ATLAS Jakarta Coastal Defense Strategy

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Transcript of ATLAS Jakarta Coastal Defense Strategy

ATLASPENGAMANAN PANTAI JAKARTADRAFT 31 Januari 2011

Strategi Pengamanan Pantai Jakarta / Jakarta Coastal Defence Strategy (JCDS) Kerjasama antara Pemerintah Indonesia dan pemerintah Belanda

TRIPLE - A

PusAir

ITB

ATLASPENGAMANAN PANTAI JAKARTADRAFT 31 Januari 2011

Strategi Pengamanan Pantai Jakarta / Jakarta Coastal Defence Strategy (JCDS) Kerjasama antara Pemerintah Indonesia dan pemerintah Belanda

TRIPLE - A

PusAir

ITB

JAKARTA COASTAL DEFENCE STRATEGY (JCDS)STRATEGI PENGAMANAN PANTAI JAKARTA

ATLAS PENGAMANAN PANTAI JAKARTAJABOTABEKPUNJUR

FOREWORDThe present Draft Atlas dated 31 January 2011 has been prepared in the framework of the Jakarta Coastal Defence Strategy project (JCDS). This project is undertaken under the umbrella of bilateral cooperation between the Government of Indonesia (GOI) represented by the Ministry of Public Works as its Executing Agency, and the Government of The Netherlands (GON) represented by Partners for Water. A multi-disciplinary expert team of Deltares, Urban Solutions, Witteveen en Bos, Triple-A Team, Pusair and ITB has been mobilized to provide technical assistance. The project duration is from October 2010 to June 2011. Throughout the centuries Jakarta has suffered serious flooding. In recent years frequency and intensity of flooding has noticeably increased, affecting larger areas and claiming more casualties and damage. Based on extrapolation of current trends, such as land subsidence, rising seawater level, climate change and rapid urban growth the flooding problems are expected to become critical over the next decades for the northern part of Jakarta that now accommodates over 4 million people. Hence the urgent need for effective, feasible and sustainable solutions. The purpose of the JCDS project is to set a strategic decision-making process into motion that will lead to effective, feasible and sustainable solutions. For this purpose the project aims at making a thorough diagnosis of the flood problems, at developing common perceptions among stakeholders, experts and decision-makers, and at developing shared views on the available options and broad consensus on strategic directions. For the purpose of supporting the decision-making process the JCDS project applies the so-called Triple-A concept, comprising three practical planning tools: ATLAS that systematically bundles relevant information from multiple sources, AGENDA that integrates existing and proposed plans from different stakeholders, ATURAN-MAIN (=Rules-of-the-game) that define the mechanisms for stakeholder participation in planning, investment and implementation. Jakarta, 31 January 2011 The Atlas is a public document that is accessible as a printed book, on CD-Rom, and via Internet web site. The present Draft Atlas is still far from complete, and during the next few months the presented information will be thoroughly checked and corrected, gaps will be identified and missing information will be added. For this purpose, we welcome comments and inputs. The structure of the present Draft Atlas is based on a Conceptual Framework, comprising (1) Spatial and Environmental context; (2) Socio-Economic Context; (3) Infrastructure Systems and Facilities; and (4) Institutional Context. Available data have been visualized as thematic maps, diagrams, tables and pictures, and are presented with due reference to their sources of information. The Draft Atlas will serve as basis for a flood risk assessment, mapping out the flood hazards, the vulnerability to flooding, and the capacity to mitigate the impacts from flooding. The Draft Atlas will further serve as basis for identifying strategic options and developing strategic directions for the development of a Coastal Defence Master Plan, which will be the logical next step.

Triple A

KATA PENGANTAR i

JAKARTA COASTAL DEFENCE STRATEGY (JCDS)STRATEGI PENGAMANAN PANTAI JAKARTA

ATLAS PENGAMANAN PANTAI JAKARTAJABOTABEKPUNJUR

DAFTAR ISIKATA PENGANTAR / PENDAHULUAN KONSEPTUAL FRAMEWORK1. PROFIL TATA RUANG 1.1 Geografi Posisi Geografis dan Batas Wilayah .................................................. 1 - 1 Topografi dan Lereng Wilayah ........................................................... 1 - 2 Penggunaan Tanah ............................................................................ 1 - 3 Struktur ruang dan Pola Ruang .......................................................... 1 - 5 1.2 Geologi Formasi Geologi ................................................................................. 1 - 10 Jenis Tanah ........................................................................................ 1 - 12 Erosi dan Sedimentasi ........................................................................ 1 - 14 Penurunan Tanah ............................................................................... 1 - 15 1.3 Hidrologi Air Permukaan .................................................................................... 1 - 22 Air Tanah ............................................................................................ 1 - 24 Banjir dan Rob .................................................................................... 1 - 28 Pasang Surut Astronomis ................................................................... 1 - 30 1.4 Iklim .................................................................................................... 1 - 33 1.5 Lingkungan ........................................................................................ 1 - 35 2. PROFIL SOSIAL-EKONOMI 2.1 Sejarah ................................................................................................. 2 2.2 Demografi ........................................................................................... 2 2.3 Sosial Kemiskinan dan Tenaga Kerja ........................................................... 2 Pendidikan .......................................................................................... 2 Kesehatan........................................................................................... 2 Isu-isu Gender .................................................................................... 2 2.4 Budaya................................................................................................ 2 2.5 Profil Ekonomi Makro ............................................................................ 2 -1 -6 -8 - 10 - 11 - 12 - 13 - 15

3. PROFIL PRASARANA 3.1 Wilayah Terbangun ............................................................................ 3 3.2 Perhubungan dan Telekomunikasi Transportasi Darat ............................................................................. 3 Transportasi Laut ............................................................................... 3 Transportasi Udara ............................................................................ 3 Pos dan Telekomunikasi .................................................................... 3 3.3 Energi ................................................................................................. 3 3.4 Bangunan Air Pertahanan Pesisir ............................................................................. 3 Pembagian Zona Drainase DKI ......................................................... 3 Sistem Tata Air .................................................................................. 3 Situ dan Waduk .................................................................................. 3 Pompa Pengendali Banjir .................................................................. 3 Pintu Air Pengendali Banjir ................................................................ 3 Sistem Peringatan Dinii Banjir ........................................................... 3 3.5 Pengelolaan Air Bersih dan Sanitasi.................................................. 3 4. PROFIL KELEMBAGAAN 4.1 Pemerintah Nasional .......................................................................... 4 4.2 Pemerintah Provinsi .......................................................................... 4 4.3 Pemerintah Kabupaten / Kota ............................................................ 4 4.4 Sektor Swasta .................................................................................... 4 4.5 LSM dan Lembaga Donor .................................................................. 4

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- 1 - 5 - 8 - 10 - 12

Triple A

DAFTAR ISI

JAKARTA COASTAL DEFENCE STRATEGY (JCDS)STRATEGI PENGAMANAN PANTAI JAKARTA

ATLAS PENGAMANAN PANTAI JAKARTAJABODETABEKPUNJUR

I. Rangkaian Konseptual untuk Perencanaan Strategis dalam Konteks KomprehensifJakarta Coastal Defence Strategy (JCDS)Sektor:Departemen Dalam Negeri Keuangan ABRI Polisi 4.2 Pemerintah Provinsi Dinas terkait Badan koord. antar Prov. Hukum dan peraturan Penegakan hukum Polisi 4.4 Swasta Investor luar negeri Investor dalam negeri Kadin dan asosiasi bisnis Universitas, konsultan Kontraktor, developer 4.5 Masyarakat dan Donor LSM lokal LSM Internasional Donor Internasional 4.3 Pemerintah Kab. / Kota Dinas terkait Badan koord. antar daerah Hukum dan peraturan Penegakan hukum Polisi 3.3 Energi Produksi listrik Distribusi listrik Sumber listrik cadangan 4.1 Pemerintah Nasional Menteri dan Badan terkait Badan koord. antar depart. Hukum & peraturan Penegakan hukum Badan militer 1.2 Geologi Formasi geologis Jenis tanah Aktivitas geotektonik Erosi dan sedimentasi Penurunan tanah 1.1 Geografi Kondisi lahan Elevasi dan lereng Perluasan perkotaan Pemadatan perkotaan Ruang terbuka hijau 1.4 Iklim Perubahan iklim Perubahan musim Kenaikan suhu Peningkatan hujan Kekeringan 1.3 Hidrologi Air permukaan Pengambilan air tanah Peningkatan permukaan laut Pasang surut astronomis 1.5 Lingkungan Ekosistem air Deboisasi hulu Kehilangan pohon bakau