Allah Noor

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    ONLINE SHOPPING SITE

    Submitted by:

    Allah Noor

    Muhammad Asif

    Supervised by:

    MR. Muhammad Ahmad Jan

    Session: 2009-11

    Institute of Computing &Information technology,

    Gomal University D. I. Khan

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    ACKNOWLEDGMENT

    First we offer our humble and sincere thanks to almighty

    "ALLAH" who bested us the potential and ability to make use of

    already existing ocean of knowledge.

    It is a grate privilege and pleasure for us to express our

    immense indebtedness, deepest gratitude and profound regard to the

    venerable and respectable teacher and our supervisor Mr. Muhammad

    Ahmad Jan for his constant encouragement, cooperation and helpful

    suggestion in preparation of our project.

    We would like to offer thanks to Mr. Bashir Ahmad, Director

    ICIT, for providing us facilities to carry out our project. We are

    thankful to him for providing good computer lab facility during ourstay here at the department.

    Special thanks to all teachers of ICIT for helping us in two

    years degree.

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    APPROVAL CERTIFICATE

    This is to certify that Mr Allah Noor and Mr Muhammad Asif

    have completed their final Project at institute of computing and

    information technology, Gomal university D.I.Khan. The project

    report submitted by them is hereby approved in partial fulfillment of

    the requirement for the degree of Master in computer science (MCS)

    ________________________

    EXTERNAL EXAMINER:

    MR. MUHAMMAD AMEER KHAN

    Lecturer Govt. College No. 1

    D.I.Khan

    ________________________

    INTERNAL EXAMINER

    MR. Muhammad Ahmad Jan

    Lecturer ICIT

    Gomal university

    D.I.Khan

    ________________________

    DIRECTOR

    DR.BASHIR AHMAD

    ICIT

    Gomal University

    D.I.Khan

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    PROJECT IN BRIEF

    PROJECT TITLE

    WEBSITE FOR ONLINE SHOPPING

    OBJECTIVE

    To facilitate the customers to purchase different products online.

    UNDERTAKEN BY

    Allah Noor

    Muhammad Asif

    SUPERVISED BY

    Mr. Muhammad Ahmad Jan

    Lecturer ICIT

    Gomal University D.I.Khan

    SOFTWARE USED

    PHP

    My Sql

    Image Composer 1.5

    Microsoft Front page 2003

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    CHAPTER Description Page No

    Chapter 1 Introduction 81.1 Internet history. 9

    1.2 computer used in internet. 9

    1.3 web pages. 10

    1.4 Introduction of online shopping. 12

    1.5 About Gomal online shopping site 13

    1.6 Main features 13

    Chapter 2 Existing system .. . 14

    2.1 Introduction. 15

    2.2 Disadvantages 15

    Chapter 3 Proposed system .. 17

    3.1 Introduction .. 183.2 Who can use the website? ....................................... 18

    3.3 Customer registration. 18

    3.4 Featuresof proposed system 19

    Chapter 4 System requirement specification 20

    4.1 Introduction .. 21

    4.2 Input specification... 214.3 process specification. 22

    4.4 output specification 22

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    CHAPTER Description Page No Chapter 5 System Design... 23

    5.1 Introduction . 24

    5.2 Data base design 24

    5.3 logical data base design... 24

    5.4 E R Diagram. 25

    5.4 physical data base design.... 26

    Chapter 6 Front End Design 30

    6.1 User interface. 31

    6.2 Administrator interface 39

    Chapter 7 System testing and evaluation ... 45

    7.1 Testing strategies.. 46

    7.2 Input testing 46

    7.3 Output testing. 46

    7.4 Code testing 46

    7.5 Data base testing.. 46

    7.6 During development testing.. 46

    7.7 Evaluation of the software of the end user .. 47

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    Chapter # 1

    Introduction

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    History of Internet

    Internet began in 1969, as an experimental four computer network

    called ARPA Net. This was designed by the US defense department so

    that research scientists could communicate to each other. In

    approximately two years ARPA Net grew to about two dozen sites, and in

    1981 it consists of almost tow hundred sites. In 1990 ARPA Net was

    officially disband, and the network which was no consists of hundred of

    websites was called internet. After some time commercial organizations

    begin to recognize the use of such a network which converted the whole

    world as a global village and allowed to access of all to business as well

    as commercial data, and a host of other services such as email and e-

    commerce. The rapid growth of the internet was due to networking giants,

    like British telecom, Hyundai, AT&T and others setting up fast and rapid

    networks, that encircles the globe. The networking giants were varying

    clear about their goal. This was to setup and maintain, monitor and expand

    existing networks.

    Computers used in internet

    There are two types of computers used in internet i.e

    1. server

    2. client

    Server

    Servers are the computers which provide services to the client. It is

    the combination of hardware and software. Web server software is special

    software installed on web server. It provide the following services

    1. Receives request from client and process it.

    2. Sends response back to the particular client who had made

    request for it.

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    Some of the most popular software server software are,

    PWS (personal web server)

    IIS (internet information system)

    Apache

    Client

    Client is the computer which uses the services provides by web

    server. A special software is installed on client machine called web

    browser and provides the following services,

    1. Send request to web server.

    2. Receive response from web server.

    3. Display contents of requested page.

    Some special web browsers are,

    Internet explorer

    Mozilla firefox

    Opera

    Webpage

    Webpage is a file or document written within html or html and

    Programming code, the programming code toll may be VB script, JAVA

    script or any other.

    There are two types of web pages.

    static web pages

    Dynamic web pages

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    Static pagesStatic web page can be defined as it is a document or file which is

    written pure html. It is saved with the extension of .html or .htm.

    Characteristics

    1. Contents of static web page always remain constant.

    2. The user can not change its contents according to his requirements.

    3. Static web page is unable to provide any kind of information.

    4. User can not perform any kind of calculations.

    5. They are processed on client machine.

    6. Dynamic pages

    The page that is generated dynamically at the time of request is

    called dynamic web page. OR

    A webpage which is developed in html and programming code, where

    programming code may consists of client side programming or server side

    programming. Programming tool may VB script, JAVA script, php, asp or

    any other.

    Characteristics

    1. User can change the contents of dynamic page according tohis/her requirements.

    2. User can perform any type of processing .

    3. Mathematical, statistical, scientific and database operation can

    be performed on dynamic web pages.

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    4. It is saved with the extension of .html if it contains client side

    script other wise it is saved with the extension of .asp, .php etc.

    Server side dynamic web pages are processed at web server.

    Online shopping

    It was a time of past to spared your business in market by

    conventional methods. Old market is today converted in high tech markets.

    Today if you want to purchase any item from abroad you need not to go or

    you need not to call them for a sample. You can find their products and

    see the catalogue on internet. Internet enables you to shop throughout

    world from the comfort of your home. Internet has some special

    characteristics which no othermedium have. Only internet can provide you

    such special information even no salesman can help you as internet helps.

    Countless people can see products at a single movement, as well as they

    can purchase the product same time. You can compare various product

    and choose which is more useful for you, You have the facility to visit

    websites as much as you like no restriction on you here you will find

    approximately all world class brands and their products you have the

    facility to compare them, arrange according to many types like by price, by

    size, by category, by most salable item and many more. This facility

    enables you to choose. This way of shopping provides a new way of

    shopping.

    Online shopping is the process whereby consumers directly buy

    goods or services from a seller in real-time, without an intermediary

    service, over the Internet. It is a form of electronic commerce. An online

    shop, eshop, e-store, internet shop, webshop, webstore, online store, or

    virtual store evokes the physical analogy of buying products or services at

    a bricks-and-mortar retailer or in a shopping centre. The process is called

    Business-to-Consumer (B2C) online shopping.

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    About Gomal Online shopping SystemGomal online shopping site offers facility to different users to buy

    available products. Register customers can buy products while sitting in

    their homes. Products may be of different types such as cameras, laptops,

    and mobiles etc. This site will satisfy the needs of customers. It will save

    the time and money, and customers will get their required products in

    more easy way.

    Main features

    1. Keeps track of Customers personal information.

    2. User security by authenticating customer.

    3. Administration panel to update database.

    4. Showing approximately all properties of products.

    5. Easy to use interface.

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    Chapter # 2

    EXISTING SYSTEM

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    Introduction

    The idea of this project is taken from a shop, whose system wasvery interesting. This all system is done manually.

    This shop is a store of valuable things. The whole system is

    described by the two main factors

    1. Shop administrator

    2. buyer

    shops administrator is a person who has the place where things can be

    placed for sale.

    People come to administrator to buy things are buyers.

    If a person has to buy some thing then he come to the shop and ask for

    his required thing. Now administrator will show him that thing and also tell

    him its different varieties, its price, and features. The same process is

    repeated for every customer. When the customer buy his required thing

    then administrator will have to placed all products in its proper place.

    Disadvantages of the existing system

    There are many drawbacks in the existing system.

    The administrator has to maintain a list of registers of

    products with there prices. Unreliable system due to greater

    chances of information being destroyed or lost.

    Searching of a particular products in big shop is also very

    time consuming activity.

    To describe the price, feature and varieties of every product

    to every customer again and again, it is very time consuming

    process.

    To show products to every customer and to set back in their

    proper place is also a very time consuming and tedious job.

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    There may also be a risk of the breaking of products while

    showing to customer and setting back in to their proper

    place.

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    Chapter # 3

    PROPOSED SYSTEM

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    Introduction

    It is the age of computer. Most of the business is being done online.Notable shops are doing business online. Now it is the sign of good shop

    to have the business online.

    The existing system of our shop was definitely having some

    drawbacks. These drawbacks are directly effecting the business so the

    administrator is interested to get his business on the web. In getting the

    business online we will relief of a heavy burden.

    Now our proposed system is to develop a website that can handle

    online all transaction being done manually. The customer can buy product

    online. The customer has no need to come physically for buying products,

    because when a customer comes physically on shop he is really losing his

    time.

    Who can use the web site?

    Every user whether he is registered or not can use the site and see

    the products.Whenever a customer visit our site although he is allowed to see,

    what available on site yet he unable to take the fun of our site. Our website

    is quite friendly to registered customers. Only registered customer can put

    their orders for available products.

    All transactions are done online so first we start user registration.

    Customer registration

    Customer is more important entity for business, but before doingbusiness with any person you will wish to know about that person. So the

    case is in online business we will get information from the person who

    wants to do business with us. So customer must be registered with

    website.-

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    Features of proposed system

    Attractive and user friendly interfaceThe efforts have really dedicated for making interface of the site more

    attractive and user friendly. This thing has been kept in mind that the

    interface must be consistent in its appearance color scheme has been

    selected that catches the eyes almost the look of the site is kept so same,

    the user can feel that he is visiting the same site.

    Fair administration

    The administration of the site is critical job. So the administration is

    provided full authorities for site handling. He has to handle all the

    transactions on the site, so he is provided with an interface that is easy to

    use for him.

    Simple way of ordering

    In this proposed system we have adopt so simple way so that a common

    person can easily ordered for any available products.

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    Chapter # 4

    System requirement

    specification

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    System Requirement Specification

    The main purpose of online shopping site is to facilitate costumersto buy products and services while sitting in there homes.

    The requirements of online shopping software are specified as input,

    process and output to understand and work further. The online system will

    be designed on the required specifications and categorized here as

    1. Input specification: In this section all the required inputs will be

    specified, which are record online from remote locations.

    2. Output specification: These are the reports or information which are

    needed to show costumers such as products properties and many

    others.

    3. Process specifications: The functions which software is required to

    perform will be clearly defined like registering etc.

    Several interviews with end users have been carried out for gathering

    requirements to clearly define there inputs and outputs. However onsite observation was also done and met with whole Human Right

    section for better under standing of requirement and manual system.

    The final input and output specifications are as follow:

    Input Specification

    Product category entry

    Description: New products can be entered for product categorization.

    One category of product can have different products subjects, so product

    code and name will be defined separately.

    Customer Entry

    Description: customer personal information is required to input for

    customer registration which may include name, address, phone, email id,

    password etc. This information of customers is required to register their

    orders for any product.

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    Products:

    Description: products are the heart of this system. All possible the

    information about any product is required so that customer can select the

    product of his/her choice.

    Process Specifications

    Product selection: This function will show products selected from

    database with all information about the product for the customer. The

    products are selected based on the category of the product..

    Registering orders: When customer order for any product then the

    function will first check that whether the customer is registered or not, if it

    is a registered customer then his/her order will be accepted by system by

    showing a message otherwise it will be rejected.

    Output Specification

    Registered orders: All the orders will be shown to administrator and he

    will print and confirm the orders. An order contains the information about

    customer product, quantity and order date etc.

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    Chapter # 5

    System design

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    E R diagram

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    Physical database design

    Table Name: MemberDescription: This table contains all the information of customers.

    Primary key: id

    Field Name Data type Descriptionid Begint Primary key(auto increment)

    First name Varchar (255) First name of customer

    Last name Varchar (255) Last name of customer

    cnic Varchar(50) Cnic # of customer

    Gender Varchar(20) Gender of customer

    contactno Varchar(255) Contact # of customerAddress text Address of customer

    Email_id Varchar(255) Valid email id of customer

    password Varchar(255) Password of customer

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    Table Name: Admin

    Description: This table contains information about administrators. It consists of

    id, name and password.

    Primary key: id

    Table Name: Pro_category

    Description: It contains information about the category of products. This table

    contains id, cat_name and description about category.

    Primary key: id

    Field Data type Descriptionid Bigint Primary key (auto increment)

    cat_name Varchar(255) Name of products category

    description Varchar(255) Description of category

    Field Data type Descriptionid Bigint Primarykey (autoincrement)

    name Varchar(255) Name of administrator

    password Varchar(255) Password of administrator

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    Table Name: Products

    Description: This table contains information about the products. It consists of

    pro_id, pro_name, comp_name, pro_model, description, price and picture.

    Primary key: pro_id

    Field Data type Descriptionpro_id bigint Primary key (auto increment)

    pro_name Varchar(255) Products name

    comp_name Varchar(255) Company name of the productpro_model Varchar(255) Products model

    description text Description of product

    price bigint Price of the product

    picture text Picture of product

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    Table Name: Orders

    Description: This table contains the orders registered by costumers. It consists of

    order_id, uid, pro_id, units, address, orderdate, modeofpayment and confirm.

    Primary key: order_id

    Foreign key: uid, pro_id

    Field Data type Descriptionorder_id Bigint Primary key (auto increment)

    uid Bigint Costumer id

    Pro_id Bigint Product id

    units int Quantity of product

    address text If costumer change his delivery

    address

    orderdate date The date of order

    modeofpayment Varchar(255) Mode of payment

    confirm Varchar(255) Confirmation of order

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    Chapter # 6

    Front End Design

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    User interfaceIndex page:

    PURPOSE:

    This is the index page of the site which leads to the different pages

    of the website.

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    FAQ page:

    PURPOSE:

    This page contains the frequently asked questions.

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    User Registration Page:

    PURPOSE:

    This is the User Registration page of the online shopping website.

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    User Login Page:

    PURPOSE:

    This is the login page for customer. Email id and password are required

    for login.

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    Products page:

    PURPOSE:

    When customer clicks on any product link, Then it will show

    different products of the selected type.

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    Order Not Register:

    PURPOSE:

    If the customer is not login to the website yet he can see the

    products but cannot ordered, and the order can not be further processed.

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    Order page:

    PURPOSE:

    When any customer is login to the website and click on the Buy

    Now button of any product, then in this page user can enter no: of units of

    product, delivery address, and mode of payment.

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    Order Verify Page:

    PURPOSE:

    When user click on Order Now button, then this page will be

    appeared which show the confirmation of order.

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    Administrators pages

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    Log in Page:

    PURPOSE:

    This page is used for login to administrator pages. No Admin page

    can be seen with out login.

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    Add Products:

    PORPUSE:This page is used to add products.

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    Add Administrator:

    PURPOSE:

    This page is used to add new administrators.

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    Confirm orders:

    PURPOSE:

    This page shows all orders one by one which are not confirmed, and

    administrator can confirm it by clicking on the button confirm order and goto

    next.

    The below link see all orders shows all the orders whether confirm or not.

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    All Orders:

    PURPOSE:

    This page shows all the orders whether confirmed or not.

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    Chapter # 7

    SYSTEM TESTING AND

    EVALUATION

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    Testing Strategies:The hallmark is the performance of any software is the testing strategies.

    These testing strategies play major role to satisfy the further performance

    Of the soft ware. The following strategies provide testing of software for

    Better and efficient implementation of the soft ware.

    Input Testing:

    It is the process to test whether the proposed soft ware can take the valid

    input and check blocks in valid entry of the data, And in this way the soft

    ware Provide best performance.

    Output Testing:

    It is the process to test the output generated by the soft ware and to

    specify that either the soft ware is providing the required output or not.

    Output Testing plays the major role because it indicates all those factors

    that ay create problems in the implementation and working of the Soft

    ware.

    Code Testing:

    It is the process to test the coding and to specify that either the coding is

    Error less and check the developed soft ware provides the quick flow of

    Data and either the code designing satisfy the performance of the Soft

    ware.

    Data Base Testing:

    Data base design for the soft ware is tested and its performance is

    identified Such that either the soft ware provides effective storage or not .

    The testing Of the data base plays the major role as it is the stage to

    indicate that either The soft ware is satisfying the user of organization.

    During Development Testing:

    During the development of the any software, due to nature and capabilities

    of tools used, Testing was performed simultaneously along with

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    development. Rests of the bunks were removed in One week period after

    soft ware had been completely developed. Each Interface was tested

    independently of the others to verify the correct behaviors and processing

    of data.

    Evaluation of the Soft Ware of the End User

    The system has been tested and evaluated by end user. To serve this

    purpose the evaluation was implemented on the user system. During

    evaluations Period the user has found many deficiencies and bug in the

    systems, which were removed on the daily basis.

    The bugs related to the following categories

    1. Problems with connecting with data base.

    2. Reports Generation omissions.

    Fixes Of Bugs:

    All of bugs have been removed successfully.

    Conclusion:

    Different conclusions can be drawn after system testing and evaluation of

    the proposed system. These conclusions are based on the testing results.

    The Major conclusions are as under:

    . The proposed system provides effective input data entry in order to

    facilitate the user.

    . Outputs are generated randomly and user can easily operate and get the

    required data quickly.

    . Versatile interface provides easy operations of the proposed system such

    that a friendly environment is established.