45267235 anatomi-fisiologi-sistem-pencernaan

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  • 1. Health Sciences Department, Rogers State University 1 Sistem Pencernaan (Systema GastroIntestinalis) Dr. Arief Fatoni 2010

2. Health Sciences Department, Rogers State University 2 Obyektif Menerangkan fungsi pokok dari sistem Pencernaan Mengidentifikasi alat-alat pokok dan alat- alat tambahan. Menerangkan peranan hati dan kantong empedu dalam pencernaan 3. Health Sciences Department, Rogers State University 3 Bertanggung jawab untuk menerima , mencerna , menyerap makanan,dan mengeluarkan sisa padat. Saluran pencernaan (GI tract) Alimentasi - untuk mencukupi gizi Anatomy/Physiology Sistem Pencernaan 4. Health Sciences Department, Rogers State University 4 ALAT PENCERNAAN TAMBAHAN Gigi / dentin Lidah / lingua Kelenjar ludah/ glandula salivarius Hati / hepar / liver Kantong empedu / vesica fellea/ gallbladder Pankreas / pancreas 5. Health Sciences Department, Rogers State University 5 Rongga Mulut / Cavum Oris Mulut (bucca, lingua) papillae Gigi mastikasi dentin pulp gingiva 6. Health Sciences Department, Rogers State University 6 LINGUA Papilla lingualis Papilla lingualis sircumvalata Papilla lingualis fungiformis Tonsila lingualis 7. Health Sciences Department, Rogers State University 7 8. Health Sciences Department, Rogers State University 8 Gigi Arcus maxillaris (atas) Arcus mandibularis (bawah) Gigi depan untuk menggigit dan merobek Gigi belakang untuk mengunyah dan menggiling Gigi decidua - shedding Primer - 20 gigi Permanen - 32 gigi 9. Health Sciences Department, Rogers State University 9 DENTS Dents permanen Dents decidua Dents insicivus Dents caninus Dents premolar Dents molar Superior dextra Superior sinistra Inferior dextra Inferior sinistra 10. Health Sciences Department, Rogers State University 10 Rongga Mulut / Cavum Oris Palatum, durum dan mole bolus Pharynx Uvula Esophagus Epiglottis 11. Health Sciences Department, Rogers State University 11 Esophagus kerongkogan chyme cardiac, atau bawah esophageal atau gastroesophageal sphincter 12. Health Sciences Department, Rogers State University 12 13. Health Sciences Department, Rogers State University 13 Lambung / Ventriculus Corpus /Body, fundus pylorus rugae Sphincter pyloricum Fundus Body 14. Health Sciences Department, Rogers State University 14 Usus Halus /Intestinum Usus kecil entero usus kecil villi Bagian-bagian duodenum jejunum ileum Valvula ileocecalis 15. Health Sciences Department, Rogers State University 15 Usus besar Usus besar colon cecum Appendix vermiformis 16. Health Sciences Department, Rogers State University 16 Colon ascenden Flexura hepatica transversum Flexura splenicum descenden Sigmoid Rectum Anus 17. Health Sciences Department, Rogers State University 17 Fungsi Menghasilkan empedu glucose - glycogen Menimbun vitamin, B12, A, D, E, K erythrocytolysis (pigmen dilepas dieliminasi dalam empedu disebut bilirubin) bilirubin membuat warna tinja khas /gelap Mengeluarkan toxin dari darah Membuat protein darah Hati / Hepar / liver 18. Health Sciences Department, Rogers State University 18 HEPAR 19. Health Sciences Department, Rogers State University 19 Pankreas internal fungsi endocrine insulin glucogon external fungsi exocrine amylase - karbihidrat trypsin, chymotrypsin - protein lipase lemak Enzyme tidak aktif sampai berada di duodenum 20. Health Sciences Department, Rogers State University 20 PANKREAS 21. Health Sciences Department, Rogers State University 21 Kantong empedu Seperti buah pear berbentuk kantong dibawah hati chole berarti empedu Cyste berarti kantong atau saccus Kantong empedu berkontraksi mendorong empedu keluar melelui ductus cysticus kedalam ductus biliverus communis 22. Health Sciences Department, Rogers State University 22 SALURAN EMPEDU DAN PANKREAS Ductus hepaticus sinistra Ductus hepaticus dextra Ductus hepaticus communis Ductus sisticus Ductus choleducus Ductus pancreaticus Ampula vateri 23. Health Sciences Department, Rogers State University 23 Empedu Empedu adalah getah pencernaan bertindak mengemulsi lemak menjadi way bahwa enzyme dapat mencerna lemak Berjalan melalui ductus hepaticus ke ductus cysticus ke kantong empedu dimana dia ditimbun Empedu mengandung air, garam-garam empedu, cholesterol, dan bilirubin (suatu zat warna hasil dari pemecahan hemoglobin) bilirubin mebuat warna empedu kuning atau 24. Health Sciences Department, Rogers State University 24 Lambung selama pencernaan Getah lambung HCL mengaktifkan enzym protease pepsin lipase Chyme 25. Health Sciences Department, Rogers State University 25 Usus kecil selama pencernaan Pencernaan lengkap pada usus kecil chyme tercampur dengan empedu dan getah pankreas Penggumpalan (emulsifikasi) Penyerapan (absorpsi) 26. Health Sciences Department, Rogers State University 26 Usus besar Menerima sisa-sisa pencernaan dan menimbun sampai dilepaskan dari tubuh. Penyerapan kelebihan air faeces, tinja defekasi, atau gerakan usus 27. Health Sciences Department, Rogers State University 27 Patologi - Ulcer Gastric ulcer Peptic ulcer Ulcerative Colitis 28. Health Sciences Department, Rogers State University 28 Patology - Hernia Diaphragmatica Hiatal, Gastroesophageal Inguinal Umbilical 29. Health Sciences Department, Rogers State University 29 Sumbatan usus Volvulus Ischemia Necrosis Peritonitis Intussuscepsi 30. Health Sciences Department, Rogers State University 30 Hemorrhoid (wasir) Internal External Hemorrhoidectomy 31. Health Sciences Department, Rogers State University 31 Gangguan Liver Kuning - jaundice, icterus Hepatitis Type A - fecal, oral Type B - parenteral, sexual, perinatal Type C - parenteral ke darah , produk darah 32. Health Sciences Department, Rogers State University 32 Diverticulosis Diverticulitis obstipasi diverticulectomy 33. Health Sciences Department, Rogers State University 33 Oncologi Neoplasma dari lapisan epitelial Adenocarcinoma lambung Carcinoma esofagus Carcinoma hepatoseluler Carcinoma pankreas 34. Health Sciences Department, Rogers State University 34 Istilah Diagnostic, Symptomatic, Therapeutic Aerophagia anorexia appendicitis ascites borborygmus bulimia 35. Health Sciences Department, Rogers State University 35 Istilah Diagnostic, Symptomatic, Therapeutic cachexia cholelithiasis cleft palate Crohns disease cirrhosis colic 36. Health Sciences Department, Rogers State University 36 Istilah Diagnostic, Symptomatic, Therapeutic deglutition dysentery dysphagia eructation fecalith flatus gastroesophageal reflux disease 37. Health Sciences Department, Rogers State University 37 Istilah Diagnostic, Symptomatic, Therapeutic Halitosis hematemesis irritable bowel syndrome leukoplakia malabsorption syndrome melena obstipation 38. Health Sciences Department, Rogers State University 38 Istilah Diagnostic, Symptomatic, Therapeutic Peristalsis pyloric stenosis regurgitation steatorrhea visceroptosis