BUDIDAYA KELINCI

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  • BUDIDAYA KELINCIAbdul SamikFKH-UADesember 2013

  • KEUNGGULAN KELINCI KelinciAyamKambingSapiJml anak/th (ekor)401001.40,8

    BB induk (kg)4,5 3 70500

    Protein (gram)2016-20-19

    Lemak(%)6,8133632

  • Jenis-Jenis KelinciKesenangan (Hobi)Budidaya, KontesLaboratoriumBuluAngoraRexDagingTipe besar

  • BERDASARKAN UKURANNYA :

    Kecil (0.9-2.7 kg)American Fuzzy LopBritannia PetiteDutchDwarf HototFlorida whiteHavana HimalayanHolland Lop

  • 9. Jersey wolly10. Mini Lop11. Mini Rex 12. Netherland Dwarf 13. Polish 14. Silver15. Tan

  • Sedang (2.7-4.1kg)1. American Sable 7. Lilac 2. Belgian Hare 8. Rex 3. English angora 9. Rhinelander 4. English Spot 10. Satin Angora 5. French angora 11. Silver Marten 6. Harlequin 12. Standard Chinchilla

  • Besar (4.1-5kg)1. American 2. American Chinchilla 3. Beveren 4. Californian 5. Champagne d'Argent 6. Cinnamon 7. Creme d'Argent 8. English Lop 9. Giant Angora 10. Hotot 11. New Zealand 12. Palomino 13. Satin 14. Silver Fox

  • Raksasa (lebih dari 5kg)

    1. Checkered Giant,2. Flemish Giant (Patagonian),3. French Lop4. Giant Chinchilla

  • KEGUNAANDaging protein tinggi cholesterol rendah lemak rendah

  • Penelitian produksi antibodi studi reproduksi penelitian penyakit manusia

  • Bulu - Normal - Rex - Angora - Satin

    Kesayangan

  • JENIS-JENIS KELINCI45 Jenis

    5 kelas utama mini kecil sedang besar giant

  • Kandang dan PerlengkapanKandang cukup lebar untuk pergerakan kelinci

    Kandang terbuat dr kawat

    Lantai kandang terbuat dari kayu yg kuat

  • PerawatanTahan thd suhu dinginTdk tahan thd suhu panasMembutuhkan udara bebas bergerakBlock drafts in cold weather

  • Jenis pakan :Hijauan : rumput lapangan, limbah sayuran, daun turi, daun lamtoro, dll.Hay (rumput kering) : rumput gajah, setaria, pucuk tebu, dll.Biji bijian : jagung, sorgum, kacang hijau. Umbi umbian : wortel,ubi jalar, singkong.Konsentrat : pellet (pakan buatan dari dari pabrik), bekatul, dll.

  • Pemberian pakanSistem ad libitum : pemberian pakan selalu tersediaSistem restriction : pemberian pakan yg disediakan scr terbatasKebiasaan KelinciCoprophage/caecotrophy : memakan kotoran sendiri. Fur eating habit : menggigit dan memakan bulunya sendiri/ kayu tmp sangkarnya.

  • Tujuan menyusun ransum kelinci memenuhi kebutuhan nutrisi ternak kelinciagar produksi optimalkeuntungan optimal Syaratmemahami kebutuhan zat-zat nutrisi kelinci (feeding standard)memahami komposisi kimia bahanmampu merangkum bahan

  • Pemilihan bahan :- mudah didapat- murah harganya- tidak bersaing dengan keperluan manusia- terjamin ketersediaannyabaik kualitasnya

    Jumlah pemberian konsentrat : - Pertumbuhan,penggemukan,pejantan : 50 gr. - induk bunting : 70 gr. - induk menyusui : 150 200 gr. - + rumput lapangan ad lib.

  • Jumlah pemberian konsentrat : - Pertumbuhan,penggemukan,pejantan : 50 gr. - induk bunting : 70 gr. - induk menyusui : 150 200 gr. - + rumput lapangan ad lib.

  • PAKANTempat pakan terbuat dr stainles

    Tempat minum bentuk ember atau botol

    Pakan komersial (pelet)

  • Jangan terlalu banyak makan selada hijau

    Jangan terlalu banyak memberi pakan sayur atau buah

    Coprophagy

  • PAKAN KELINCIRumput keringJagungGandumTepung gandumwortelApelBuncisPisangNanas

  • HandlingJangan dipegang telinganya

    Gunakan baju lengan panjang

    Pegang dg lembut

  • ISTILAHJantan: Buck Betina: Doe Muda: Bunny Anak: Kit Group: Herd

  • REPRODUKSIPubertas: 5-8 blnBetina butuh sinar lampu slm 16 jam/hr untuk proses reproduksiBetina dibawa kekandang jantan pd saat kawin (tdk sebaliknya)

  • Kebuntingan: 30-32 hr

    Doe merontokkan bulu untuk membuat sarang

    Tinggalkan doe sendiri pd saat melahirkan

    Sapih: 4-8 mgg

  • PENYAKIT KELINCI

  • Enteritis Peradangan pd saluran usus Menyebabkan kematian pd kelinci Disebabkan oleh bakteri dan sanitasi yg tdk baik Gejala: tdk mau makan. Minum air terlalu banyak Kematian terjadi 4-7 hr stl infeksi Pengobatan dg antibiotik broad-spectrum

  • SnufflesDisebabkan oleh Pasteurella multocida Gejala: bersin dg keluar ingus

    Muncul pd hwn yg stres

  • Wry NeckKepala melintir kesalah satu sisi

    Disebabkan oleh Pasteurella multocida

    Pengobatan: antibiotics

  • Kutu telingaParasit eksternalMengeleng-gelengkan kepala, mengaruk-garuk telingaPengobatan: mineral oil untuk telinga atau obat tetes telinga

  • JENIS-JENIS KELINCI

  • American ChinchillaGreat for MeatVery PopularGreat PetsDocile natureNeed to be protected from cold, drafts, wind, snow and rain.

  • American SableAmerican Sable is a rich sepia brown color with brown eyes.Weights Sr. Buck-8 poundsWeight Sr. Does - 9 pounds

  • AmericanThe American Blue Rabbit comes from Pasadena, Calif.Intended as a meat and fur rabbitBucks weigh 9 poundsDoes weigh 10 pounds

  • CalifornianDeveloped in the USA in 1920sRapid maturingMeat breedHigh Quality FurCrossed between Himalayan and Chinchilla rabbit breeds.Weight 7-15 pounds

  • Champagne dArgentSr. Bucks weigh 10 poundsSr. Does weigh 10-11 pounds.Adult color is bluish white body with black hairs with darker nose and muzzle, brown eyes

  • CinnamonAmerican breed of rabbits - developed in Montana.Commercial breeding rabbit weighing 8.5 - 11 pounds.Rich, russet dark brown color - deep cinnamon.

  • Dwarf HototOriginal home was Germany.Crossbred from Netherlands Dwarf and Dutch.Small and Compact, stocky, docile little rabbitAverage weight-2.5 pounds

  • DutchBlack Dutch most common. Other colors include Blue, Chocolate, Gray, Steel, Tortoise.White shoulders are distinguishing markWell rounded bodyBlaze on face-wedge shaped.

  • English AngoraAverage size 5.5 pounds.Colors: lilac, chocolate, white, fawn, chestnut, broken black, blue, Fur type rabbit.

  • French AngoraAverage Weight 7.5 to 8 poundsGood wool producersDual Purpose, wood and meat.All toenails should be matched.Colors-variety of colors including white, solids, or brokens

  • Flemish GiantColors: Black, blue, fawn, light gray, sandy, steel, gray, and white.Sr. Bucks weigh 13 pounds or overSr. Does weigh 14 pounds or over.

  • French LopColor Groups: Agouti, Broken, self, shaded, ticked, wide band.Classifications-broken pattern or solid pattern.Sr. bucks-10.5 poundsSr. Does-11 pounds

  • Florida WhiteExcellent Meat rabbitPure white colorPink eyesSr. Bucks & Does - 5 poundsJr. Bucks & Does - up to 4.5 pounds.

  • American Fuzzy LopColor Groups: Agouti, Broken, Pointed White, Self, Shaded, Wide Band.Classifications-Broken & Solid patternSr. Bucks - 3.5 lbs.Sr. Does - 3.75 lbs.

  • Giant AngoraFur Type RabbitColors: Ruby Eyed WhiteSr. Bucks - 9.5 lbs.Sr. Does - 10 lbs.

  • Giant ChinchillaChinchilla color with brown eyes.Sr. Bucks - 12-15 pounds.Sr. Does - 13-16 pounds.Meat Type rabbit

  • HavanaColors: Black, Blue and ChocolateSr. Bucks & Does - 5.25 - 5.5 poundsJr. Bucks & Does- minimum 2.5 pounds.

  • HimalayanSmall Size , gentle natureIdeal for childrenColors: Black, Blue, chocolate, and lilacSr. Bucks & Does - 3.5 poundsJr. Bucks & Does- minimum 1.25 lbs.

  • Holland LopRound head with flat face.Short lop ears.Many Color GroupsSr. Buck & Does up to 4 pounds. Jr. Bucks & Does up to 2 pounds

  • HarlequinGroups include: Japanese, MagpieColor varieties: Black, blue,chocolate, and lilac.Sr. Bucks - 7.5 lbs.Sr. Does - 8 lbs.

  • English LopVery tolerant and affectionate animalEars must measure 21 from tip to tip to be shown.Ears problems a key factor to health-scapes.Sr. Bucks & Does -9 to 10 lbs.

  • Mini SatinColor varieties: white with light ivory cast and pink eyes.Sr. Bucks & Does - 4 pounds.

  • Mini LopVery gentle handling, docile breedChubby faces, lopped ears, compact body.Solid and brokenSr. Bucks & Does - 6 pounds.

  • Mini RexSmall, compact type breed.Fur-plush and velvety. Colors-black, blue, castor, chocolate, lilac, lynx, opal, seal, tortoise, white, red sable, otter, sand, Weight - up to 4 lbs.

  • Netherlands DwarfSmall, compact rabbit, round head and body.They come in 29 color varieties.Sr. Bucks & Does up to 2 pounds.

  • New ZealandMeat RabbitsColor Varieties: Black, Red and White.Sr. Bucks - 10 lbs.Sr. Does - 11 lbs.Very hardy, popular meat breed.

  • PolishOriginated In England and Germany.Small and CompactColors: black, blue, broken, chocolate, blue-eyed white, ruby-eyed white.Sr. Buck & Doe - 2.5 lbs.

  • PalominoColor varieties: Golden, and lynxSr. Buck - 9 poundsSr. Doe - 10 poundsMeaty breed

  • RexAll purpose breed; excellent carcass and excellent FUR.No other fur comparesChange colors with maturity.Many colorsSr. Buck - 8 lbsSr. Doe - 9 lbs

  • RhinelanderColors: White body with black and bright golden - orange spots, with brown eyes.Sr. Bucks - 8 lbs.Sr. Does - 8.5 lbs.

  • SatinExcellent breed to raise and show.Ex. meat breedHair reflects light and gives it unique shine.Colors: black, blue, broken, chinchilla, chocolate, copper, otter, red, siameseSize - average 9-10 lbs.

  • Standard ChinchillaColor: Chinchilla wih any eye colcor but pink. BROWN eyes is preferr