gas unit

Average energy output boiler 12.00 Gcal/h 12.00 Gcal/h

13.92 MW 13.92 MW

50.23 GJ/h 50.23 GJ/h

Efficiency boiler 87% % 85% %

Average energy input boiler 13.79 Gcal/h 14.12 Gcal/h

16.00 MW 16.00 MW

57.74 GJ/h 59.10 GJ/h

Hours per day of boileroperation 24 h 24 h

Days per year of boileroperation 330 d 330 d

Hours per year of boileroperation 8,000 h/y 8,000 h/y

Caloric value of fuel 4,200 kcal/kg 9,000 kcal/l

17,581 kJ/kg-m-l 37,674 kJ/l

YEARLY ENERGY OUTPUT 110.2 GWh 110.2 GWh

Investment Cocoa Shell Natural Gas unit

Off-shore (Vyncke) portion 1,600,000 EUR 0 EUR

0 RM

On-shore (local) portion 100,000 EUR 0 RM

Other (civil works, transport, etc) 100,000 EUR 0 RM

TOTAL INVESTMENT COST 1,800,000 EUR 0 RM

Investment parameters Cocoa Shell Natural Gas unit

Down-payment period cashloan 5 y 3 y

Interest rate cash loan 5.0% % 0.0% %

Operational costs Cocoa Shell Natural Gas unit

Average yearly interest cost (loan) 63,539 EUR/Y 0 EUR/Y

Yearly intrest costs 63,539 EUR/Y 0 EUR/Y

Average consumption per hour of fuel 1.900 ton/h 720 m3/hr

Average consumption per year of fuel 15,200 ton/year 5,760,000 m3/year

Purchase price fuel 1,200 Rp/kg 6,000 Rp/ton

Purchase price fuel 101.74 EUR/ton 0.51 EUR/m3

annual fuel cost 1,546,405 EUR/year 2,930,030 EUR/y

Installed electrical capacity installation 150 kW 30 kW

Average electrical load 100% % 100% %

Yearly electricity consumption 1,188,000 kWh 237,600 kWh

Electricity price (average) 0.058 EUR/kWh 0.058 EUR/kWh

Total yearly electricity costs 68,489 EUR/y 13,698 EUR/y

Yearly spare part costs boiler 48,000 EUR/y 9,000 EUR/y

Yearly spare part costs fluegascleaning 0 EUR/y 0 EUR/y

Total yearly spare part costs 48,000 EUR/y 9,000 EUR/y

Manhours per day for boileroperation and cleaning 24 manhour/d 0.0 manhour/d

Manhours per year for boileroperation and cleaning 7,920 manhours/y 0 manhours/y

Labor costs per manhour 0.22 EUR/h 0.22 EUR/h

Yearly manhours costs 1,742 EUR/Y 0 EUR/Y

Yearly costs of boilerapproval 0 EUR/Y 0 EUR/Y

Yearly costs of measuring CO, NOX, 0 0 EUR/Y

Yearly costs of measuring dioxines 0 0 EUR/Y

Yearly measurem. costs 0 0 EUR/Y

YEARLY OPERATIONAL COSTS 1,728,176 2,952,728 EUR/Y

Investment analysis biomass vs NG unit

Yearly savings operational costs 1,224,552 EUR/Y

Additional investment cost 1,800,000 EUR

PAY BACK PERIOD 1.47 y

INVESTMENT ANALYSIS BIOMASS FIRED STEAM GENERATOR

FOR BT COCOA

Energy requirements Cocoa Shell unit Solar unit

Average energy output boiler 12.00 Gcal/h 12.00 Gcal/h

13.92 MW 13.92 MW

50.23 GJ/h 50.23 GJ/h

Efficiency boiler 87% % 85% %

Average energy input boiler 13.79 Gcal/h 14.12 Gcal/h

16.00 MW 16.00 MW

57.74 GJ/h 59.10 GJ/h

Hours per day of boileroperation 24 h 24 h

Days per year of boileroperation 330 d 330 d

Hours per year of boileroperation 8,000 h/y 8,000 h/y

Caloric value of fuel 4,200 kcal/kg 9,000 kcal/l

17,581 kJ/kg-m-l 37,674 kJ/l

YEARLY ENERGY OUTPUT 110.2 GWh 110.2 GWh

Investment Cocoa Shell Solar unit

Off-shore (Vyncke) portion 1,600,000 EUR 0 EUR

0 RM

On-shore (local) portion 100,000 EUR 0 RM

Other (civil works, transport, etc) 100,000 EUR 0 RM

TOTAL INVESTMENT COST 1,800,000 EUR 0 RM

Investment parameters Cocoa Shell Solar unit

Down-payment period cashloan 5 y 3 y

Interest rate cash loan 5.0% % 0.0% %

Operational costs Cocoa Shell Solar unit

Average yearly interest cost (loan) 63,539 EUR/Y 0 EUR/Y

Yearly intrest costs 63,539 EUR/Y 0 EUR/Y

Average consumption per hour of fuel 1.900 ton/h 720 m3/hr

Average consumption per year of fuel 15,200 ton/year 5,760,000 m3/year

Purchase price fuel 1,200 Rp/kg 9,000 Rp/ton

Purchase price fuel 101.74 EUR/ton 0.76 EUR/m3

annual fuel cost 1,546,405 EUR/year 4,395,045 EUR/y

Installed electrical capacity installation 150 kW 30 kW

Average electrical load 100% % 100% %

Yearly electricity consumption 1,188,000 kWh 237,600 kWh

Electricity price (average) 0.058 EUR/kWh 0.058 EUR/kWh

Total yearly electricity costs 68,489 EUR/y 13,698 EUR/y

Yearly spare part costs boiler 48,000 EUR/y 9,000 EUR/y

Yearly spare part costs fluegascleaning 0 EUR/y 0 EUR/y

Total yearly spare part costs 48,000 EUR/y 9,000 EUR/y

Manhours per day for boileroperation and cleaning 24 manhour/d 0.0 manhour/d

Manhours per year for boileroperation and cleaning 7,920 manhours/y 0 manhours/y

Labor costs per manhour 0.22 EUR/h 0.22 EUR/h

Yearly manhours costs 1,742 EUR/Y 0 EUR/Y

Yearly costs of boilerapproval 0 EUR/Y 0 EUR/Y

Yearly costs of measuring CO, NOX, 0 0 EUR/Y

Yearly costs of measuring dioxines 0 0 EUR/Y

Yearly measurem. costs 0 0 EUR/Y

YEARLY OPERATIONAL COSTS 1,728,176 4,417,743 EUR/Y

Investment analysis biomass vs NG unit

Yearly savings operational costs 2,689,567 EUR/Y

Additional investment cost 1,800,000 EUR

PAY BACK PERIOD 0.67 y

INVESTMENT ANALYSIS BIOMASS FIRED STEAM GENERATOR

FOR PT.X

BIOMASSVS

NATURAL GAS & SOLAR

Investment analysis Biomass vs NG unit

Yearly savings operational costs 1,224,552.09 EUR/Y

Investment cost 1,800,000.00 EUR

PAY BACK PERIOD 1.47 year

Investment analysis Biomass vs SOLAR unit

Yearly savings operational costs 2,689,567.23 EUR/Y

Investment cost 1,800,000.00 EUR

PAY BACK PERIOD 0.67 year

BENEFITS

Lebih efisien.

Meningkatkan profit.

Mengurangi peredaran Cocoa Shell

Powder yang dilarang pemerintah.

Turut menciptakan Green Energy.

VYNCKE AT BT COCOA

SEKILAS TENTANG BT COCOA

Pendiri Piter Jasman

Memiliki 100% BT Cocoa

Banyak pengalaman di bidang kakao & cokelat

Mempunyai bisnis lain: Istana Nelayan (Hotel &

Restaurant), PT Wihadil (Pemanis buatan), PT

Amco (Herbisida)

Ketua Asosiasi Industri Kakao Indonesia (AIKI).

Salah satu pendiri dari Dewan Kakao Indonesia

(Dekaindo)

Pengurus Kadin Indonesia bidang Agro industri.

Visi & Misi

VISI

Diakui sebagai penyedia kakao global yang fokus pada pertumbuhan berkelanjutan.

MISI

Memenuhi kebutuhan kakao pelanggan dengan semangat dan integritas yang tinggi, memastikan pertumbuhan yang berkelanjutan baik secara ekonomi dan lingkungan.

Sejarah

Quality Assurance & Control

BAHAN BAKU

(LABORATORIUM BIJI KAKAO):

Memastikan biji kakao memenuhi

persyaratan FCC (import) dan SNI

(lokal).

Analisa kimia (kadar air, pH, lemak),

tes fisik, cut test, bean count & kadar

shell.

Quality Assurance & Control

BARANG JADI & DALAM PROSES (LABORATORIUM KIMIA & FISIKA):

Memastikan produk sesuai dengan

spesifikasi

Memastikan konsistensi produk

Analisa warna Intrinsik color, rasa,

kadar lemak, kadar shell, kadar abu,

pH, kadar air, kehalusan, dan

parameter kimia lainnya untuk cocoa

butter (FFA, POV, titik didih, dll)

Quality Assurance & Control

Barang Jadi & Dalam Proses

Laboratorium Mikrobiologi:

Memastikan produk bebas dari

kontaminasi mikrobiologi

Analisa TPC, Yeast & Mould,

Coliform, Pathogen Salmonella

& E. Coli

Research & Development

Pengembangan produk

Optimalisasi proses produk

Pengembangan aplikasi

Pelatihan untuk umum di Chocolate

Academy

Pelanggan Lebih Dari 50 Negara Didunia

Produk kami Cocoa Liquor

Asal:

Indonesia

Blend Asian / African

Ivory Coast

Ghana

Profil Roasting:

Rendah

Medium

Tinggi

Produk kami Cocoa Powder

ASAL:

Blend Asian/ African

Indonesia

Variasi Warna:

Cokelat Muda

Cokelat Sedang

Cokelat Kemerahan

Cokelat Gelap

Merah Tua

Hitam

Produk kami Cocoa Butter

Natural PPP Cocoa Butter

Deodorized Cocoa Butter

Bleached Cocoa Butter

Primaniyarta Awards

Primaniyarta Award 2008 Primaniyarta Award 2009

Primaniyarta Award 2013Primaniyarta Award 2011

Primaniyarta Award 2010

Primaniyarta Award 2014

Program Quality Assurance

FSSC 22000 : 2011

ISO 22000:2005

ISO 17025 : 2005

HACCP

SNI

HALAL

KOSHER

CUSTOMER KUNCI

THANK YOU