Belajar Passive Voice English

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    26-May-2015
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Membahas tentang cara mudah mempelajari dan memahami Passive Voice dalam bahasa inggris dengan penyampaian yang simpel dan mudah dimengerti disertai dengan penjelasan dan beberapa contoh.

Transcript of Belajar Passive Voice English

  • 1. Passive voice

2. Menjelaskan apa itu passive voice, kegunaanya dan bagaimana cara menggunakannya disertai dengan contoh-contohnya. 3. Apa itu passive voice? Passive voice dalam bahasa indonesia dikenal dengan nama kalimat pasif. Kalimat aktif dan kalimat pasif memiliki beberapa perbedaan yang sangat mendasar. Bila pada kalimat aktif subjek kalimat (orang) melakukan pekerjaan, sedangkan dalam kalimat pasif subjek bukanlah pelaku pekerjaan melainkan objek.Active : S + Verb/Modal+ O Passive: S + Verb/Modal+ O 4. Kalimat pasif dalam bahasa indonesia dapat dengan mudah dibentuk yaitu hanya dengan menambahkan awalan di- di depan kata kerja. Contohnya: Aktif: adik menendang bola. Pasif: bola ditendang adik. Tetapi dalam bahasa inggris terdapat cara yang sedikit berbeda untuk merubah kalimat aktif menjadi kalimat pasif. Kita harus merubah beberapa bentuk kata kerjanya dan menambahkan to be di depannya. Contohnya : Aktif : My brother kicks the ball. Passive : The ball is kicked by My brother. 5. Kapan kita menggunakan passive voice? 6. A. Passive voice digunakan jika kita hanya ingin fokuspada kejadian bukan pada siapa yang melakukannya.Active : The man is kicking the ball now. Passive: The ball is being kicked now. / The ball is being kicked by the man now. 7. B. Passive voice digunakan untuk menghindari suatusubject yang semu (someone, somebody)Active : Someone hit the mirror last night. Passive: The mirror was hit last night. / The mirror was hit by someone last night. 8. Note: Dalam bahasa inggris terdapat beberapa kata kerja yang bisa memiliki 2 object, seperti : Teach, pay, give, ask, tell, show, offer.Active : Mr. Aldo teaches me Math. Passive : I am tough Math by Mr. Aldo. / Math is tough by Mr. Aldo to me. 9. Pola-pola passive voice. Secara umum pola passive voice bisa dibagi menjadi 4 yaitu: Present passive voice, Past passive voice, Future passive voice, dan Modal auxiliary passive voice 10. Present passive voice. Simple present tense Active : Budi writes a letter. (S + V1(s/es) +O)Passive : A letter is written by Budi. (S + am/is/are + V3) 11. Present continuousActive : Servant is cleaning the floor. (S + To be + Ving + O)Passive: The floor are being cleaned by the servant. (S + is/am/are + being + V3) 12. Present perfect tense Active : Someone has written the letter. (S + has/have + V3 + o)Passive : The letter has been written by someone. (S + has/have + been + V3) 13. Present perfect continuous Active : We have been helping the poor people (S + have/has + been + Ving + O)Passive : The poor people have been being helped by us. (S + have/has + been + being + V3) 14. Past passive voice Simple past Active : I ate fried rice yesterday. (S + V2 + O)Passive : Fried rice was eaten by me yesterday. (S + was/were + V3) 15. Past continuous Active : The boys were painting the wall. (S + To be + Ving + O)Passive : The wall were being painted by the boys. (S + was/were + being + V3) 16. Past perfect Active : We had watched Titanic movie. (S + had + V3 + O)Passive : Titanic movie had been watched by us. (S + had + been + V3) 17. Past perfect continuous Active : The man had been cutting by the grass. (S + had + been + Ving + O)Passive : The grass had been being cut by the man. (S + had + been + being + V3) 18. Future Passive Voice Simple future Active : Maggie will wash the car. (S + will + V1 + O)Passive : the car will be washed by Maggie. (S + will + be + V3) 19. Future continuous Active: Andre will be collecting the paper. (S + will + be + Ving + O)Passive: The paper will be being collected by Andre. (S + will + be + being + V3) 20. Future perfect Active: John will have sold the car. (S + will + have + V3 + O)Passive : The car will have been sold by John. (S + will + have + been + V3) 21. Future perfect continuous Active : Michael will have been presenting final project. (S + will + have + been + Ving + O) Passive: Final project will have been being presentedby Michael. (S + will + have + been + being + V3) 22. Modal auxiliary Passive Voice Modal auxiliary terdiri dari Can-Could, May-Might, WillWould, Shall-Should, Must dan Ought to. Active : The woman can answer the question (S + modals + V1+ O)Passive : The question can be answered by the woman. (S + Modal + be + V3) 23. English Cafe Jl. Gunung Soputan I no 16A Denpasar-Bali 80113 (0361) 8889123 www.englishcafe.co.id [email protected]